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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PROPERTY
a characteristic used to identify matter
CHEMICAL
property that cannot be identified unless a chemical reaction has occured
COMPOUND
pure substance that can be decomposed to its elements
PRECIPITATE
solid formed from mixing of two liquids during a chemical reaction
DENSITY
the mass per unit volume of a substance
PHYSICAL
property which can be identified without changing the nature of the substance
ELEMENT
pure substance composed of atoms that can't be broken down
COMPOUND
composed of more than one type of particle
PROTONS
positively charged particles
VOLUME
the amount of space an object occupies
CHEMICAL CHANGE
change that results in the formation of a new substance
MATTER
any substance with mass and volume
REACTANTS
the materials needed during a chemical reaction, found on the left side of a chemical equation
PRODUCTS
the materials formed after a chemical reaction, found on the right side of a chemical equation
NOBLE GASES
the elements in group 18
ALKALINE - EARTH METALS
the elements in group 2
ALKALI METALS
the elements in group 1
HALOGENS
the elements in group 17
VALENCE
electrons in the outermost energy level
GROUP/FAMILY
a vertical column on the periodic table
PERIOD
the horizontal row on the periodic table
FRICTION
transfers electrical charges when 2 objects are rubbed together
INDUCTION
a charged object is brought near but not touching a neutral object
CONTACT
one object is already charged. The other object may or may not be charged. In order to transfer it must be touching
CURRENT
a continuous flow of electrons
STATIC
electricity type caused by a build up of electric charge
REPEL
how like charges behave towards one another
ATTRACT
how unlike charges behave towards one another
CONDUCTORS
these materials have lots of free electrons
NEGATIVE
charge present on an ebonite rod rubbed with fur
CIRCUIT
a closed path through which electrons move
RESISTORS
the propety of a material that prevents the motion of electrons
POWER
the rate of using up energy
SERIES CIRCUIT
circuit type in which there is only one path for electrons to flow
PARALLEL CIRCUIT
circuit type in which there are many paths for electrons to flow
PARALLEL
type of circuit in which
Is = I1 + I2 + I3 + I4 etc.
SERIES
type of circuit in which
Vs = V1 + V2 + V3 + V4 etc.
ELECTROSTATICS
the study of static electricity
DISCHARGE
a rapid release of electrons from a charged object
OHM's LAW
the law that explains the relationship between potenial difference, current, and resistance
MITOSIS
process of producing somatic (body) cells
PROPHASE (P)
mitosis stage in which the chromosomes become short and thick
ANAPHASE (A)
mitosis stage in which the chromosomes move to opposite poles of the cell
METAPHASE (M)
mitosis stage in which the chromosomes line up at the center of the cell
INTERPHASE
duplication of DNA occurs at this stage of the cell cycle
XX
the 23rd chromosome pair's pattern in a normal female
XY
the 23rd chromosome pair's pattern in a normal male
KARYOTYPE
chart that shows all chromosomes that an individual possesses
HOMOLOGUS PAIRS
chromosome pairs that line up at the beginning of meiosis 1
FSH
hormone which stimulats the production of eggs
PROGESTERON
hormone released by the corpus luteum
TESTOGERONE
hormone responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
CELL
the basic unit of life
MENOPAUSE
the time in a woman's like when her ovaries stop producing ova (eggs) and there is no loss of blood and tissue monthly
OVULATION
process of releasing the egg from the follice
DIPLOID
cells with the complete set of chromosomes
HAPLOID
cells with half the number of chromosomes of a somatic cell
FALLOPIAN TUBES
site where fertilization of the ovum occurs
EPIDIDYMIS
site where sperm are stored and matured
SPERM
this structure has a long tail to move the sperm forward
ENDROMETRIUM
structure where the zygote implants
OVARIES
female gonads
TESTES
male gonads
VAGINA
birth canal of baby
INNER PLANETS
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
OUTER PLANETS
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
ASTERIOD BELT
the physical feature that seperates the inner and outer planets
Which planet is the brightest in the night sky?
Venus
Which planet has the fastest rotational period?
Mercury
Which planet has the shortest orbital period?
Mercury
Hottest planet?
Venus
Coldest planet?
Neptune
The planet with the great red spot?
Jupiter
What is the great red spot?
A hurricane
The planet with the dark spot?
Neptune
Planets with rings?
Outer planets:
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Largest planet?
Saturn
Smallest planet?
Mercury
What is gravity?
A force
ASTRONOMY
the study of the universe
AU
distance measurement used for distances within our solar system
LIGHT YEAR
the distance light travels in one year