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15 Cards in this Set

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THREE FIFTH COMPROMISE
every five people in a state would count as three free persons for determining both representation and taxes
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON
founder of LIBERATOR
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY
ending slavery wouldn't end racism = best to send back African Americans back to Africa = Liberia = 1200 moved back = most considered us as home, high cost
FREDERICK DOUGLASS
published NORTH STAR, NARRATIVE OF TEH LIFE OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS, escaped slavery in MD
COMPROMISE OF 1850
stephen douglass
1. CA = free state
2. popular sovereignty determine slave issue = UT, NM
3. TX border dispute NM resolved, received $10 million
4. slave trade (not itself) abolished in district of columbia
5. strong federal enforcement of Fugitive Slave Act
FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT
1. a person claiming that an African American had escaped from slavery had ONLY TO POINT OUT THAT PERSON AS A RUNAWAY to take him or her into custody
2. accused then would be brought before a federal commissioner
3. ONLY NEEDED WHITE WITNESSES was all a court needed to order the person sent south
4. accused had NO RIGHT TO TRIAL, NOT ALLOWED TO TESTIFY
FINANCIAL INCENTIVE FOR FLA
$5 for disagreeing with slaveholder
$10 for agreeing with slaveholder
Law required citizens and federal marshals to help capture fugitives
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN
book published in 1852 by Harriet Stowe: about enslaved hero, Tom, and the villanious oversser, Simon Legree and shows horror of slavery
KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT 1854
douglass proposed to UNDO MO COMPROMISE and allow slavery in the region
divided the region in to 2
NE=free KA=slavery
DREDD SCOTT DECISION
enslaved man whose MO slaveryholder taken him to free territory before returning to MO. Sued to end his slavery, assisted by abolitionists. Taney ruled against him: african american were not citizens = couldn't sue BUT pointed out MO compromise ban slavery above MO border. Supreme Court said federal gov. CANT PROHIBIT SLAVERY IN FREE SOIL
JOHN BROWN & RAID ON HARPER'S FERRY
abolitionist who planned to seize federal arsenal @ Harper's Ferry, and free/arm enslaved people and START INSURRECTION. US marines ended the rebellion by capturing Brown. convicted him and sentenced hiim to death.
SUCESSION ORDER
Lower South: SC started followed by MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX in 1861
Upper South: VA started followed by Ak, NC, TN
they didn't want to war
Jefferson Davis
President of Confederacy
Former senatator of MS
FALL OF FORT SUMTER
lincoln announced that he intended to resupply FT.SUMTER, Davis decided to take it before supply ship come, Union troops surrenderd
CIVIL WAR BEGAN
YEARS OF WAR
1861~1865