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17 Cards in this Set

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music drama
In contrast to the numbers opera which would have distinct syntactical divisions of between arias, ensembles, and other sections, the music drama would flow more fluidly from one part to the other, Wagner Die Walkure
Gesamtkunstwerk
Wagnerian term which means a total work of art, the unification of many art forms in a music drama. It contains the libretto, music, blocking, setting, costumes, venue, etc. Wagner Die Walkure.
Leitmotiv
A way to present a musical language that Wagner used to refer to an object, a symbol, a force, an, idea, and/or something motivating the singer/characters. Used to keep aware of what's happening. Presented clearly the first time, Walkure
Wagnerism
the culture surrounding the obsession with Wagner. Wagnerites, usually members of the middle class, went to see his operas, buy paraphernalia, and visit his opera house. Walkure
realism
second half of the 19th century especially in France and Italy, composers tried to set real emotions and real life situations tot music. could be used with exotiscm as an escape, middle class likes it, la traviata
singspiel
inclues spoken text in presentation. Magic Flute
zauberspiel
opera that contains aspects of the supernatural, Der Vampyr
bel canto
beautiful singing, virtuosic ornamentation that shows off the voice added to a beautiful melody. Cantabile. Rossini Barber of Seville "Una voce poco fa"
set piece
something that could be lifted out of the opera and given its own individual life
"Numbers Opera"
every aria, recit, chorus, ensemble, where separated and could be listed as a distinct individual part. Divides an opera into units. Don Giovanni
scena
the beginning part of the situation that an aria will play out. Has instrumental intoduction, followed by recit, Rossini Barber of Seville, Una voce poco fa
accompanied recitative
a recitativce with orchestral accompaniment. No basso continuo anymore. used for intense dramatic situations and reinforces the characters emotions in the dialogue and the singer's phrases. Act IV Sc. 1 in Bellini's Norma
cavatina
when the cantabilie and cabalata sefctions come together. Signifies entrance of a character. Rossi Barber of Seville Una voce poco fa
tone poem (remember program music)
Orchestral program music that is usually one movement that focuses on one theme or idea. The Moldeau from Ma Vlast
absolute music
music meant to be heard as it is without the aid of explicit extramusical elements, like a narrative trajectory. It still discusses nonmusical ideas or emotions, but doesn't have an accompanying program or specific reference to an object or story. Based off of Beethoven symphonies 3,5,7, sometimes 9 after 1850. Schumann's Dichterliebe
New German school
writing after Beethoven that supports the style of program music, Wagner, R. Strauss, Liszt, die Walkure
nationalism
develops during the 19th century in which composers celebrate their own nation. Rise of middle class develops pride of national culture including, music, literature, and visual art.