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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Culture
The ways of thinking,acting, and the material objects that make up a peoples way of life.
Society
People who interact in a specific territory and share culture.
Culture Shock
Personal confusion when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life.
Symbol
Anything that carries a particular meaning that people share in a culture. ( Hand signals, facial expressions, etc. )
Language
System of symbols that allows people to communicate with eachother.
Cultural Transmission
Process by which one generation passes on culture to the next.
Sapir-Whorf thesis
Thesis that stated people see and understand the world through a cultural lense of language. ( Each language has its own distinctive symbols that also represent expressions and emotions )
Benjamin Whorf and Edward Sapir
Sociologists who created the Sapir-Whorf thesis
Values
what people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful to serve as guidelines of social living.
Beliefs
Specific statements that people hold to be true.
Norms
Rules and expectations that a society guides the behavior of its members.
Mores/Taboos
Norms that are widely observed and have great moral signifigance. ( Ex. Adults should not engange in sexual relations with childeran.)
William Sumner
Man who coined the term "mores."
Folkways
Norms for a routine/casual interation. (Ex. Idea's about appropriate greetings and dress.)
Technology
Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings.
Gehard Lenski
Argued that societys level of technology is key in determining what cultural idea's and artifacts will emerge.
Ways of Living
Hunting and Gathering, Horticulture, Pastoralism, Agriculture, Industrial, and Post-Industrial.
Hunting & Gathering
The simple process that used tools for hunting and gathering. ( started 3 mil. years ago til 1,800 )
Horticulture
Use of hand tools to raise crops. ( Started 10,000 years ago )
Pastoralism
The domestification of animals. ( Breeding animals )
Agriculture
Large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed by animals or machine.
Industrial
The production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery.
Post-Imdustrial
Society which we exist today. Use alot of information technology
High Culture
Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
Popular Culture
Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.
Subculture
Refers to cultural patterns that set apart some segment of society's population. ( Eagles fans and Giants fans )
Multiculturalism
A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity in the U.S. and promoting respect and equal standings for all cultural tradtions.
Eurocentrism
Dominence of european cultural patterns. ( ESPECIALLY ENGLISH )
Afrocentrism
Emphazing and promoting African cultural patterns
Counterculture
Cultural patterns that oppose those widely accepted within a society. (Crimals, Murderers, etc.)
Cultural Integration
The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system. (Ex. Working rate amongst women and divorce rate with women)
Cultural Lag
The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting the cultural system. ( Ex. Testtube babies)
William Ogburn
Sociologist that obseved, investigated and then coined the term "cultural lag."
Ethnocentrism
The practice of judging anothers culture by the standards of one's own.
Cultural Relativism
The practice of judging a culture by its own standards.