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120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Function of Skeletal System
1. Movement
2. Protection
3. Support
4. Mineral Storage
5. Make Blood Cells
Make blood Cells
Hematopoesis
End of bone
epiphysis
Shaft of Bone
Diaphysis
Dense outer shell of bone
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Cancellous Bone
Arches of Spongy Bone
Trabeculae
Thin epithelial tissue on bone
periostium
Weight of skeleton at adult size
35 - 45 pounds
Mature bone cell
osteocyte
bone cell destroyer
osteoclasts
baby bone cells
osteoblasts
bone-to-bone
ligaments
bone-to-muscle
tendons
Forehead
Frontal
top sides of head
parietal
back of head
occipital
sides of head
temporal
top jaw
maxilla(e)
bottom jaw
mandible
bony protrusion by the ear
mastoid process
cheek bone
zygomatic (arch)
Hole at base of skull
foramen magnum
Suture between frontal and parietal
coronal suture
suture between parietal and parietal
sagittal suture
suture between parietal and occipital
lambdoidal suture
suture between temporal and parietal
squamosal suture
tongue bone
hyoid bone
Muscles of tongue that change its shape
intrinsic
muscles that push tongue out
extrinsic
flap of skin that holds tongue in
lingual frenulum
flap of skin that holds lips in
labial frenulum
# of cervical vertebrae
7
# of thorasic
12
# of lumbar vertebrae
5
# of sacral vertebrae
5 - fused into 1
# of caudal vertebrae
3-5 fused into coccyx
sacro-iliac joint is made of:
hyaline cartilage
invertebral disks are made of:
fibrocartilidge
superior end of sternum
manubrium
middle of sternum
gladiolus
cats sternum is composed of
individual sternabrae
formal name for ribs
costals
# of costals
12
# of costals NOT connected to sternum
2
name of unconnected costals
"floating" ribs
purpose of "floating" ribs
to protect kidneys
costal cartilage is made of:
hyaline
2 places where elastic cartilage is found:
- inner ear
- trachea
Pectoral Girdle is composed of:
arms + shoulder + collar bone
collar bone
clavicle
most frequently broken bone in body
clavicle
shoulder bone
scapula
socket of shoulder joint
glenoid fossa(e)
superior protrusion to shoulder joint
acromion process
bone of upper arm
humerus
pit on back of humerus that prevents arm from move than a 180 degree angle
Olecranal fossa(e)
ulna's articulation point with humerus
olecranal
medial bone in arm
ulna
lateral bone in arm
radius
bone in arm with a round proximal head
radius
# of wrist bones
8
wrist bones
carpals
most medial carpal
pisiform
sesmoid of the wrist
pisiform
palm bones
metacarpals
# of metacarpals
5
proper name for fingers
digits
# of phalanges per digit and total
3 for each finger
2 for thumb
14 total
formal name for thumb
pollex
The pelvic girdle is composed of:
the hips and legs
Latin for "I have no name"
Innominate
name for full pelvic structure
innominate
broad flat area of hip
illum
most superior part of hip
illac crest
anterior (ventral) inferior hip bone
pubis
posterior (dorsal) inferior hip bone
ischium
pad of cartilage between both pubis bones
pubic symphysis
The pubic symphysis is made of:
fibrocartilage
hole made between pubis and ischium
obturator foramen
hip socket
acetabulum
gender with greater hip angle
female
gender with lesser hip angle
male
purpose of obturator foramen
a passageway for nerves, arteries, and veins into leg
longest, strongest, and heaviest bone in body
femur
superior Lateral process of femur
greater trochanter
superior medial process of femur
lesser trochanter
inferior medial process of femur
medial epicondyle
inferior lateral process of femur
lateral epicondyle
formal name for knee cap
patella
3 "stony" bones
- pisiform
- patella
- sesmoid
larger foreleg bone
tibia
smaller foreleg bone
fibula
lateral foreleg bone
fibula
medial foreleg bone
tibia
where patellar ligament attaches to a calf bone
tibial tuberosity
type of cartilage patellar ligament is made of
hyaline
# of tarsal bones per foot
7
# of metatarsals per foot
5
Location of tarsal bones
ankle
location of metatarsals
sole of foot
heel bone
calcaneus
formal name(s) for Achilles tendon
- tendocalcaneous
- calcaneal tendon
# of digits on each foot
5
# of phalanges per foot
14
formal name for big toe
hallux
small inferior bone on metatarsal
sesmoid
purpose of sesmoid bone (of foot)
to balance
rounded top tarsal bone
talus
bone where tibia articulates with foot
talus
color of active blood cell producing tissue
red
color of inactive blood cell producing tissue
yellow
what makes yellow bone marrow yellow?
higher fat content
function of red bone marrow
to produce red and white blood cells (hematopoeisis)
where is red bone marrow found?
in flat bones and spongy ends of bones
Bone is made of (the compounds)
- Calcium Carbonate CaCO3
- Calcium Phosphate Ca3(PO4)2
Where is yellow bone marrow found?
inside hollow shaft of compact bone (diaphysis)
What is used as a basic buffer in blood?
CO3-2 (from the CaCO3 in bone)
What is used as an acid buffer in blood?
H2CO3 - Carbonic Acid (H2O + CO2)
Where cancellous bone is found?
ends of bones (epiphysis)