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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
audience
the reader or readers for whom something is written
brainstorming
a way to focus a writing topic by listing any thoughts that come to mind about the topic
charting
a way to organize and classify ideas and information by gathering them under different headings
checklist
a list of items, such as tasks or topic details, that can be used as an organizer and as a reference source
chronological order
the arrangement of events in the order in which they occur in time
clustering
a way to explore ideas by gathering details related to the specific writing topic
compare
to explain how two or more things are alike
conference
a meeting between the writer and a partner or a teacher, or in a group, to ask and answer questions about the writing in progress, with the purpose of improving it
contrast
to explain how two or more things are different
description
a piece of writing that creates a clear and vivid picture of a person, place, or thing
detail sentences
sentences that tell more about the main idea of a paragraph
diagram
a visual or graphic presentation of information; often used to organize information during prewriting.
venn diagram
particularly useful for comparing and contrasting
drafting
the act of capturing ideas on paper; a stage in the process of writing during which the writer gets his or her basic ideas down on paper
elaboration
a writing strategy in which facts, examples, reasons, images, and other details are added to a piece of writing in order to give the topic fuller treatment
entertaining writing
writing, often humorous or suspenseful, that amuses, intrigues, diverts, or engages the reader for the particular purpose of entertainment
explanation
writing that presents the facts about a subject in a clear and logical way
expositiory writing
writing that presents information to a reading in a clear, accurate, complete, and coherent way
freewriting
a way to generate ideas by simply writing continuously for a specified time, without stopping to elaborate or to correct errors
instructions
an explanation or set of directions for how to do something. steps arranged logically
letter
way to communicate informally or formally
friendly
6 parts and is personal in nature
business letter
6 parts, written to an audience often unknown to the writer
listing
way to organize your thoughts by writing them down and putting them in order
logical order
arrangement of ideas in an order that makes sense
outline
way to organize topic related ideas in order in which they will be discussed (research report)
paragraph
a section of written work consisteing of one or more sentences on a single subject or idea and beginning on a new and indented line
personal narrative
writing in which the writer tells about something that happened in his or her life
persuasive writing
encourages an audience to share the writer's beliefs, opinions, or point of view
prewriting
stage in the writing process: writer chooses an audience, purpose, topic, explores: ideas, researches and organizes material before drafting