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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

foresaken or deserted
unrestrained or uncontrolled; unhibited
utterly lacking in moral restraints; shameless, wicked

an abandoned building; an abandoned kitten
She danced with abandoned enthusiasm.
an abandoned and dissolute ruler

Synonyms: discarded, rejected
Accusation (Accuse)

the charge of wrongdoing; imputation of guilt or blame
the specific offense charged
the act of accusing or state of being accused

The accusation is murder.

Synonyms: allegation, indictment, information
Ambiguity (Ambiguous)
noun, plural: -ties

doubtfulness or uncertainty of meaning or intention
an unclear, indefinite, equivocal word, exression, meaning, etc.

to speak with ambiguity; an ambiguity of manner
a contract free of ambiguities; the ambiguities of modern poetry

Synonyms:vagueness, deceptiveness
Analyze (Analyst)
verb(used with object): -lyzed, -lyzing

to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize)
to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of
to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc.
to subject to mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc. analysis
to psychoanalyze

to analyze an argument
to analyze a poem
a patient who has been analyzed by two therapists

Synonyms: break down
Antagonize(-ist, -ism, -istic)
verb(used with object)

to make hostile or unfriendly; make an enemy or antagonist of
to act in opposition to; to oppose

verb(without object)

rare. to act antagonistically

His speech antagonized many voters.

Synonyms: alienate; anger; annoy; counteract; estrange; insult; irritate; neutralize; offend; repel; struggle; work against
Architect (Architecture)

a person who engages in the profession of architecture
a person professionally engaged in the design of certain large constructions other that buildings and the like
the deviser, maker or creator of anything

verb (used with objects)

to plan, organize, or structure as an architect

landscape architect; naval architect
the architects of the Constitution of the United States.
The house is well architected.

Synonyms: artist, builder, creator, designer, draftsman, engineer, inventor, maker, master builder, originator, planner, prime mover

of keen penetration or discernment; sagacious
clever; cunning; ingenious; shrewd

an astute analysis
an astute merchandising program; an astute manipulation of facts

Synonyms: smart, quick, perceptive
artful, crafty, wily, sly

a process of photographic printing, used chiefly in copying architectural and mechanical drawings, which produces a white line on a blue background.
a print made by this process
a detailed outline or plan of action

verb (used with object)

to make a blueprint of or for

a blueprint for success

Synonyms: plot, sketch
noun, plural: -ries

something that indicates bounds or limits; a limiting or bounding line.
also called frontier. Mathematics. the collection of all points of a given set having the property that every neighborhood of each point contains points in the set and in the complement of the set.
Cricket. a hit in which the ball reaches or crosses the boundary line of the field on one or more bounces, counting four runs for the batsman. Compare six

the boundary between two towns

Synonyms: border, frontier

a closely woven, heavy cloth of cotton, hemp, or linen, used for tents, sails, etc.
a piece of this or similar material on which a painting is made
a painting on canvas
a tent, or tents collectively
sails collectively
any fabric of linen, cotton, or hemp of a coarse loose weave used as a foundation for embroidery stitches, interlining, etc.
the floor of a boxing ring traditionally consisting of a canvas covering stretched over a mat


under canvas--nautical, with set sails
in tents, in the field

the troops under canvas

Synonyms: tarp, awning cloth, tenting
comic (comedy, comedian)

of, pertaining to, or characterized by comedy
of or pertaining to a person who acts in or writes comedy
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of comedy
provoking laughter; humorous; funny; laughable


a comedian
comic book
comics, comic strips
the comic, the element or quality of comdy in literature, art, drama, etc

comic opera
a comic actor; a comic dramatist
comic situations; a comic sense
An appreciation of the comic came naturally to her.

Synonyms: comedian, quipster, absurd, facetious, droll, jocular
compassion (-ate)

a feeling of deep sympathy and sorrow for another who is stricken by misfortune, accompanied by a strong desire to alleviat the suffering

verb (used with object)

Archiac. to compassionate

to have compassion for

Synonyms: commiseration, mercy, tenderness, heart, clemency, sympathy
compete (competition, competitive)
verb (used without object)

to strive to outdo another for acknowledgment, a prize, supremacy, profit, etc.; engage in a contest; vie

to compete in a race
to compete in business

Synonyms: struggle, contend, contest
complex (complexity)

composed of many interconnected parts; compound; composite
characterized by a very complicated or involved arrangement of parts, units, etc.
so complicated or intricate as to be hard to understand or deal with
GRAMMAR: (of a word) consisting of two parts, at least one of which is a bound form, as childish, which consists of the word child and the bound form -ish; complex sentence
MATHEMATICS: pertaining to or using complex numbers


an intricate or complicated association or assemblage of related things, parts, units, etc.
PSYCHOLOGY: a system of interrelated, emotion-charged ideas, feelings, memories, and impulses that is usually repressed and that gives rise to abnormal or pathological behavior
a fixed idea; an obsessive notion
MATHEMATICS: an arbitrary set of elements of a group; a collection of simplexes having specified properties
Also called coordination compound CHEMISTRY: a compound in which independently existing molecules or ions of a nonmetal (complexing agent) form coordinate bonds with a metal atom or ion. Compare ligand
BIOCHEMISTRY: an entity composed of molecules in which the constituents maintain much of their chemical identity

verb (used with object)

CHEMISTRY: to form a complex with

verb (used without object)

CHEMISTRY: to form a complex

a complex highway system
complex machinery
a complex problem
complex methods; complex vector space
the entire complex of our educational system; an aparment complex
receptor-hormone complex, enzyme-substrate complex

Synonyms: knotty, tangled, labyrinthine
network, web, tangle, labyrinth

of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive
comprehending mentally; having an extensive mental range or grasp
INSURANCE: covering or providing broad protection against loss


often, comprehensives. also called comprehensive examination. an examination of extensive coverage given to measure a student's general progress, proficiency in his or her major field of study, or the like.
the detailed layout of an advertisement, showing placement of photographs, illustrations, copy, etc., as for presentation to a client. Compare visual

a comprehensive study of world affairs

Synonyms: broad, wide, extensive, full

a settlement of differences by mutual concessions; an agreement reached by adjustment of conflicting or opposing claims, principles, etc., by reciprocal modification of demands
the result of such a settlement
something intermediate between different things
an endangering, esp. of reputation; exposure to danger, suspicion, etc.

verb (used with object)

to settle by a compromise
to expose or make vulnerable to danger, suspicion, scandal, etc
OBSOLETE: to bind by bargain or agreement, to bring to terms

verb (used without object)

to make a compromise or compromises
to make a dishonorable or shameful concession

The split-level is a compromise between a ranch house and a multistoried house.
a compromise of one's integrity
a military oversight the compromised the nation's defenses
The conflicting parties agreed to compromise.
He is too honorable to compromise with his principles.

Synonyms: accommodation, accord, adjustment, arrangement, bargain, compact, composition, concession, contract, copout, covenant, deal, fifty-fifty, settlement, trade-off, understanding, win-win situation
condemn (condemnation)
verb (used with object)

to express an unfavorable or adverse judgment on; indicate strong disapproval of; censure
to pronounce to be guilty; sentence to punishment
to give grounds or reason for convicting or censuring
to judge or pronounce to be unfit for use or service
U.S. LAW: to acquire ownership of for a public purpose, under the right of eminent domain
to force into a specific state or activity
to declare incurable

to condemn a murderer to life imprisonment
His acts condemn him.
to condemn an old building.
The city condemned the property.
His lack of education condemned him to a life of menial jobs.

verb (used without object)

to come into collision or disagreement; be contradictory, at variance, or in opposition; clash
to fight or contend; do battle


a fight, battle, or struggle, esp. a prolonged struggle; strife
controversy; quarrel
discord of action, feeling, or effect; antagonism or opposition, as of interests or principles
a striking together; collision
incompatibility or interference, as on one idea, desire, event, or activity with another
PSYCHIATRY: a mental struggle arising from opposing demands or impulses

The account of one eyewitness conflicted with that of the other.
My class conflicts with my going to the concert.
conflicts between parties
a conflict of ideas
a conflict in the schedule

Synonyms: collide, oppose
encounter, siege, fight
contention, opposition
Confusion (Confused)

the act of confusing
the state of being confused
disorder; upheaval; tumult; chaos
lack of clearness or distinctness
perplexity; bewilderment
embarrassment or abashment
PSYCHIATRY: a disturbed mental state; disorientation
ARCHAIC: defeat, overthrow, or ruin

The army retreated in confusion.
a confusion in his mind between right and wrong
The more difficult questions left us in complete confusion.
He blushed in confusion.

Synonyms: distraction
turmoil, jumble, mess, disarray
shame, mortification
noun, plural: -suses

majority of opinion
general agreement or concord; harmony

The consensus of the group was that they should meet twice a month.

Synonyms: accord, concord, concurrence, consent, harmony, unanimity, unison, unity

existing, occurring, or living at the same time
of about the same age or date
of the present time


a person belonging to the same time or period with another or others
a person of the same age as another

Newton's discovery of the calculus was contemporary with that of Leibniz.
a Georgian table with a contemporary wig stand
a lecture on the contemporary novel

Synonyms: coexistent, concurrent, simultaneous

the feeling with which a person regards anything considered mean, vile, or worthless; disdain; scorn
the state of being despised; dishonor; disgrace
LAW: willful disobedience to or open disrespect for the rules or orders of a court or legislative body; an act showing such disrespect

contempt of court

Synonyms: disdain, scorn
Convention (Conventional)

a meeting or formal assembly, as of representatives or delegates, for discussion of and action on particular matters of common concern
U.S. POLITICS: a representative party assembly to nominate candidates and adopt platforms and party rules
an agreement, compact, or contract
an international agreement, esp. one dealing with a specific matter, as postal service or copyright
a rule, method, or practice established by usage; custom
general agreement or consent; accepted usage, esp. as a standard of procedure
BRIDGE: any of a variety of established systems or methods of bidding or playing that allows partners to convey certain information about their hands

the convention of showing north at the top of a map

Synonyms: assembly, conference, convocation
pact, treaty

informal interchange of thoughts, information, etc., by spoken words; oral communication between persons; talk; colloquy
an instance of this
association or social intercourse; intimate acquaintance
criminal conversation
the ability to talk socially with others
OBSOLETE: behavior or manner of living, close familiarity; intimate acquaintance, as from constant use or study

She writes will but has no conversation.

Synonyms: dialogue, chat
Corrective (Correct, Correction)

tending to correct or rectify; remedial


a means of correcting; corrective agent

corrective exercises

Synonyms:antidotal, counteracting, curative, curing, disciplinary, palliative, penal, punitive, reformatory, rehabilitative, remedial, restorative, therapeutic
Critic (Critical, Criticism, Criticize)

a person who judges, evaluates, or criticizes
a person who judges, evaluates, or analyzes literary or artistic works, dramatic or musical performances, or the like, esp. for a newspaper or magazine
a person who tends too readily to make captious, trivial, or harsh judgments; faultfinder

a poor critic of men

Synonyms: reviewer, judge
censurer, carper
Debate (Debatable)

a discussion, as of a public question in an assembly, involving opposing viewpoints
a formal contest in which the affirmative and vegative sides of a proposition are advocated by opposing speakers
deliberation; consideration
ARCHAIC: strife; contention

verb (used without object)

to engage in argument or discussion, as in a legislative or public assembly
to participate in a formal debate
to deliberate; consider
OBSOLETE: to fight; quarrel

verb (used with object)

to argue or discuss (a question, issue, or the like), as in a legislative or public assembly
to dispute or disagree about
to engage in formal argumentation or disputation with (another person, group, etc.)
to deliberate upon; consider
ARCHAIC: to contend for or over

a debate in the Senate on farm price supports
When we left, the men were still debating.
I debated with myself whether to tell them the truth or not.
They debated the matter of free will.
The homeowners debated the value of a road on the island.
Jones will debate Smith. Harvard will debate Princeton.
He debated his decision in the matter.

Synonyms: argument, controversy, disputation, contention
dispute, contend
Deceit (Deceitful, Deceive)

the act or practice of deceiving; concealment or distortion of the truth for the purpose of misleading; duplicity; fraud; cheating
an act or device intended to deceive; trick; stratagem
the qualtiy of being deceitful; duplicity; falseness

Once she exposed their deceit, no one ever trusted them again
a man full of deceit

Synonyms: deception, dissimulation
guile, gypocrisy, duplicity, fraud, trickery
verb (used with object)

to ward off attack from; guard against assault or injury (usually fol. by from or against)
to maintain by argument, evidence, etc.; uphold
to contest (a legal charge, claim, etc.)
LAW: to serve as attorney for (a defendant)
to support (an argument, theory, etc.) in the face of criticism; prove the validity of (a dissertation, thesis, or the like) by answering arguments and questions put by a committee of specialists
to attempt to retain (a championship title, position, etc.), as in a competition against a challenger

verb (used without object)

LAW: to enter or make a defense

The sentry defended the gate against sudden attack.
She defended her claim successfully.
He has defended some of the most notorious criminals.

Synonyms: shelter, screen, shield, garrison, fortify, guard, preserve, protect
Defined (Definable, Definition)
verb (used with object)

to state or set forth the meaning of (a word, phrase, etc.)
to explain or identify the nature or essential qualities of; describe
to fix or lay down definitely
to determine or fix the boundaries or extent of
to make clear the outline or form of

verb (used without object)
to set forth the meaning of a word, phrase, etc.; construct a definition

They disagreed on how to define "liberal."
to define judicial functions
to define one's responsibilities
to define property with stakes
The roof was boldly defined against the sky.

Synonyms: state, name, describe, detail, enumerate
verb (used with object)

to ask for with proper authorit; claim as a right
to ask for peremptorily or urgently
to call for or require as just, proper, or necessary
LAW: to lay formal legal claim to; to summon, as to court

verb (used without object)

to make a demand; inquire; ask


the act of demanding
something that is demanded
an urgent or pressing requirement
ECONOMICS: the desire to purchase, coupled with the power to do so; the quantity of goods that buyers will take at a particular price
a requisition; a legal claim
the state of being wanted or sought for purchase or use
ARCHAIC: inquiry; question


ON DEMAND: upon presentation or request for payment

He demanded payment of the debt.
He demanded sanctuary. She demanded that we let her in.
This task demands patience. Justice demands objectivity.
demands upon one's time
The demands of the client could not be met.
an article in great demand
The fee is payable on demand.

Synonyms: exact, claim, require
verb (used with object)

to laugh at in scorn or contempt; scoff or jeer at; mock

He derided his student's attempt to solve the biggest problem in mathematics."

Synonyms: taunt, flout, gibe, banter, rally, ridicule

a region so arid because of little rainfall htat it supports only sparse and widely spaced vegetation or no vegetation at all
any area in which few forms of life can exist because of lack of water, permanent frost, or absence of soil
an area of the ocean in which it is believed no marine life exists
(formerly) any unsettled area between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains thought to be unsuitable for human habitation
any place lacking in something


of, pertaining to, or like a desert; desolate; barren
occurring, living, or flourishing in the desert
designed or suitable for wear in the desert, as cool, protective clothing
often, deserts: reward or punishment that is deserved
the state or fact of deserving reward or punishment
the fact of deserving well; merit; virtue

The Sahara is a vast sandy desert.
The town was a cultural desert.
a desert tribe; a desert palm
a big, wide-brimmed desert hat
None of his friends had deserted him.
Many deserted during the food shortage.
Troops were deserting to the enemy.
to get one's just deserts

Synonyms: waste, wilderness
abandon, forsake

verb (used with object)

to leave (a person, place, etc.) without intending to return, esp. in violation of a duty, promise, or the like
(of military personnel) to leave or run away from (service, duty, etc.) with the intention of never returning
to fail (someone) at a time of need

verb (used with object)

to forsake or leave one's duty, obligations, etc. (sometimes fol. by from, to, etc.)
(of military personnel) to leave service, duty, etc., with no intention of returning
Destroy (Destruction)
verb (used with object)

to reduce (an object) to useless fragments, a useless form, or remains, as by rending, burning, or dissolving; injure beyond repair or renewal; demolish; ruin; annihilate
to put an end to; extinguish
to kill; slay
to render ineffective or useless; nullify; neutralize; invalidate
to defeat completely

verb (used without object)

to engage in destruction

The ancient manuscripts were destroyed by fire.

Synonyms: smash, level, waste, ravage, devastate, demolish, raze, extirpate, annihilate, uproot
verb (used with object)

to settle or decide (a dispute, question, etc.) by an authoritative or conclusive decision
to conclude or ascertain, as after reasoning, observation, etc.
GEOMETRY: to fix the position of
to cause, affect, or control; fix or decide causally
to give direction or tendency to; impel
LOGIC: to limit (a notion) by adding differentiating characteristics
CHIEFLY LAW: to put an end to; terminate
to lead or bring (a person) to a decision
to decide upon

verb (used without object)

to come to a decision or resolution; decide
CHIEFLY LAW: to come to an end


resolute; staunch
decided; settled; resolved
GRAMMAR: (of a phonetic feature) predictable from its surrounding context

Demand for a product usually determines supply.
the determined defenders of the Alamo

Synonyms: resolve, adjust, decide
induce, lead, incline
inflexible, unfaltering, unwavering
Digress (Digression)
verb (used without object)

1. to deviate or wander away from the main topic or purpose in speaking or writing; depart from the principal line of argument, plot, study, etc.
2. ARCHAIC: to turn aside

She always digresses when telling a story.

Synonyms: ramble, stray, deviate
verb (used with object)

1. to injure the credit or reputation of; defame
2. to show to be undeserving of trust or belief; destroy confidence in
3. to give no credence to; disbelieve


4. loss or lack of belief or confidence; disbelief; distrust
5. loss or lack of repute or esteem; disrepute
6. something that damages a good reputation

an effort to discredit honest politicians
Later research discredited earlier theories.
There was good reason to discredit the witness.
His theories met with general discredit.
This behavior will be a discredit to your good name.

Synonyms: disparage, disgrace, tarnish, undermine

1. a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection, poisons, nutritional deficiency or imbalance, toxicity, or unfavorable environmental factors; illness; sickness; ailment
2. any abnormal condition in a plant that interferes with its vital physiological processes, caused by pathogenic microorganisms, parasites, unfavorable environmental, genetic, or nutritional factors, etc.
3. any harmful, depraved, or morbid condition, as of the mind or society
4. decomposition of a material under special cirumstances


5. to affect with disease; make ill

His fascination with executions is a disease.
tin disease

Synonyms: morbidity, complaint, derangement, distemper, indisposition, infirmity, disorder, malady
verb (used with object)

1. to pay no attention to; leave out of consideration; ignore
2. to treat without due regard, respect, or attentiveness; slight


3. lack of regardor attention; neglect
4. lack of due or respectful regard

Disregard the footnotes.
to disregard an invitation

Synonyms: ignore, insult, slight, inattention, oversight, disrespect
Distort (Distortion)
verb (used with object)

1. to twist awry or out of shape; make crooked or deformed
2. to give a false, perverted, or disproportionate meaning to; misrepresent
ELECTRONICS: to reproduce or amplify (a signal) inaccurately by changing the frequencies or unequally changing the delay or amplitude of the components of the output wave

Arthritis had distorted his fingers.
to distort the facts

Synonyms: pervert, misconstrue, twist, falsify, misstate, misrepresent

1. a witten or printed paper furnishing information or evidence, as a passport, deed, bill of sale, or bill of lading; a legal or official paper.
2. any written item, as a book, article, or letter, esp. of a factual or informative nature.
3. a computer data file
4. ARCHAIC: evidence; proof

verb (used with object)

5. to furnish with documents
6. to furnish with references, citations, etc., in support of statements made
7. to support by documentary evidence
8. NAUTICAL: to provide (a vessel) with a certificate giving particulars concerning nationality, ownership, tonnage, dimensions, etc.
OBSOLETE: to instruct

a carefully documented biography
to document a case

Synonyms: corroborate, verify, substantiate, validate
Dominate (Dominance, Dominant)
verb (used with object)

1. to rule over; govern; control
2. to tower above; overlook; overshadow
3. to predominate, permeate, or characterize
4. MATHEMATICS: (of a series, vector, etc.) to have terms or components greater in absolute value than the corresponding terms or components of a given series, vector, etc.
5. LINGUISTICS: (of a node in a tree diagram) to be connected with (a subordinate node) either directly by a single downward branch or indirectly by a sequence of downward branches

verb (used without object)

6. to rule; exercise control; predominate
7. to occupy a commanding or elevated position

A tall pine dominated the landscape.

Synonyms: boss, command, control, detract from, dictate, direct, domineer, eclipse, handl, head, influence, lead, manage, master, monopolize, outshine, overbear, overrule, overshadow, predominate, preponderate, prevail, prevail over, reign, rule, run, subject, subjugate, superabound, sway, tyrannize
Doubt (Doubtful)
verb (used with object)

1. to be uncertain about; consider questionable or unlikely; hesitate to believe.
2. to distrust.
3. Archaic. to fear; be apprehensive about.

verb (used without object)

4. to be uncertain about something; be undecided in opinion or belief.


5. a feeling of uncertainty about the truth, reality, or nature of something.
6. distrust.
7. a state of affairs such as to occasion uncertainty.
8. Obsolete. fear; dread.


9. beyond the shadow of a doubt, with certainty; definitely. Also, beyond a doubt, beyond doubt.
10. in doubt, in a state of uncertainty or suspense
11. no doubt, a. probably.
b. certainly
12. without doubt, unquestionably; certainly.

His appointment to the position is still in doubt.
There is not doubt an element of truth in what you say.

Synonyms: mistrust, suspect, question, indecision, irresolution
Elect (Election, Electorate)
verb (used with object)

1. to choose or select by vote, as for an office
2. to determine in favor of (a method, course of action, etc.).
3. to pick out; choose
4. THEOLOGY: (of God) to select for divine mercy or favor, esp. for salvation.

verb (used without object)

5. to choose or select someone or something, as by voting


6. selected, as for an office, but not yet inducted (usually used in combination following a noun)
7. select or choice
8. THEOLOGY: chosen by God, esp. for eternal life


9. a person or the persons chosen or worthy to be chosen
10. THEOLOGY: a person or persons chosen by God, esp. for favor or salvation

to elect a mayor
First-year students may elect French, Spanish, or German.
the governor-elect
an elect circle of artists
the elect

Synonyms: choose

1. an affective state of consciousness in which joy, sorrow, fear, hate, or the like, is experienced, as distinguished from cognitive and volitional states of consciousness.
2. any of the feelings of joy, sorrow, fear, hate, love, etc.
3. any strong agitation of the feelings actuated by experiencing love, hate, fear, etc., and usually accompanied by certain physiological changes, as increased heartbeat or respiration, and often overt manifestation, as crying or shaking.
4. an instance of this.
5. something that causes such a reaction

the powerful emotion of a great symphony

Synonyms: feeling
Endurance (Endure)

1. the fact or power of enduring or bearing pain, hardships, etc.
2. the ability or strength to continue or last, esp. despite fatigue, stress, or other adverse conditions; stamina
3. lasting quality; duration
4. something endured, as a hardship; trial.

He has amazing physical endurance.
His friendships have lettle endurance.

Synonyms: patience
verb (used with object)

1. to raise to a higher degree; intensify; magnify
2. to raise the value or price of

The candlelight enhanced her beauty.
Rarity enhances the worth of old coins.

Synonyms: elevate
Evaporate (Evaporation)
verb (used without object)

1. to change from a liquid or solid state into vapor; pass off in vapor.
2. to give off moisture.
3. to disappear; vanish; fade

verb (used with object)

4. to convert into a gaseous state or vapor; drive off or extract in the form of vapor
5. to extract moisture or liquid from, as by heat, so as to make dry or to reduce to a denser state
6. to cause to disappear or fade; dissipate

His hopes evaporated.
The warm sun evaporated the dew.
to evaporate fruit
His involvement in the scandal evaporated any hope he had for a political career.

Synonyms: vaporize, evanesce, dehydrate, dry
Exclude (Exclusive)
verb (used with object)
1. to shut or keep out; prevent the entrance of
2. to shut out from consideration, privilege, etc.
3. to expel and keep out; thrust out; eject

Employees and their relatives were excluded from participation in the contest.
He was excluded from the club for infractions of the rules.

Synonyms: bar, prohibit, except, omit, preclude, reject
Expand (Expansion)
verb (used with object)

1. to increase in extent, size, volume, scope, etc.
2. to spread or stretch out; unfold
3. to express in fuller form or greater detail; develop
4. MATHEMATICS: a. to write (a mathematical expression) so as to show the products of its factors. b. to rewrite (a mathematical expression) as a sum, product, etc., of terms of a particular kind

verb (used without object)

5. to increase or grow in extent, bulk, scope, etc.
6. to spread out; unfold; develop
7. to express something more fully or in greater detail (usually fol. by on or upon)

Heat expands most metals. He hopes to expand his company.
A bird expands its wings
to expand a short story into a novel
to expand a function in a power series
The mind expands with experience.
The buds had not yet expanded.
to expand on a statement

Synonyms: extend, swell, enlarge, increase, dilate, distend, inflate
Generosity (Generous)
noun, plural-ties

1. readiness or liberality in giving.
2. freedom from meanness or smallness of mind or character.
3. a generous act
4. largeness or fullness; amplitude.

We thanked him for his many generosities.

Synonyms: munificence, bountifulness, nobleness, magnanimity
Hedonism (Hedonist, Hedonistic)

1. the doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the highest good
2. devotion to pleasure as a way of life

The later Roman emperors were notorious for their hedonism.

Synonyms: sensualism, libertinism, debauchery, dissipation, carousal
Hypocrisy (Hypocrite, Hypocritical)
noun, plural-sies

1. a pretense of having a virtuous character, moral or religious beliefs or principles, etc., that one does not really possess.
2. a pretense of having some desirable or publicly approved attitude.
3. an act or instance of hypocrisy.

The priest's blatant hypocrisy disgusted me.

Synonyms: deceit
noun, plural-ses

1. a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts.
2. a proposition assumed as a premise in an argument.
3. the antecedent of a conditional proposition.
4. a mere assumption or guess.

Before conducting his experiment, the scientist made a hypothesis as to what he believed would happen.

Synonyms: theory
Illusory (Illusion)

1. causing illusion; deceptive; misleading
2. of the nature of an illusion; unreal

Secret activities offer presidents the alluring but often illusory promise that they can achieve foreign policy goals without the bothersome debate and open decision that are staples of democracy.

Synonyms: fallacious, specious, false, imaginary; visionary, fancied