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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Spotlight Effect
The belief that others are paying more attention to one's appearance and behavior than they really are.
Illusion of Transparency
The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others
self-concept
A person's answers to the question, "who am I"?
self-schema
Beliefs about self that organize and guide the processing of self-relevant information
self-reference effect
The tendency to process efficiently and remember well information related to oneself.
Possible Selves
Images of what we dream of or dread becoming in the future
Social Comparison
Evaluating one's abilities and opinions by comparing oneself with others.
Individualism
The concept of giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications.
Collectivism
Giving priority to the goals of one's groups (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity accordingly.
Interdependent Self
Construing one's identity in relation to others.
Impact Bias
Overestimating the enduring impact of emotion-causing events.
Immune Neglect
The human tendency to neglect the speed and the strength of the "psychological immune system", which enables emotional recovery and resilience after bad things happen.
Dual Attitudes
Differing implicit (automatic) and explicit (consciously controlled) attitudes toward the same object. Verbalized explicit attitudes may change with education and persuasion; implicit attitudes change slowly, with practice that forms new habits.
self esteem
A persons's overall self-evaluation or sense of self worth.
Self-Efficacy
A sense that one is competent and effective, distinguished from self-esteem, one's sense of self-worth. A bombardier might feel high self-efficacy and low self-esteem.
Locus of Control
The extent to which people perceive outcomes as internally controllable by their own efforts and actions or as externally controlled by chance or outside forces.
Learned Helplessness
The hopelessness and resignation learned when a human or animal perceives no control over repeated bad events.
Self-Serving Bias
The tendency to perceive oneself favorably.
Self-Serving Attributions
A form of self-serving bias; the tendency to attribute positive outcomes to oneself and negative outcomes to other factors.
Defensive Pessimism
The adaptive value of anticipating problems and harnessing one's anxiety to motivate effective action.
False Consensus Effect
The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one's opinions and one's undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors.
False Uniqueness Effect
The Tendency to underestimate the commonality of one's ability and one's desirable or successful behaviors.
Group Serving Bias
Explaining away outgroup members positive behaviors; also attributing negative behaviors to their dispositions (while excusing such behavior by one's own group)
Self-Handicapping
Protecting one's self-image with behaviors that create a handy excuse for later faliure
Self-Presentation
The act of expressing oneself and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression or an impression that corresponds to one's ideals.
Self-Monitoring
Being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting one's performance to create the desired impression.