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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Women as a minority status
unequal treatment
women are distinguished from men on the basis of observable physical and cultural traits
membership is involuntary (ascribed status)
the emergence of group solidarity – feminism
unique characteristic - subordination is often defined within marriage
Sexism
ideology that systematically provides the justification for oppression on the basis of one’s sex
Gender Roles
expectations of proper behavior, attitudes and activities associated with being male and female maintained through socialization
Seneca Falls
A womans rights convention started by Elizabeth Stanton
19th Amendment
Gave women the right to vote
Occupational Segregation
women cant have certain jobs
What type of women are increasing workload
women with children are working more
Glass Ceiling
Women can see the future opportunities but can never reach that job
Second shift
women with families have there real job and then come home to a family so its a second job
Wage Gap
Women do not make as much money as men do
Mommy Tax
Women cant make as much money in their lifetime because so much money goes to taking care of the family or not being able to work
"Passing"
The homophobia of the 1950s and the resulting stigma and harm that could result from openness about their sexual preference led many homosexuals to adopt a low profile
Homophobia
an irrational fear of gay people
Stonewall Inn
A place that started the gay lesbian liberation in New York City
Bowers v. Hardwick
restricted oral and anal sex between homosexuals
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell"
You can be in the military as long as you don't say that you're homosexual
Lawrence v. Texas
Overruled the Bowers case by legalizing homosexual acts as long as it's in private
Current Homosexual problems
Hate Crimes and marriage rights
Disability definition
as any physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, such as breathing, hearing, learning, seeing, speaking, taking care of oneself, walking, or working. (1/5 of ppl disabled)
Medical Model
illness or disability, being the result of a physical condition, and which is intrinsic to the individual (it is part of that individual’s own body), may reduce the individual's quality of life, and causes clear disadvantages to the individual.
What is fluvestrant?
Blocks estrogen- breast cancer
Independent Living
and a worldwide movement of people with disabilities who proclaim to work for self-determination, self-respect and equal opportunities.
Rehabilitation Act
prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs
Americans with Disabilities Act
civil rights law that prohibits, under certain circumstances, discrimination based on disability.
% 65 and higher
1990 4%
2007 13%
Ageism
prejudice, aversion or even hatred toward the old
Sandwich Generation
generation of people who care for their aging parents while supporting their own children.
AARP
counts 35 million members, highest voter registration and voter turnout
Age Discrimination Employment Act ADEA
attempted to limit age discrimination
Age Discrimination Act
abolished mandatory retirement in most occupations, but companies force their older workers to retire by other means
Racism
hatred or intolerance of another race or other races.
Prejudice
an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
Discrimination
treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category
Ethnocentrism
The belief that you're ethnicity is better than any other ethnicity
Stereotyping
An oversimplified generalization attributing certain traits or characteristics to a group without regard to individual differences.
Minority group
Relative power and status in society
Not numerical representation
Minority = subordinate
Minority Group Characteristics
Unequal treatment and less power
Identifiable physical or cultural traits
Ascribed status
Awareness of subordinate status
In-group marriage (endogamy)
Dominant Group Responses to Minority Groups
Legislative controls
Segregation
Expulsion
Hate crimes
Annihilation
Minority group responses
Avoidance
Defiance
Deviance
Acceptance
Most common ancestry in US
Germans (1/5)
Scapegoating
practice of singling out one child, employee, member of a group of peers, ethnic or religious group, or country for unmerited negative treatment or blame.
Social Distance
Created by social discrimination
Sojourners
Live temporary in an area then return home with money
Assimilation
A minority group becoming more like the majority group throughout time
Amalgamation
diverse peoples blend their biological and cultural differences into an altogether new breed—the American
A+B+C=D
Pluralism
minorities can maintain their distinctive subcultures and simultaneously interact with relative equality in the larger society
A+B+C=A+B+C
Instutionalized Racism
The unequal treatment of subordinate groups inherent in the ongoing operations of society’s institutions
1964 Civil Rights Act
utlawed major forms of discrimination against blacks and women, including racial segregation.
De jure Segregation
segregation that is imposed by law
De facto Segregation
"by fact" segregation, not a rule
Functionalist perspective
The arrival of large groups of people as desirable: will help forge a civilization.
Conflict Perspective
focuses on the use and abuse of power.
Interactionist Perspective
Industrialization, urbanization, economic exploitation, and other factors created the social problems regarding the southern, central, and eastern European immigrants, but the native born tended to see only the symptoms manifested in the immigrant communities.