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119 Cards in this Set

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AUGUSTINE'S THOUGHTS ON JUST WAR (3)
JUST WAR PREFERABLE TO UNJUST PEACE

CHRISTIANS CAN ONLY USE VIOLENCE TO PROTECT ANOTHER, NOT SELF DEFENSE

GOOD MARRIAGE IS EROS AND PHILA
3 PRINCIPLES OF AQUINAS FOR JUST WAR
1.RIGHT AUTHORITY
2.JUST CAUSE
3.RIGHT INTENTION
DE VITORIA AND SUAREZ ON JUST WAR THEORY
ONLY ENTER INTO WAR AFTER U HAVE EXHAUSTED ALL DIPLOMATIC MEANS (LAST RESORT)
DE VATTEL ON JUST WAR THEORY
WAR IS JUSTIFIED IF PROTECT OWN RIGHTS BY FORCE, SELF DEFENSE
JUS AD BELLUM(6)
LAWS FOR ENTERING WAR:

1.LEGIT AUTHORITY
2.JUST CAUSE
3.RIGHT INTENTION
4.LAST RESORT
5.REASONABLE CHANCE OF SUCCESS
6.ONLY IF AMOUNT OF FORCE WONT EXCEED JUSTICE.
JUS IN BELLO(2)
LAWS WITHIN WAR

1.NON COMBATANT IMMUNITY
(CIVILIANS CANNOT BE TARGETS)

COLLATERAL DAMAGE: INNOCENTS KILLED IN WAR

2. PROPORTIONATE MEANS: USE ACCORDING TO HOW ENEMY IS FIGHTING
GENEVA CONVENTION
WAY SOLDIERS SHOULD PROTECT PRISONERS OF WAR
NON CONVENTIONAL WARFARE
GUERILLA WARFARE
WHO IS A SOLDIER WHO IS A CIVILIAN?
HUMANISTIC INTERVENTIONS
SHOULD U ATTACK A NATION WHO HARBORS TERRORISM?
SIX KINDS OF LOVE
1.EROS:EROTIC SEXUAL, PASSION
2.PHILIA:BROTHERLY FRATERNAL
3.AGAPE:SELFLESS, LOVE PLP FOR WHO THEY ARE
4.SELF LOVE
5.UTILITARIANISM:GREATEST GOOD FOR THE GREATEST #
6.RESPECT
PLATO ON LOVE
PHILOSOPHICAL IDEA OF PERFECT LOVE: APPLIED TO OUR EVERYDAY LIFE, EVEN OBJECTS
WILLIAM MAY: 4 MISCHIEVIOUS THEORIES OF SEX
IT IS SEEN AS:
1.EVIL
2.DIVINE
3.CASUAL
4.NUISSANCE
ARISTOTLE ON LOVE
MADE DISTINCTION B/W LOVE OF OBJECTS AND PEOPLE
FRIENDSHIPS (3)
1.GOOD (UNEQUAL)
2.PLEASANT
3.USEFUL(CONVENIENCE)
KANT ON LOVE AND FRIENDSHIP
TREAT PLP AS ENDS TO THEMSELVES, NOT FOR WHAT THEY CAN OFFER U B.C THEY ARE RATIONAL THINKING CREATURES
ETHICS (2)
1.ANALYSIS OF WHAT IS RIGHT AND WRONG
2. THE DECISIONS, ACTIONS AND POLICIES BASED ON DETERMINING IT.
RESPECT FOR PERSONS (2)
1.INDIVIDUALS TREATED AS AUTONOMOUS AGENTS
2.THEY ARE ENTITLED TO PROTECTION
1.NONMALEFICENCE

2.BENEFICENCE (2)
1.FIRST DO NO HARM
2.PATIENT WELL BEING, BENEFITING MORE THAN BURDENING PATIENT
1.PRESERVATION OF LIVE
2.ALLEVIATION OF SUFFERIN
1.AUTONOMY & 2 CONDITIONS

2.PATERNALISM
1.PATIENT SELF DETERMINATION
1.AGENCY
2.LIBERTY

2."FATHER KNOWS BEST"
INFORMED CONSENT
FREELY GIVEN PERMISSIN BASED ON UNDERSANDING CURRENT SITUATION, RISKS, BENEFITS, AND POSSIBLE OUTCOMES. (NOT SIGNED FORMS)
CRITERIA OF SURROGATE DECISION MAKING (3)
1.FOLLOW PATIENTS WISHES (ADVANCE DIRECTIVES)

2.DECIDE WHAT PATIENT WOULD HAVE WANTED (SUBSTITUTED JUDGEMENT)

3.WHAT A REASONABLE PERSON WOULD DO FOR PATIENTS BEST INTERESTS
JUSTICE AND PRINCIPLES OF DISTRIBUTION(3)
TREAT EQUALS EQUALLY, AVOID DECISIONS BASED ON FACTORS IRRELEVENT TO MED SITUATION SUCH AS RACE, EDU,ETC)

1. FIRST COME, SERVED
2. BEST PROGNOSIS
3.GREATEST NEED
4.SOCIAL WORTH
UNIVERSALIZABILITY (KANT)
TREAT OTHERS AS ENDS NOT AS MEANS (DONT USE THEM)
ACCOUNTABILITY
THE WILLINGNESS TO ENDURE PUBLIC SCRUTINY OF ONE'S DECISIONS AND ACTIONS
IMPORTANCE OF COWS IN WHAT RELIGION
ZOROASTRIANISM
ZOROASTRIANISM/PERSIAN PRACTICES (2)
1.BLOODY SACRIFICE OF CATTLE
(FOLLOWERS CALLED "THE CATTLE OF GOD"
2.RITUAL DRUNKENESS USING THE HAOMA PLANT (CLOSER TO GOD)
1.AHURA MAZDA VS. ANGRA MAINYU

2.PROPHET
1.GOOD VS. EVIL

2.SPEAK FOR ON BEHALF OF GOD
1.ETHICAL DUALISM

2. RELATIONSHIP B/W AHURA MAZDAH AND ANGRA MAINYU(2)
1.TWO COSMIC KINGDOMS LOCKED IN MORTAL COMBAT, GOOD VS. EVIL

2. (1)COETERNAL REALITIES: ALWAYS EXISTED
(2)EVIL IS GOOD'S SON WHO REBELLED.
1.ESCHATOLOGY
2.ZOROASTRIAN ETHICS
1.STUDY OF THE END OF TIMES, WHEN HISTORY ENDS
2.GOOD THOUGHTS WORDS AND DEEDS
1.JUDGEMENT IN ZOROASTRIANISM

2.TWO UNCLEAN THINGS IN ZOROASTRIANISM

3.ZOROASTRIANISM LOCATION
1. TAKES PLACE AT BRIDGE

ZOROASTER WILL RETURN
AS SAOSHYANT (SAVIOR)
2.CORPSE (TOWERS OF SILENCE) AND MENSTRUATING WOMEN

3.LOCATION: PARSEES, AND BOMBAY INDIA
WORLD'S FASTEST GROWING RELIGION (1.3 BILLION FOLLOWERS)
OUTNUMBER ANGLICANS IN ENGLAND AND JEWS IN US
ISLAM
WORLD'S LARGEST/FASTEST GROWING RELIGION (1.3 BILLION FOLLOWERS)
OUTNUMBER ANGLICANS IN ENGLAND AND JEWS IN US
WILL EVENTUALLY REPLACE ALL RELIGIONS
ISLAM
MEANING OF ISLAM
PEACE FROM HEBREW WORD
ALSO
SURRENDER OR SUBMISSIN
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ABRAHAM IMPREGNATED SARAH'S MAID HAGAR = ISHMAEL

DRIVEN AWAY, SETTLED IN MECCA

GENEOLOGY TRACE DOWN TO MOHAMMED
MOHAMMED
MEANS "HIGHLY PRAISED"
TITLED "SEAL OF THE PROPHETS"
BORN IN MECCA
ANIMISTIC POLYTHEISM JINN
BEASTLY PERSONIFICATIONS OF THE TERRORS OF THE DESERT
WORLD'S LARGEST/FASTEST GROWING RELIGION (1.3 BILLION FOLLOWERS)
OUTNUMBER ANGLICANS IN ENGLAND AND JEWS IN US
WILL EVENTUALLY REPLACE ALL RELIGIONS
ISLAM
MEANING OF ISLAM
PEACE FROM HEBREW WORD
ALSO
SURRENDER OR SUBMISSIN
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ABRAHAM IMPREGNATED SARAH'S MAID HAGAR = ISHMAEL

DRIVEN AWAY, SETTLED IN MECCA

GENEOLOGY TRACE DOWN TO MOHAMMED
MOHAMMED
MEANS "HIGHLY PRAISED"
TITLED "SEAL OF THE PROPHETS"
BORN IN MECCA
ANIMISTIC POLYTHEISM JINN
BEASTLY PERSONIFICATIONS OF THE TERRORS OF THE DESERT
PROCLAMATION OF "LA ILAHA ILLA ALLAH!" MET WITH HOSTILITY BECAUSE(3):
1.MONOTHEISM THREATENED MECCA BUSINESS OF SHRINES TO DIFFRENT GODS

2.MORAL TEACHINGS DEMAND END TO IMMORAL BEHAVIOR (NORMAL AT TIME)

3.TEACHINGS THAT ALL ARE EQUAL IN GOD'S EYES GO VS SOCIAL ORDER
MEDINA
"CITY OF THE PROPHET"
HIJRAH
MOHAMMED'S MIGRATION TO MEDINA 622 CE
BATTLE OF BADR
624 CE MUSLIM GUERILLA DEFEATS MECCAN ARMY
WORLD'S LARGEST/FASTEST GROWING RELIGION (1.3 BILLION FOLLOWERS)
OUTNUMBER ANGLICANS IN ENGLAND AND JEWS IN US
WILL EVENTUALLY REPLACE ALL RELIGIONS
ISLAM
MEANING OF ISLAM
PEACE FROM HEBREW WORD
ALSO
SURRENDER OR SUBMISSIN
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ABRAHAM IMPREGNATED SARAH'S MAID HAGAR = ISHMAEL

DRIVEN AWAY, SETTLED IN MECCA

GENEOLOGY TRACE DOWN TO MOHAMMED
MOHAMMED
MEANS "HIGHLY PRAISED"
TITLED "SEAL OF THE PROPHETS"
BORN IN MECCA
ANIMISTIC POLYTHEISM JINN
BEASTLY PERSONIFICATIONS OF THE TERRORS OF THE DESERT
PROCLAMATION OF "LA ILAHA ILLA ALLAH!" MET WITH HOSTILITY BECAUSE(3):
1.MONOTHEISM THREATENED MECCA BUSINESS OF SHRINES TO DIFFRENT GODS

2.MORAL TEACHINGS DEMAND END TO IMMORAL BEHAVIOR (NORMAL AT TIME)

3.TEACHINGS THAT ALL ARE EQUAL IN GOD'S EYES GO VS SOCIAL ORDER
MEDINA
"CITY OF THE PROPHET"
HIJRAH
MOHAMMED'S MIGRATION TO MEDINA 622 CE
BATTLE OF BADR
624 CE MUSLIM GUERILLA DEFEATS MECCAN ARMY
CHARLES MARTEL/ BATTLE OF TOURS
MUSLIMS DEFEATED 732 CE PREVENTED EUROPE FROM BEING CONVERTED
WORLD'S LARGEST/FASTEST GROWING RELIGION (1.3 BILLION FOLLOWERS)
OUTNUMBER ANGLICANS IN ENGLAND AND JEWS IN US
WILL EVENTUALLY REPLACE ALL RELIGIONS
ISLAM
MEANING OF ISLAM
PEACE FROM HEBREW WORD
ALSO
SURRENDER OR SUBMISSIN
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ABRAHAM IMPREGNATED SARAH'S MAID HAGAR = ISHMAEL

DRIVEN AWAY, SETTLED IN MECCA

GENEOLOGY TRACE DOWN TO MOHAMMED
MOHAMMED
MEANS "HIGHLY PRAISED"
TITLED "SEAL OF THE PROPHETS"
BORN IN MECCA
ANIMISTIC POLYTHEISM JINN
BEASTLY PERSONIFICATIONS OF THE TERRORS OF THE DESERT
PROCLAMATION OF "LA ILAHA ILLA ALLAH!" MET WITH HOSTILITY BECAUSE(3):
1.MONOTHEISM THREATENED MECCA BUSINESS OF SHRINES TO DIFFRENT GODS

2.MORAL TEACHINGS DEMAND END TO IMMORAL BEHAVIOR (NORMAL AT TIME)

3.TEACHINGS THAT ALL ARE EQUAL IN GOD'S EYES GO VS SOCIAL ORDER
MEDINA
"CITY OF THE PROPHET"
HIJRAH
MOHAMMED'S MIGRATION TO MEDINA 622 CE
BATTLE OF BADR
624 CE MUSLIM GUERILLA DEFEATS MECCAN ARMY
CHARLES MARTEL/ BATTLE OF TOURS
MUSLIMS DEFEATED 732 CE PREVENTED EUROPE FROM BEING CONVERTED
QURAN/SURAHS
HOLY BOOK OF ISLAM
"READ/RECITE" 114 SURAHS (CHAPTERS)
BASIC ISLAMIC BELIEFS (4)
1.ALLAH (MONOTHEISM)
2.CREATOR
3.HUMANKIND
4.ESCHATOLOGY (DAY OF JUDGEMENT)
WHAT MUSLIMS THINK ABOUT JEWS AND CHRISTIANS: 2 DEFECTS
1.INCOMPLETE B/C REVEALED IN EARLIER HUMAN SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT

2.BIBLE IS PARTIALLY CORRUPTED B/C OF ORAL TRANSMISSION
WORLD'S LARGEST/FASTEST GROWING RELIGION (1.3 BILLION FOLLOWERS)
OUTNUMBER ANGLICANS IN ENGLAND AND JEWS IN US
WILL EVENTUALLY REPLACE ALL RELIGIONS
ISLAM
MEANING OF ISLAM
PEACE FROM HEBREW WORD
ALSO
SURRENDER OR SUBMISSIN
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ABRAHAM IMPREGNATED SARAH'S MAID HAGAR = ISHMAEL

DRIVEN AWAY, SETTLED IN MECCA

GENEOLOGY TRACE DOWN TO MOHAMMED
MOHAMMED
MEANS "HIGHLY PRAISED"
TITLED "SEAL OF THE PROPHETS"
BORN IN MECCA
ANIMISTIC POLYTHEISM JINN
BEASTLY PERSONIFICATIONS OF THE TERRORS OF THE DESERT
PROCLAMATION OF "LA ILAHA ILLA ALLAH!" MET WITH HOSTILITY BECAUSE(3):
1.MONOTHEISM THREATENED MECCA BUSINESS OF SHRINES TO DIFFRENT GODS

2.MORAL TEACHINGS DEMAND END TO IMMORAL BEHAVIOR (NORMAL AT TIME)

3.TEACHINGS THAT ALL ARE EQUAL IN GOD'S EYES GO VS SOCIAL ORDER
MEDINA
"CITY OF THE PROPHET"
HIJRAH
MOHAMMED'S MIGRATION TO MEDINA 622 CE
BATTLE OF BADR
624 CE MUSLIM GUERILLA DEFEATS MECCAN ARMY
CHARLES MARTEL/ BATTLE OF TOURS
MUSLIMS DEFEATED 732 CE PREVENTED EUROPE FROM BEING CONVERTED
QURAN/SURAHS
HOLY BOOK OF ISLAM
"READ/RECITE" 114 SURAHS (CHAPTERS)
BASIC ISLAMIC BELIEFS (4)
1.ALLAH (MONOTHEISM)
2.CREATOR
3.HUMANKIND
4.ESCHATOLOGY (DAY OF JUDGEMENT)
WHAT MUSLIMS THINK ABOUT JEWS AND CHRISTIANS: 2 DEFECTS
1.INCOMPLETE B/C REVEALED IN EARLIER HUMAN SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT

2.BIBLE IS PARTIALLY CORRUPTED B/C OF ORAL TRANSMISSION
FOUR STAGES OF REVELATION
1. ABRAHAM (MONOTHEISM)
2. MOSES (10 COMMANDMENTS)
3. JESUS (GOLDEN RULE)
4. MOHAMMED (HOW TO LUV UR NEIGHBOR)
THE FIVE PILLARS
1.CREED
2.PRAYER
3.CHARITY
4.FAST OF RAMADAN
5.PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA
BASIC SOCIAL TEACHINGS (3)
1.ECONOMIC REGULATIONS (WEALTH IS WIDELY SHARED), ZAKAT=POOR TAX?

2.RACE RELATIONS:NO ETHNIC DIFFERENCES

3.USE OF FORCE:WAR MUST BE RIGHTEOUS, SELF DEFENSE, TO RIGHT A WRONG, NO CONVERSION BY SWORD
JIHAD, 2 TYPES (GREATER/LESSER)
CONFUSED WITH HOLY WAR/CRUSADES

MEANS STRIVING FOR A PRAISEWORTHY GOAL

1.SELF DEFENSE F/ OPPRESSION
2.GOOD VS EVIL W/IN ONESELF
GREATER JIHAD TODAY
SPREADING ISLAM, TO MUSLIM AND NON BELIEVERS
BASIC SOCIAL TEACHINGS (3)
1.ECONOMIC REGULATIONS (WEALTH IS WIDELY SHARED), ZAKAT=POOR TAX?

2.RACE RELATIONS:NO ETHNIC DIFFERENCES

3.USE OF FORCE:WAR MUST BE RIGHTEOUS, SELF DEFENSE, TO RIGHT A WRONG, NO CONVERSION BY SWORD
JIHAD, 2 TYPES (GREATER/LESSER)
CONFUSED WITH HOLY WAR/CRUSADES

MEANS STRIVING FOR A PRAISEWORTHY GOAL

1.SELF DEFENSE F/ OPPRESSION
2.GOOD VS EVIL W/IN ONESELF
GREATER JIHAD TODAY
SPREADING ISLAM, TO MUSLIM AND NON BELIEVERS
CALIPHS/SUCCESORS TO MOHAMMED(4)
1.ABU BAKR
2.UMAR (SPREAD ISLAM)
3.UTHMAN (COMPILED QURAN)
4.ALI
MAJOR DIVISIONS OF ISLAM(3)
1.SUNNIS
2.KHARIJITES
3.SHI'ITES
SUNNIS
PLACED UNITY OF COMMUNITY ABOVE ALL

LARGEST GROUP F/ CIVIL WAR

PRACTICE BASED ON HADITH
HADITH
WORDS ACTIONS OF MOHAMMED NOT RECORDED IN KORAN
KHARIJITES
1ST GROUP TO OPPOSE SUNNIS

EMPHASIS ON PURITY OF CALIPH POSITION

"SECEDERS"
SHI'ITES
CLAIMED ONLY LEGIT SUCCESSOR TO MOHAMMED WAS ALI

IMPOSTERS WERE IN CONTROL
BASIC SOCIAL TEACHINGS (3)
1.ECONOMIC REGULATIONS (WEALTH IS WIDELY SHARED), ZAKAT=POOR TAX?

2.RACE RELATIONS:NO ETHNIC DIFFERENCES

3.USE OF FORCE:WAR MUST BE RIGHTEOUS, SELF DEFENSE, TO RIGHT A WRONG, NO CONVERSION BY SWORD
JIHAD, 2 TYPES (GREATER/LESSER)
CONFUSED WITH HOLY WAR/CRUSADES

MEANS STRIVING FOR A PRAISEWORTHY GOAL

1.SELF DEFENSE F/ OPPRESSION
2.GOOD VS EVIL W/IN ONESELF
GREATER JIHAD TODAY
SPREADING ISLAM, TO MUSLIM AND NON BELIEVERS
CALIPHS/SUCCESORS TO MOHAMMED(4)
1.ABU BAKR
2.UMAR (SPREAD ISLAM)
3.UTHMAN (COMPILED QURAN)
4.ALI
MAJOR DIVISIONS OF ISLAM(3)
1.SUNNIS
2.KHARIJITES
3.SHI'ITES
SUNNIS
PLACED UNITY OF COMMUNITY ABOVE ALL

LARGEST GROUP F/ CIVIL WAR

PRACTICE BASED ON HADITH
HADITH
WORDS ACTIONS OF MOHAMMED NOT RECORDED IN KORAN
KHARIJITES
1ST GROUP TO OPPOSE SUNNIS

EMPHASIS ON PURITY OF CALIPH POSITION

"SECEDERS"
SHI'ITES
CLAIMED ONLY LEGIT SUCCESSOR TO MOHAMMED WAS ALI

IMPOSTERS WERE IN CONTROL
IMAM
ALLAH SELECTS TO BE LEADER OF COMMUNITY (THOUGHT TO BE ALI BY SHI'ITES)
IMAMITES
"TWELVERS"

LARGEST GROUP OF SHI'ITES

ALL MURDERED EXCEPT ONE, WHO IS WAITING TO RETURN AS MAHDI, "THE GUIDED ONE"
HUSAIN
SON OF ALI

CHALLENGED UMMAYADS FOR RULE

DEFEATED AT KARBALA, EXECUTED

REENACTED ON 10TH OF MUHARRAN
BASIC SOCIAL TEACHINGS (3)
1.ECONOMIC REGULATIONS (WEALTH IS WIDELY SHARED), ZAKAT=POOR TAX?

2.RACE RELATIONS:NO ETHNIC DIFFERENCES

3.USE OF FORCE:WAR MUST BE RIGHTEOUS, SELF DEFENSE, TO RIGHT A WRONG, NO CONVERSION BY SWORD
JIHAD, 2 TYPES (GREATER/LESSER)
CONFUSED WITH HOLY WAR/CRUSADES

MEANS STRIVING FOR A PRAISEWORTHY GOAL

1.SELF DEFENSE F/ OPPRESSION
2.GOOD VS EVIL W/IN ONESELF
GREATER JIHAD TODAY
SPREADING ISLAM, TO MUSLIM AND NON BELIEVERS
CALIPHS/SUCCESORS TO MOHAMMED(4)
1.ABU BAKR
2.UMAR (SPREAD ISLAM)
3.UTHMAN (COMPILED QURAN)
4.ALI
MAJOR DIVISIONS OF ISLAM(3)
1.SUNNIS
2.KHARIJITES
3.SHI'ITES
SUNNIS
PLACED UNITY OF COMMUNITY ABOVE ALL

LARGEST GROUP F/ CIVIL WAR

PRACTICE BASED ON HADITH
HADITH
WORDS ACTIONS OF MOHAMMED NOT RECORDED IN KORAN
KHARIJITES
1ST GROUP TO OPPOSE SUNNIS

EMPHASIS ON PURITY OF CALIPH POSITION

"SECEDERS"
SHI'ITES
CLAIMED ONLY LEGIT SUCCESSOR TO MOHAMMED WAS ALI

IMPOSTERS WERE IN CONTROL
IMAM
ALLAH SELECTS TO BE LEADER OF COMMUNITY (THOUGHT TO BE ALI BY SHI'ITES)
IMAMITES
"TWELVERS"

LARGEST GROUP OF SHI'ITES

ALL MURDERED EXCEPT ONE, WHO IS WAITING TO RETURN AS MAHDI, "THE GUIDED ONE"
HUSAIN
SON OF ALI

CHALLENGED UMMAYADS FOR RULE

DEFEATED AT KARBALA, EXECUTED

REENACTED ON 10TH OF MUHARRAN