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68 Cards in this Set

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theory that blames minorities themselves
deficiency theory
what are the examples of deficiency theory
-biologically inferior
-culturally inferior
theory that blames members of the majority who hold prejudicial attitudes against minorities
bias theory
theory that says the customary ways of doing things and structural arrangments protect the advantages of the dominant group while oppressing the subordinate group
institutional discrimination theory
someone is targeted based on their perceived race ethnicity. (what people think u are)
racial ethnic profiling
profiling just based on sound of voice. (don’t even have to be in person)
linguistic profiling
What did the chicago tribune and globe do with the fake resumes?
applied 2 jobs to test bias theory
What are the main arguments of the institutional discrimination theory?
-history is important in determining present condition
-discrimination cannot occur without conscious bigotry
-Discrimination is reinforced because institutions are interrelated.
how the media will stereotype minorities
institutional derogation
what is an example of racial ethnic profiling?
in the linguistic video, the example with the movie of the callers to the house owners.
the biological and anatomical differences distinguishing females from males.
sex
social expectations about behavior regarded as appropriate for the members of each sex. Refers not to the physical attributes but to socially formed traits
gender
person that feels they were born into the wrong body (try to act like opposite sex)
transgender
person that is transgender but actually changes biology by getting surgery or taking hormones.
transsexual
person that has both body parts of male and female
intersexual
T/F Gender is learned?
true
we start to learn gender at birth and we continue to do gender through out our lives.
gender socialization
example of gender socialization at home.
Toys teach kids gender appropriate statuses and also teach kids gender appropriate skills.
example of gender socialization at school
In elementary school they look at teacher/student interaction.
guidance counselors encourage students to go into gender appropriate fields.
gender tracking
idea that gender inequality is built into social institutions
gender structure
example of how language is gendered?
ignores women and makes women seem less important then men.
example of interpersonal behavior between personal space?
men take up more space then women, men invade personal space of women
housework and child care, 61%of women do this.
second shift
people feel stressed because they have too many competing responsibilities.
role overload
why do women do the second shift?
beliefs about gender, and feminist theory
theory that who ever does housework expresses and enforces gender inequality.
feminist theory
T/F Gender is learned?
true
we start to learn gender at birth and we continue to do gender through out our lives.
gender socialization
example of gender socialization at home.
Toys teach kids gender appropriate statuses and also teach kids gender appropriate skills.
example of gender socialization at school
In elementary school they look at teacher/student interaction.
guidance counselors encourage students to go into gender appropriate fields.
gender tracking
idea that gender inequality is built into social institutions
gender structure
example of how language is gendered?
ignores women and makes women seem less important then men.
example of interpersonal behavior between personal space?
men take up more space then women, men invade personal space of women
Who is more likely to play with opposite gender toys?
girls
how do children’s storybooks reproduce traditional gender stereotypes of strong boys and passive girls?
girls cooked and cleaned for the males or awaited their return. Women who were not wives and mothers were imaginary creatures like witches or fairy godmothers.
why is it so difficult to practice nonsexist childearing?
kids are recieving gender typed toys given to them by relatives, and storybooks now have independent women, but boys don't have nontraditional roles.
women working full-time make approximately 76 cents for a man’s dollar – why is this so?
sex segregation or gender typing
Argument that individuals make investments in their own "human capital" in order to increase their productivity and earnings.
human capital theory
How does the human capital theory explain the gender pay gap?
human captial theorists reason that women intentionally select occupations that are easy to move in and out of, while still providing moderately good incomes.
what are some criticisms of human capital theory?
they dispute the claim that women freely choose certain occupations, also neglects power differentials between men and women in the workplace and society.
a promotion barrier that prevents a woman's upward mobility within an organization.
glass ceiling
the process by which men in traditionally female professions benefit from an unfair rapid rise within an organization
glass escalator
What do we mean when we say sexuality is socially constructed?
we mean that sexuallity is learned through social environment
What does DOMA stand for?
Defense of Marriage Act
What does the DOMA law say?
defines marriage as the union between one man and one woman.
Who signed the DOMA law and when?
clinton in 1996
How does the DOMA law discriminate against gays/lesbians?
because men and women can't get married because of the law
first state to grant same-sex couples the state-level legal benefits of marriage through civil unions in 1999
Vermont
How many federal benefits do heterosexual married couples get?
1,138 federal benefits
Massachusetts ruled that denying same-sex couples the right to marry is unconstitutional and has been issuing licenses since when?
may 17, 2004
Amendment that would put DOMA into constitution, Amend it to say that marriage is between one man and one woman.
Federal Marriage Amendment
Which state is the only state to not allow gay and lesbian individuals, as well as same-sex couples, to adopt children
Florida
in 1994 which state was the first state to grant same-sex couples the right to adopt children, and that adoption laws vary state-to-state
Massachusetts
although exact chonological age at which they occur varies greatly, depending on genetics, lifestyle, and luck
biological aging
examples of biological aging.
declining vision, wrinkles, hearing loss, a decline of muscle mass, a drop in cardiovascular efficiency
examples of psychological aging
recall or analyzes information slow, memory loss, learning, intelligence, skills, and motivation to learn decline with age
aging that consists of the norms, values, and roles that are culturally associated with a particular chronological age.
social age
theory that the notion that it is functional for society to remove people from their traditional roles when they become elderly
disengagement theory
theory that elderly people who are busy and engaged, leading fulfilling and productive lives, can be functional for society
activity theory
On average, who lives longer in terms of race-ethnicity and gender?
white females
What accounts for the race-ethnicity differnces of aging?
the different occupations and family sizes and where the people were born
prejudice and/or discrimination based on age and, like all prejudices, is fueled in part by stereotypes
ageism
examples of ageism
elderly seen as perpetually lonely, sad, infirm, forgetful. dependent, senile, old-fashioned, inflexible, and embittered.
what is contributing to the “elder explosion” sweeping across the globe today
industrialized nations of the world
how is globalization changing the treatment of the elderly throughout the world?
As more and more live to old age, resepct for them has tended to decline.
example of elder explosion?
in japan men and women remain active well into old age because business policies often support postretirment work with teh same company one worked for before retirement