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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
aa
Slow moving type of lava that hardens and forms rough chunks
atoll
A ring shaped coral isl.
compaction
the process by which sediments are pressed together under height
controlled expirement
an expirement in which all factors except one are kept constant
deposition
process by which sediment is laid down
foliated
describes metamorphic rock that grains are arranged in parallel layers or bands
inorganic
not formed from living things
mineral
naturally occuring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition
pyroclastic flow
expulsion of ash, cinders, bombs, and gases during an explosive volcanic explosion
sediments
small solid, pieces of material that come from rock and organisms
tsunami
a large wave produced by and earthquake
prime meridian
line that makes a half circle around north to south ple and passes throung, greenwich england
permeable
characteristics of a material that is full of tiny connect air spaces
basalt
drak, dense igneous rock w/ fine texture that found inoceanic crust
base
isolated buliding a building mounted on bearings designed to absord enerygy of earthquake
batholith
mass of rock formed when magma cools in crust
caldera
large hole at top of volcanow formed when the roof of chamber collapses
cementation
process by which dissolved mineral crystalize and glue particles of sediment together
compression
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
Continental Drift
that the continents move slowly across earth's surface
convection current
movemtn of fluid, caused by differences in temperature that transfers heat to another part