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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a peoples way of life
Culture
People who interact in a defined territory and share a culture
Society
Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
Cuture shock
Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture
Symbol
A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another
Language
The process by which one generation passes culture to the next
Cultural transmission
The idea that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language
Sapir-Whorf thesis
Culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living
Values
Specific ideas that people hold to be true
Beliefs
Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
Norms
Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance
Mores (More-Ehs)
Norms for routine or casual interaction
Folkways
Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
Technology
The use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation for food
Hunting and gathering
The use of hand tools to raise crops
Horticulture
The domestication of animals
Pastoralism
Large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy sources
Agriculture
The production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery
Industry
The production of information using computer technology
Postindustrialism
Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
High culture
Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population
Popular culture
Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population
Subculture
A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the U.S. and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions
Multiculturalism
The dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns
Eurocentrism
Emphasizing and promoting African cultural patterns
Afrocentrism
Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society
Counterculture
The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system
Cultural integration
The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system
Cultural lag
The practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture
Ethnocentrism
The practice of judging a culture by its own standards
Cultural relativism
Traits that are part of every know culture
Cultural universals
A theoretical approach that explores ways in whic human biology affects how we create culture
Sociobiology
Why is culture a way of life?
-Culture is shared by members of a society
-Culture shapes how we act, think, and feel
Why is culture a human trait?
Although several species display a limited capacity for culture, only human beings rely on a culture for survival
Why is culture a product of evolution?
As the human brain evolved, culture replaced biological instincts as our species' primary strategy for survival