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### 14 Cards in this Set

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 What is the difference between weather and climate? Weather is the day-to-day conditions. Climate is the kind of weather a place has over a period of time. What is weather? -daily high and low temperatures -wind direction and speed -the amount of precipitation (rain, sleet, or snow) What is the Earth's axis? An imaginary line running through the Earth from the North Pole to the South Pole. The Earth is always spinning on its axis. How long does it take the Earth to make 1 rotation? One day. Which direction does the Earth rotate? West to East. This is what causes day and night. Rotation A complete turn of the Earth on its axis from west to east. It takes 1 day to rotate. Revolution A complete trip of the Earth around the sun. It takes 1 YEAR to make a revolution. What do you call the path that the Earth follows around the sun? The Earth's orbit. It takes 1 YEAR to revolve around the sun. Which movement of the Earth causes day and night? The Earth's ROTATION on its axis. It takes 1 day. What causes seasons (winter,spring summer and fall)? The tilt of the axis as the Earth moves around the sun. How does distance from the equator affect climate? Places close to the equator get more of the sun's direct rays and more heat. Areas closer to the equator have warmer climates. What conditions affect climate? 1. Distance from the equator. 2. Distance from large bodies of water. 3. Elevation How can large bodies of water affect climate? Land cools off and heats up more quickly than water. Land near an ocean will stay cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter even if it is the same distance from the equator. How does elevation affect climate? Places at higher elevations (such as mountain areas) are usually cooler than places at lower elevations.