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58 Cards in this Set

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Ancestral Israel
Abraham Isaac Jacob and Joseph
During the Bronze age a.k.a Bronze age
the establishment of the covenant with God's chosen people.
Exodus and Conquest
1280 B.C. (no sources egyptian sources to validate.)
Conquest of Canaan by Joshua
Rise of the Judges and Priests leads to the demise of centralized government
The rise of Monarchy
the people demanded a king as a defensive measure. They wanted a strong centralized permanent leader to meet Phillistine (A threat to the kingdom)
Not everyone embraced this idea though, Samuel even was iffy.
The Monarchy of the unified kingdom
Saul david solomon
Saul was anointed by Samuel and began his reign in 1020 BC
The offering of an animal sacrifice lost Samuel's support. Only priest could do that.
David
Anointed by Samuel
Embraced by southern tribe of Judah
Moved HQ to neutral site of Jerusalem.
Expansion of kingdom
Fighting over the heir to the throne was major, but Solomon won.
Solomon
Son of David and Bethesda
made alliances with neighboring kings by marriage.

Sought to upgrade the kingdom by elaborate buildings and interbational diplomacy to create a kingdom better than the surrounding kindoms.
Angered the people through his high taxes and forced labor
Left behind a faulty kingdom, but elaborate still
Solomon's Temple
Tribes in the north were dissatisfied.
Rehoboam inherited the throne and changed everything his father had done, because he wasn't happy with the way things were.
Northen tribes then secede, while the southern choose to stay with him.
The secession created two seperate israelite kingdoms.
Divided Kingdom
Northern tribes form Israel, Southern chooses to encompass Jerusalem and form Judah.
Northern tribes elect Jeroboam as king while Rehoboam is still king of south because they want to stay with a descendant of David.
Israel
Although israel is seperate, they both worship the same God as Judah. The worship of YHWH is associated with Jerusalem.
New modes of Worship: new holy sites, new feast days, new priesthood, New symbols of divinity. (ALL REFLECTED IN E SOURCE)
Defeated by the Assyrians in 721.
Judah
Lasted much longer than Israel
Assyrians try to conquer, but withdraw. Sennacherib, king of Assyria, laid siege to Jerusalem with a superiour army, yet failed because the prophet ISAIAH said YHWH has promised deliverance and the cutting down of the evil king. King Manasseh of Judah submits finally submits.
King Josiah initiates religous reforms and renewed worship of YHWH by discovery of scroll.
Babylonians in Judah
Babylonians expand under Nebuchadnezzar who captures Jerusalem.
Babylonians control northern region of israel now because they conquered syria.
The babylonians destroy much of jerusalem, including solomon's temple because they were responding to the rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar.
Things lost in Captivity
Independence, King, Temple, Land
Book of the Covenant
Believed to be Deuteronomy
The scroll found by King Josiah.
The Restoration 6th BC
Persian Empire defeats the babylonians. Persians were led by Cyrus the Great. They free the ISraelites and fund the rebuilding of the "Second Temple of Judaism".
The "Post-exilic period" shows the distinction between Judaism.
Hellenization 333-63 BC
Persian rule Palestine until Alexander the great defeats Persians in 333. They practice a live and let live policy and introduce Hellenistic culture.
Serious challence to Jewish culure and religion.
Septuagint is written
Babylonians in Judah
Babylonians expand under Nebuchadnezzar who captures Jerusalem.
Babylonians control northern region of israel now because they conquered syria.
The babylonians destroy much of jerusalem, including solomon's temple because they were responding to the rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar.
Things lost in Captivity
Independence, King, Temple, Land
Book of the Covenant
Believed to be Deuteronomy
The scroll found by King Josiah.
The Restoration 6th BC
Persian Empire defeats the babylonians. Persians were led by Cyrus the Great. They free the ISraelites and fund the rebuilding of the "Second Temple of Judaism".
The "Post-exilic period" shows the distinction between Judaism.
Hellenization 333-63 BC
Persian rule Palestine until Alexander the great defeats Persians in 333. They practice a live and let live policy and introduce Hellenistic culture.
Serious challence to Jewish culure and religion.
Septuagint is written
Hellenism
Seleucids rule Palestine, forcing hellenism on Jews.
Maccabean uprising in 167. Judas the Maccabean create an independent Jewish state until the Romans come along.
Who takes over the Maccabean uprising, and when?
The romans take over in 63 BC
The Former Prophets
Joshua
Judges
1 and 2 Samuel
1 and 2 Kings
Latter Prophets
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
The Twelve
The Twleve
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
Has Joe Amy Offered Jewish Men New Hair Zany Hair Zany Men
Nevi'im
Prophet, two distinct writings.
the distinction is from the placement of the canon chronology.
Torah
Genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy
Hexateuch
Torah + Joshua
Deuteronomistic History
Deuteronomy + Former prophets. (Joshua Judges 1&2 Samuel 1&2 Kings
DH was written in two stages
during reign of king Josiah and After the fall of Jerusalem
Dh states that
as the faith of the israelites went, so did their nation
The first stage focuses
on disobeying YHWH and the punishment
The Second Stage focuses on
Manasseh, who created false idols and pagan rituals.
Judah is suffering because
the state that Manasseh left it in.
greek prophetes
means to speak before.. giving us our basic definition of of prophecy. Its about discerning God's role n the message.
Joshua
Conquest of the Promised Land
Theories of Conquest
Conquest Model, Migration Model, Social Revolutin theory
The first twelve chapters of Joshua
tell about the military confrontation
the next eight tell
how the land was distributed
The last chapters tell
of joshua saying farewell to the Israelites.
how many cities were given to the Levi's?! and why?!
48, for centers of religious rituals.
Judges
Securing the land: transitinal stage from the leadership of Moses.
The judges were ______ leaders and _____ leaders
Military and charismatic
The key characters in 1&2 Samuel
Samuel Saul David and Solomon
Samuel was ______ while Saul was ______
anti-monarchy Pro-monarchy
1&2 Kings tell about
division and downfall of kingdoms, concern for quality of Israe's religious life as a central theme (prejudiced against northern kingdom)
Israel falls because
It worshipped other gods
Judah prospers under
King Josiah
The Deuteronomistic Historian and the Babylonian Exile attempts to
answer questions about why God had allowed his children to suffer defeats, blames the people not YHWH, and when the worship of YHWH is right, the nation prospers.
Three sub collections of Isaiah
Isaiah of Jerusalem (742-701) Assyrian
Isaiah of the Exile (546-538) Babylonian Exile
Isaiah of the Restoration (538-520) Restoration fo Judah
First Isaiah
chapters 1-39
Written during the time of Assyrian threat
Much in common with minor prophets of 8th
Second Isaiah
Chapters 40-55
Third Isaiah
Chapters 56-66 Encourages those struggling for faith in the absenses of temple and sacrifices.
forms palistrophe
The "Book of the Twelve" again
Has Joe Amy Offered Jewish Men New Hair Zany Hair Zany Malachi
Assyrian Period
Amos, Hosea, Micah
Amos
God will punish surrounding nations for war crimes, Judah for failure to follow the law, and Israel for its mistreatment of poor and their sinfulness
Babylonian period
Zephaniah Jeremiah Nahum Habakkuk Ezekiel Obadiah Second Isaiah
Zany Jewish Niggs have easy ogre sex.
Persian period
Haggai Zechariah Malachi Third Isaiah
Has Zack made thirty