Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/78

Click to flip

78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Galba
First in the year of the 4 emperors. June 68 - Jan 69. Refused to bribe praetorians.
Vitellius
3rd of 4 emperors (apr - dec'69). Proclamied by the armies of the Rhine. Had to fight Otho for rome. Disbanded praetorian guard.
OTHO
2/4. (Jan - Apr 69) Killed Galba. was defeated by Vitellus
VESPASIAN
4/4 (69 - 79). First of the flavians. Helped invade britan. Helped put down jews in 66. Had M. Antonius Primus defeate vitellius in NE italy. Reformed the tax system. Created discipline and security after the civil wars. Finished the jewish war and put donw a revolt in Gaul.
IMPERATOR
word for the emperor. if declared by your soliders - you have started a revolt
PRINCIPATE
title for the ceasar
TITUS
79 - 81. Flavian. Ended Jewish Rebellion for Vespasian. Son of Vespasian.Stopped treason trials - good empereor.
FIRST JEWISH WAR
Vespasian then Titus. Burned down the temple - Jews lost centrality/state.
MASADA
- Pleatau the Zealots (jews) defended. Used to make raids.
FLAVIANS
Vespasian, titus, domitian - 69 -96
FLAVIAN AMITHEATER
the collesum - started under vespasian (70/2) finished under titus(80). 45,000 - 50,000 capacity. Gladiators.Big fire in rome in 64
DOMITIAN
Last flavian. 81-96. Economic recession. raised taxes. Public works. Weak militarialy All around bad emperor. Regin of terror - assissination
TACITUS
Annals (agustus - nero) and the Histories (4 emperors and flavians).
DACIA
Modern day romania. conquered 85-89. (domitian)
IUS LATII
Latin right. Intermediate between citizenship and nothing. Protection of law but could not vote.
NERVA
1st of 5 good emperors 96-98. Ended reign of terror. Got sick and died.
TRAJAN
98-117 - fought in dacia. 2/5. Selected due to capabilities. Conquered Nabatea and Armenia and Parthia. 116 Max extent of the empire. Had to stop due to failing health and internal revolts.
PLINY
he younger. Got a letter told not to kill Christians. first time not considered a sect of judaisim.
HADRIAN
117 - 138. Massive wall in britan. 3/5 good. Subdued jewish revolt. Antoher revolt (132-5) Fortified borders. Hellenophile. Travelled - Improved infrastructure.
ANTONINUS PIUS
138 - 161. 4/5. Never left italy. Some unrest - but peaceful.
MARCUS AURELIUS
Obiwan. 161 - 169 (verus)- 177(solo) - 180 (commodus). 5/5 good emperors- stoic - Fought parthia and germany and gaul -almost constatnly at war. needed two emporos to deal with 2 wars.
COMMODUS
177-192 little crazy - thought of himself as hurculues.
BAR KOKHBA
led the second jewish revolt
SEUTONIUS
Lives of the 12 ceasars - Ceasar - Domitian. Appearnce, omens, family history, quotes, then hisotry.
HADRIANS WALL
80 miles. 122-130 Guard posts and gates in intervals. part of a bigger program.
ANTONINES
Pius and Aurelius - Super good and skilled.
ATELLAN FARCE
buffonish comedy. Atella an oscan town in campania.
CIRCUS MAXIMUS
Hippodrome - Chariots, hugley popular, 250k spectators.
GLADIATORS
professional fighters, not as much death as you'd think (unless tehy were slaves). Sometimes animals fought in the collesum.
TRAJAN'S BATHS
begun 104. massive baths and leisure complex. built over nero's golden palace.
QUINTILLIAN
rhetoric, education,
SECOND SOPHISTIC
Greek writers popular from Nero until 230AD.
JUVENAL
roman poet. dactylic hexameter. Satire.
MEDITATIONS
Aurelius. denial of emaiton which will free man.logical benevolent force orginized the universre. NO EMOTION. - allows others to over power you.
PARTHIA
conquers a lot by trajan.
DAMNATIO MEMORAIE
damnation of memeory - given to traitros by the senate. makes it so the person never existed. ex posfacto on unpopular emperors.
PERTINAX
192-193 (86 days) - Didn't bribe the praetorian guard enough. sold off commodus' stuff to pay them eventually. was killed over pay issues
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
193-197(competition)-211(alone and with sons) - soldier, had to fight off others claiming to be emperor.poor relations with the senate. new preatorian gaurd. stamped out curruption under commodus. Figurehead for various praefecti.
SASSANID
last big persian empire before islam.
CARACALLA
211-217 - killed Geta. paied legionares better. 212 granded citizenship to freemen increased taxes to pay soliders.
CASSIUS DIO
roman history - 80 books 983 years (took 22 to write), arrival of aneas to 229. More detail after ceasear.
ELAGABALUS
218 -222. disregard for tradition. eccentirc, contrversial. sex crazy
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
222 - 235 - Last of the syrian emperors. Moral. encouraged culture, reduced taxes.
CORPUS JIRIS CIVILIS
body of civil law - codex justininanus 529-534, byzantine.
Constitutio Antoniniana
Caracalla. Full citizenship to freemen. increase tax revenue and legion avalibility.
PERPETUA
3rd century Christian martyr w/ felicitas (slave). Carthage,22yearold.
DIOCLETIAN
284 - 286 - 305 (in the east) - End to the crisis of the 3rd century. Dominate (as opposed to principate), Tetrarcy. Rhine and Egypitian invasions, split empire in two. Augusts in the east/west Caesar in the east/west. Capitol no longer in rome.
AGE OF CIRSIS
economic collapse, invasions, civil awr.
BARRACKS EMPERORS
Low class commoners. Border commanders. Paid troops with public seziure of propers - hurt economy. Maximinus thrax, gordian I Gordian ii, Pupienus and Balbinus, Gordian III, etc.
GALLIENUS
Ruled with Valerian. Junior emperor from 253 - 260. Secession of Gaul. Mobile cavalry
AURELIAN
270 - 275, Took over Palmyrene (transpalestine), and Gallic empriers
POSTUMUS
Gallic emperor. Almost conqured by Gallienus.
SOL INVICTUS
"Undefeated sun god" Worshiped by Aurelian and Constantine.
TETRARCHY
293-313 (MILVIAN bridge), rule of 4 people, Diocletian. Auguststs and Ceasar in the west and in the east. Safe military delegation. Foundation of church and modern burcracy. Diocises.
DOMINATE
27 bc - 476. Diocletian. Importance of Principate and imperial cult. Mirrored persian rule (knelling and such).
FRANKS/ALAMANNI
Group of German tribes (allegedly) defeated by Cracalla Repeated conflicts with Gallienus, and others.
MAXIMIAN
285-6 Ceasar under Diocletian. 286-305 Augustus of hte west. 206- 310, sole agustusts. Froced to retire with Diocletian, Came back when son became Augustus. Allied with constantine.
CONSTANTINIUS
Ceasar in the west under Maximian. Augustus in the west after Maximian's forced retirement.
GALERIUS
Augustus in the East w/ Contantinius. Retired after Maximinus and Constantine I took over and he couldn't conquer italy.
DIOCESE
Imperial division run by a vicarius.
VICARIUS
"deputy" ran a diocese.
MAGISTER
2nd most powerful civilian post. beuracrat for the empire. postal systme, court officer, etc.
GNOSTICISM
light/dark. god as enlightenment. sort of like buhddisim.
MANICHAEANS
iranian religion. dualistic. included many apocriphal christian teachings.
SEVERUS
Was supposed to be Augustus in the west after Constantinus. killed for trying to stop the max's
LICINIUS
On the death of Galerius, in May 311, Licinius shared the entire empire with Maximinus Daia. Went to war with constatnine, prob lost.
MAXENTIUS
Son of Maximian. Ruled with ime. Repelled Galarius. Repelled father. Lost to constantine at battle of Milvian Bridge.
MILVIAN BRIDGE
October 28, 312, Constantine defeats Maxentius with the help of a christian god.
CONSTANTINE
Inappropriately Agustus in 306. Ruled the west. 324 - Sole Agusutus. Constantinople - Christian Rome, new capitol. Edict of Milan, officalized Christianity (sole state religion)
EUSEBIUS
275-339. Historian of the Early Church.
EDICT OF MILAN
declared that the Empire would be neutral with regard to religious worship, officially removing all obstacles to the practice of Christianity and other religions.
DONATISTS
Sect of Christianity that has was harsh on the people who rejected their faith under diocletians persecution.
COUNCIL OF NICENE
Yardstick of Belief. Church Authroity.
CONSTANS
3rd child of constantine. defeated brothers. sole ruler.
CONSTANTINE II
eldest son. defeated by constans at aquileia.
CONSTANTIUNIUS II
second son. killed extended fam after fathers death. died of a fever.
Romulus Augustus
Last western emperor.
Theodoric
took over western empire. leader of visigoths