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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
history
the recorded events of people
prehistory
(before history)period of time in the past before writing was invented
archaeologist
scientists who examine objects to learn about the past people and cultures
oral tradition
stories passed down by word of mouth
historian
people who study the written record of human life
The Iceman of the Alps
was discovered in 1991 by two hikers; lived before written records were kept; his clothing, tools, and body were used as clues to learn about his life
nomad
person who travels from place to place in search of food; they do not have a settled home
fertile
when soil contains substances that plants need to grow
domesticate
tame
East Africa
area where volcano erupted and scientists found evidence of early human footprints preserved in stone
New Stone Age
began in Southwest Asia when humans learned to grow their own food
Old Stone Age
during this time, people lived by hunting animals and gathering food
irrigation
network of canals to supply land with water from another place
surplus
more than needed
artisan
workers who have a special skill
canal
trench filled with water that allowed humans to transport items from place to place
civilization
a society that has cities, a central government run by offical leaders, and workers who specialize in various jobs.
social class
groups/classes of people with similar backgrounds, wealth, and ways of living