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28 Cards in this Set

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what are the three R's of religous liberty?
respect, responsibility, rights
what is the establishment clause?
congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise….
what is the american experiment in a pluralistic democracy?
the idea of trying to teach about religion in public schools, when the schools are made of different cult, ethn, races
what is the "lemon test"?
1) does the policy have a secular purpose?
2) does its primary effect neither inhibit or promote religion
3)it must not foster excessive government entanglement
priciple of neutrality
cannot favor religon over non religion or non religion over religion
Engel v. Vitale
when the school tried to make an official school prayer that was nonsectarian to be recited in class and students could leave>unconstitutional
abington school district v.schempp
the reading of the bible during class everyday> unconstitutional
oligarchy
ruled by a few
agnosticism
belief there is not enough information to prove there is a god or there isnt
atheism
the belief there is no god
pedagogy
teacher
sectarian
not for one religion or another
ex: dear god
plutocracy
the government of the wealthy for the wealthy by the wealthy
pluralism
the theory that there is more than once principle or theory
theism
the belief in a personal involved god
deism
the belief in a distant uninvolved God
democracy
government of the people, for the people, by the people
academic study of religion
- comparing religions
- teaching from an outside perspective
why should we teach about religion?
- it is required in the curriculum
- it helps understand history and literacy
six dimensions of worldviews
doctrinal, mythical, ethical, ritual, experiential, and social
when is the equal access act applicable?
when the school has an open forum, topics include ones outside curriculum
three guidelines of the equal access act
1)nondiscrimination
2)protection of religious speech at student iniated/led meetings
3)local control- "time, place,manner" constrictions
lemon v. kurtzman
allowed public superintendent to reimburse teacher's salaries, text books,material, most were catholic> unconstitutional
westside school district v. mergens
students were not allowed to hold a christian bible study after school> unconstitutional, teacher there just must not be paid
sante fe v. doe
student led prayer at football game> unconstitutional: endorsement of religion
why was the prayer at the football game unconstitutional?
1) nonsectarian might aggrivate
2)people's rights aren't up to a vote
3) game is a school sponsored event
lee v. weisman
prayer led by religious authority (clergy) at graduation> unconstitutional
free exercise clause
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.