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51 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
methods for examining social research data w/o converting them to numerical format are referred to as _______.

qualitative analysis


which of the following are different ways a researcher may look for patterns in a particular research topic?

frequencies
magnitudes structures ALL OF THESE CHOICES 

______ is a component of the gtm in which observations are compared with one another and with the evolving inductive theory.

constant comparative method


______ is a commonly defined as the science of signs and has to do with symbols and meanings

Semiotics


t/f
qualitative research is undertaken for descriptive purposes never for explanatory purposes 
FALSE


t/f
qualitative and quantitative analyses are incompatible 
FALSE


t/f
Concept mapping can be used for either quantivative and qualitative analysis 
TRUE


the grounded theory method begins with _______.

observations


The process of converting data to numerical format is called ________.

quantification


which of the following are basic approaches to the coding process?

can being w/ a well developed coding scheme.
you can generate codes from your data both A and B are correct. 

a ______ is a document that describes the locations of variables and lists the assignments of codes to the attributes composing those variables.

codebook


the ______ is an average computed by summing the values of several observations and dividing by the number of observations.

mean


which of the following are aimed at explanation?

multivariate analysis
bivariate analysis BOTH A and B 

the multivariate techniques can serve as powerful tools for _______.

diagnosing social problems.


college has 9 apartments. what is the median of 7,8,9,11,12,13,14,15,17

12


what is the mean of 7,8,9,11,12,13,14,15,17

11.8


a ____
describes locations of variables lists codes assigned to attributes on each variable. gives identifier of the variable should contain full definition of the variable 
a code book should do ALL OF THESE


the most frequent attribute, in either grouped or ungrouped data, is the _______.

MODE


t/f
whereas univariate analysis and subgroup comparisons focus on the descriptions of the people under study, the focus of bivariate analysis in on the relationships among the vairables themselves. 
TRUE


a description of the number of times that the various atributes of a variable are observed is called a _______.

frequency distribution


______ measures the central tendency can be used at any level of measurement.

MODE


t/f
a codebook is a guide for locating variables and interpreting codes in one's data file. 
TRUE


_____ is the applied branch of mathematics especially appropriate to a variety of research analyses.

Statistics


gamma is composed of:

the number of pairs having the same ranking on two variables and having the opposite ranking on the two variables.
both A and B 

a ________ permits the estimation of values on one variable from values on the other.

regression line


which type of statistics assists researchers in drawing conclusions from their observations?

inferential statistics.


an appropriate measure of association for determining the strength of the relationship between religious affiliation and sex.

Lambda


t/f
the proportionate reduction in error is related to the strength of the relationship between two variables. 
True


pearson's R is a measurment of association that is applied to _______.

Ratio and interval


_______ are statistical measures used for making inferences from findings based on sample observations to a larger population.

inferenal statistics


t/f
chi square is based upon a comparison of observed frequencies with the frequencies that would be expected if there was no relationship between variables 
TRUE


t/f
descriptive statistics include both the summarization of univariate distributions and the summarizations of associations between two or more variables 
TRUE


if one wished to examine the relationship between education and income with age held constant, an appropriate technique would be _______.

partial regression


at .05 level of significance means that:

there is only a 5% change that the statistics value could be obtained as a result of sampling error only.


a _____ hypothesis assumes that there is no relationship between two variables.

Null


which statistics can be used to determine whether or not there is statistically significant relationship between two variables in a contingency table?

Chi Square.


_____ analysis represents changes in a variable over time.

times series


__________ is an appropriate measure of association for determining the strength of the relationship between two nominal variables.

Lambda


To examine the relationship between two variables, with another variable held constant, what would be an appropriate technique?

partial regression analysis


what is the difference between univariate and bivariate comparisons?

Univariate – simplest form, describes case in terms of one single variable
Bivariate – subgroup comparison, describes case in terms of 2 variables simultaneously. 

What is “the proportionate reduction in error”?

Logical model for assessing the strength of relationship by asking how much knowing values on one variable would reduce our errors in guess the values on other.


How is a bivariate table read?

Comparing independent variable subgroups in terms of an attribute of the dependent variable


What does a measure of dispersion describe?

Way values are distributed around some central value


24) What do qualitative researchers use the computer for?

Data storage, find data, store notes, analyze data


What are the four stages of the constant comparative method?

–comparing incidents applicable to each category
 integrating categories and their propertires  delimiting the theory  writing the theory 

What is concept mapping used for and what type of research is it appropriate for?

Putting concepts in graphical formats. Can be used for both qualitative and quantitative.


______ is a form of regression analysis that allows relationships among variables to be expressed with curved geometric lines instead of straight ones.

curvilinear regression


_______ is a form of regression analysis in which the effects of one or more variables are held constant, similar to the logic of elaboration model

partial regression


______ is a form of statistical analysis that seeks the equation representing the impact of two or more independent variables on a single dependent variable

multiple regression


_____ is a form of multivariate analysis in which the casual relationships among variables are presented in graphical format

path analysis


________ is based on camping variations between and within groups and determining whether between group differences could reasonably have occurred in simple random sampling or whether they likely represent genuine relationship the variables involved.

analysis of variance (aka ANOVA)
