Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1054 C.E.
Date of the split between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy
1933-1945 C.E.
Dates of the Holocaust
1948 C.E.
of the establishment of the state of Israel
380 C.E.
Date when Christianity became the official religion of the Holy Roman Empire
4 BCE
Date of birth of Jesus of Nazareth
570 CE
Date of Muhammad’s birth
610 CE
Date when voice of Gabriel told Muhammad to recite
622 CE
Date when Muhammad left Mecca and traveled to Medina
632 CE
Date of Muhammad’s death
70 CE
Date of destruction of second temple (beginning of Jewish Diaspora and Rabbinic Judaism)
Anthropology
the category of religiology that deals with human nature
Arabic
the language in which the Qur’an is written
Aramaic
The language, besides Hebrew, in which the Talmud is written
Ayat
literally “sign,” also the word for a Qur’anic verse
Balfour Declaration
declaration that there would be a homeland for the Jews in Palestine
Cosmology
Ontological subcategory that has to do with qualities of the earth/universe
Ekklesia
The term that early Christians used to describe themselves, meaning “called out”
Epistemology
The religiological category that deals with sources and interpretations of valid knowledge
Incarnation
the Christian idea of God become flesh, in the person of Jesus of Nazareth
Islam
literally, “surrender” or “submission
IXThUS
acronym that Christians use to describe their theology; literally “fish”
Kabbalah
mystical branch of Judaism
Kashrut
laws within Judaism that deal with proper diet
Katholikos
literally “universal,” a term that is meant to embrace the entire body of Christians
Mecca
birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad
Medina
the place where Muhammad traveled from Mecca
Methodology
religiological category that describes how to fulfill one’s purpose
Midrash
literally “investigation,” Jewish Biblical commentary that includes Halakha and Aggada
Mishnah
literally “repetition,” teachings of the rabbis that were communicated orally
Muslim
literally “one who submits” or “one who surrenders”
Nefesh
within Kabbalah, the “below” component of the soul that inclines away from God and does not have a choice
Neshama
within Kabbalah, the “above” component of the soul that inclines toward God and does not have a choice
Ontology
the religiological category that deals with the nature of reality and has three subcategories
Pentateuch
refers to the five books of Moses—Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
Psychology
the category of religiology that deals with faculties and states of human consciousness
Ruach
within Kabbalah, the “mind” or central component of the soul that does have a choice
Sufism
Islamic mysticism
Sunnah
literally “the example of the prophet,” including Hadith, consensus, and reason
Synoptic
literally “seen together,” this term refers to the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke
TaNaKh
one major understanding of the word “Torah,” an acronym that refers to Torah/Nevi’im/Kutuvim
Teleology
religiological category that refers to the purpose of human life
Theology
subcategory of ontology that refers to beliefs about God/gods/supreme beings
Yiddish
a language spoken commonly among Eastern European Jews
Zohar
the primary Kabbalistic text