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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The change from an agrarian society to one based on industry which began in Great Britain and spread to te United States around 1800.
Industrial Revolution
Economic system of the United States.
People are free to buy and sell and produce whatever they want. They can also work wherever they wish.
Free Enterprise
Scientific discoveries that simplify work.
A simple machine that quickly and effciently removed the seeds from the cotton fiber.
Cotton Gin
This gives an inventor the sole legal right to the invention and its profits for a certain amount of time.
A system bringing manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency.
Factory System
These are identical machine parts that could be quickly put together to make a complete product.
Interchangable Parts
The official counnt of a population.
Toll roads
An artificial waterway
Separate compartments where water levels were raised or lowered.
Loyalty to their region.
Federal, state, and privately funded projects such as canals and roads
Internal Improvements
This system included a protective tariff; a program of internal improvements especially the building of roads and canals, to stimulate trade; and a national bank to control inflation and to lend money to build developing industries.
American System
The removal of weapons
A border without armed forces.
Demilitarized [Border]
Tried by a military court
Why did the Industrial Revolution began in New England?
The soil was poor. Farming difficult. People leave their farms to find work.
Who introduced the use of interchangeable parts?
Eli Whitney
What was a result of the industrial growth of the 1800's?
Easier to produce things cheaper and more efficient.
What are the elements of making a profit?
Competition, private property, profit, economic freedom
What was the Second Bank of the United States? When was it charted?
The Second Bank of the United States in 1816.
How did the use of steamboats effect shipping of goods?
Cheaper and faster
How did canals effect shipping?
East and Midwest joined so they could travel from one side of a country to another.
National Road
Connected Maryland and Illinois- east to west
How and with who did Pioneers migrate west with?
Traveled w/ conestoga wagons traveled w/ people from their home communities
What was the Era of Good Feelings?
The absence of major political divisions after the war of 1812 because no major conflicts.
Who was John C. Calhoun and what did he support?
A planter; South Carolina; warhawk and nationalist
Who was John Quincy Adams?
Massachusettes; Son of John Adams
What was the Missouri Compromise?
Official in March 1820 provided for admission of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
What was the Tariff of 1816?
Protected American industries from foreign competition.
Who was Henry Clay?
Speaker of the House of Representitives and Delagation.
Andrew Jackson
General who invaded Spanish and East Florida
Miguel Hidalgo
Rebellion against Spanish government.