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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
socialization
the process by which a society transmits its cultural values to its members(through agents like parents and teachers)
personality is developed through
socialization
intelligence
the capacity for mental or intellectual achievement
aptitude
capacity for developing physical or social skills
sensorimotor stage
birth-2
lack language and cannot make sense of their environment; something only exists if they can see it; use senses and movement to interact with the world

Piaget
preoperational stage
2-7
acquisition of motor skills; do not understand cause and effect; animistic; egocentric

Piaget
concrete operational stage
7-12
can perform simple intellectual tasks

Piaget
formal operational stage
12-15
can think and reason abstractly; can follow the form of an argument

Piaget
id
part of the personality that is irrational and concerned only with seeking pleasure

Freud
ego
part of the personality that is rational, dealing with the world logically and realistically

Freud
superego
the part of the personality that is moral; popularly known as the conscience

Freud
preconventional morality
defining right and wrong according to consequences (<10)

Kohlberg
conventional morality
definiting right and wrong according to the motive of the action being judged (10-16)

Kohlberg
postconventional morality
judging actions by taking into account the importance of conflicting norms (>16)

Kohlberg
gender identity
image of who you are expected to be based on your sex
looking-glass self
the self-image we develop from the way others treat us
peer group
group whose members are about the same age and share interests
anticipatory socialization
process by which an individual learns to assume a role in the future
developmental socialization
process by which people learn to be more competent in playing their currently assumed role
resocialization
process by which people must give up their old role and develop a new one
total institution
place where people are not only cut off from the larger society but are also rigidly controlled by its administrators