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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Catholic
all-embracing
icon
a holy picture of Jesus Christ or the saint
Justinian Code
a set of laws, written by the Byzantine emperor Justinian, that serve the Byzantine Empire for hundreds of years
monopoly
complete control or ownershi[
mosaic
a picture made from bits of colored stone or glass
orthodox
in religion, supported and accepted by tradition
patriarch
a church leader
astrolabe
an instrument that helped sailors navigate using the position of the stars.
caliph
a "successor" to Muhammah
Islam
the religion of Muslims, based on belief in one God, or Allah
minaret
a tower on top of a mosque, from which the faithful and called to prayer
mosque
an Islamic house of worship
Muslim
a follower of Islam
Qur'an
the holy book of Islam
Shiite
a group of Muslims who stayed loyal to the descendants of the fourth caliph, Ali, during the eighth century
steppe
semi-dry plain that produces some grasses and thorny plants
Sunni
a group of Muslims who accepted the changing dynasties of Muslim Empire during the eighth century
bubonic plague
a deadly sickness spread throughout Europe in the 1340's by fleas on rats; (Black Death)
Christendom
the community of Christians from all kingdoms and nations
contract
a written agreement
crusader
a Christian soldier who fought to free the Holy Land from Muslim Turks in the Middle Ages.
feudal system
a system of trading loyalities for protection in the Middle Ages
Magna Carta
The document the English nobles forced King John to approve in 1215, limiting the king's power and protecting the rights of the people
manor
a large block of land made up of forests, meadows, farmland, a village, a church, and the house or castle of the noble who owned it all
Middle Ages
the period of European history that lasted from about A.D. 500 to 1500.
nation-state
a country with a strong central government and a single ruler and usually a common history and culture
pope
the leader of the Roman Catholic Church
serf
a peasant who worked on a manor
tenant
someone who pays rent to a landowner
vassal
in the Middle Ages, a noble who agreed to perform services for the king in return for being given the use of land