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29 Cards in this Set

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sphincter
a muscle shaped like a donut that squeezes togetherto stop unwanted urinefrom going into the urethra
capsule
hollowuter portion of the nephron
medulla
the inner tissue of a kiney
cortex
the tough protective outer layer of a kidney
renal vein
major blood vessel that brings claened blood from the kidneys to the rest of the body
liver
an organs that is part of the excretory sysetem that is part of the excretory system because itr breaks down parts that can be excreted
skin
an organ that allows salts and water to be exreted through pores
lungs
organs that excrete carbon dioxide
renal artery
major blood vessel that bring wastes filled blood to the kidneys
urethra
small tude through which urine flows from the body
excretion
the process by which wastes are removed from the body
urea
a chemicial that comes from the breakdown of protiens and that is removed from the body by the kidneys contains lots of nitrogen because of proteins
kidney
a major organ of the excretory system elliminates uera, excess water, and other waste materials
carbon dioxide
a waste gas excreted by the lungs
filters
what the excretorysystem does to the blood
dialysis
using a machine to filter blood
nly use when kidney's aren't working
bile
a fluid produced by liver to brak down fats and protiens
liver
an organ that breaks down protiens to parts that can be excreted
skin
an ogan that allows water and salts to be excreted though pores
glucose
a sugar used by the body to make energy normally reabsorded from urine in the nephron becuase it is so useful
salts
a waste excreted though sweat
lungs
an organ that excrets carbon dioxide
water
a liquid that can be excreted or reabvsorbed depending on your diet
renal artery
major blod vessel that brings waste filles blood to the kidneys
protien
nutrients that produce wastes when your body brakes them down
urine
a watery fluid produced by the kidneys that contains urea and other waste materials
ureters
narrow tudes that carry urine from th kidneys to the bladder
urinary bladder
a sack like muscle that stores urine until it is ready to be eliminated. it is an organ
nephron
one of a million tiny fitration sturctures that are found inside the kidneys. thay remove watses from blood and produce uirne