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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Psychoanalytic
Freaud's theory emphasizing unconscious motivation
Social Role
Set of social norms about a person in a particular social position should behave
Interpendence
Occurs when two or more people influence one anothers feelings, thoughts, or behaviors
Evolutionary
Analysis of human behavior in terms of evolution and natural selection
Socialization
Process of acquiring the rules, standards, and values of a group.
Salience
Attention is drawn to bright, noisy, colorful, unusual, and novel stimuli
Halo Effect
A liked person is assumed to have many other good qualities
Covariation
Judgments of how strongly two things are related
Discounting Principle
Tendency to de-emphasize the role of one particular cause to the extent that other plausable causes exist
Dual Processing
People can process information in a careful, systematic fashion or in a more rapid, efficient fashion
Actor-Observer Bias
Observers overestimate the importance of an actor's dispositions for causing the actors behavior; actors overestimate the importance of the situation in explaining their own behavior
Central Trait
A trait that is associated with many of a persons other characteristics
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
The tendency for peoples expectations to create reality
Exemplar
An example of a category that embodies the significant attributes or ideal of the category
Schema
An organized system or structure of congnitions about a person, group, place, or things
Heuristic
A shortcut for problem solving that reduces complex or ambiguous information to more simple judgemental operations
Primacy
Using an initial impression to interpret subsequent information
Self-Affirmation
People cope with specific threats to their self-worth by reaffirming unrelated aspects of themselves
Self-Esteem
The value one places on oneself
Self-Concept
The collection of beliefs we hold about ourselves
Self-Complexity
The number of dimensions that people use to think about themselves
Self-Verification
Seeking out and interpreting situations that confirm one's self-concept