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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dislike by many because he was Roman Catholic
James II
In 1688, Parliament asked _______ and his wife ________ to become rulers of England
William and his wife Mary II
William and Mary were what religion?
Mary II was the daughter of ?
James II
Did _______ and __________ accept the offer to become rulers of England?
Yes..William and Mary
Who fled the country when _____ and _____ accepted the offer to rule England?
James fled the county when William and Mary II accepted the offer to rule England
Event was called the ______________ _________ because there wasno bloodshed
Glorious Revolution
Event showed that Parliament was more piowerful than the monach
Glorious Revolution
At the same time, Parliament passed the ____ __ ________ which increased Parliament's powers and the rights of the people
Bill of Rights
Name the two England political parties
Whigs and Tories
Wanted monarch to have more power than Parliament
Wanted Parliament to have more power than the monarch
England was now a _________ ___________ _________
limited constitutional monarchy
Define limited constitutional monarchy
Monarch's powers limited by the constitution
British constitution, unlike the U.S. one, is not a ________ ________
single document
Today, the real head of the British governmentis the ______ _________
prime minister
England's 13 colonies in America began fighting for independence (Name event)
American Revolution
Who won the American Revolution?
the colonies...duh....yeah...
Beginning the the 1500's, new ideas emerged in science
Scientific Revolution
Well-known scientists
1. Copernicus
2. Galileo
Believed that the earth rotated around the sun rather than the sun rotating around the earth
Believed the teachings of Copernicus
Known for his work with telescopes
Isaac Newton wrote about the law of ______
Also called the Age of Reason
Age of Enlightment
Important philosophers during this period dealt with question:
Whatis the best type of government
Believed that the man had three basic rights: __ _____ and ____
life, liberty and property (John Locke)
he believed in a contract theory of government (defn
government must protect these three rights
who believed that the government must protect the three basic rights of man?
Johne Locke
If a government does not protect these rights, it is broken the contract with the people, and the people should ______ it
Many of Locke's ideas were used in writing the
Declaration of Independence
Promoted the idea of "separation of powers" in goverment
"Separation of powers"
Goverment separated into 3 branches
Nane the three different branches of a separation of powers government
legislative, executive, judicial
said that each branch should check on the other two branches
the balancing of the three branches is called
"checks and balances"
"checks and balances" would help
prevent any of the 3 branches from gaining too much power
his ideas were used in the US constitution
Montesquieu (LOCKE'S was in the Declaration of Independence)
Emphasized freedom of speech
supposedly said" i disapprove of what you have to saym but i will defend to the death your right to say it"
said "man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains"
said people shoudl control their own government (democracy)
define "deists:
Believed God created man but that he was not concerned with man's dialy life..God was like a watchmaker that made the workd and then letit run itself
defeat of the spanish armada
Glorious Revolution
late 1600's -1700's
Age of Enlightment