• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/70

Click to flip

70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Atoms that gain or lose electrons and become electrically charged are called...
ions
A covalent bond in which electrons are not shared equally resulting in a molecule whose shape gives an uneven distrubition of charges
polar
The attraction of the positive hydrogen end of a polar molecule to the negative nitrogen or oxygen end of another polare molecule is called a...
hydrogen bond
2 or more atoms may combine to form a...
Molecule
If atoms of different elements combine, they form...
compound
Describe two ways that atoms may combine with other atoms?
Ionically or Covalently
Shorthand used to depict the numbers and types of atoms in a molecule
Molecular Formula
Illustration with lines connecting molecules together
Structural Formula
What's the difference between a polar molecule and an ion
A polar molecule is a covalent bond with in which electrons are not shared equally.
A polar molecule has an ______ number of electrons. (equal or unequal)
Unequal
What are some properties of Water
surface tension, solvent, Hydrogen bonds for a lattice structure when frozen, transport, cohesive
what are some technologies that utilize the polar nature of water
Ultrasound and MRI
What does a pH scale measure?
Hydrogen ion concentration
Chemicals that resisist pH change are called
Buffers
Substance formed by the reaction between an acid and a base
Salt
Substance that releases H+ ions
Acid
Substance that accepts H+ ions
Base
Chemical compounds that contain Carbon and Hydrogen
Organic
Substances that usually dissociate in water, forming ions
inorganic compounds
A substance that completely dissolves in water
Electrolyte
A substance that partially or doesn't dissolve in water
Non-Electrolyte
The maintenance of ions within the body in certain concentrations
Electrolyte Balance
These provide much of the energy that cells require and are made of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Carbohydrates
Glucose and Starch are examples of...
Carbohydrates
Group of organic chemicals that are insoluble in water, but soluble in organic solvents such as ether and cholorform?
Lipids
Single C-C bonds link all the carbon atoms are called _______ fatty acid
Saturated
Structural materials, energy sources and chemical messengers (hormones)
Proteins
Proteins play vital roles in metabolism as _____
enzymes
What key element does protein always include
Nitrogen (Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen and sometimes Sulfur)
What are the building blocks of proteins
Amino Acis
What are the building blocks of Lipids
Glycerol, fatty acids, and phosphate groups
What are the building blocks of carbohydrates
Sugars
What are the building blocks of Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
Tryglycerides, phospholipids, and steroids are examples of...
Lipids
Peptides are examples of...
Proteins
RNA and DNA are examples of
Nucleic Acids
Name the major parts of a cell?
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, adn Cell Membrane
This contains the genetic material (DNA) which directs the cell's functions
Nucleus
Composed of specialized structurs called cytoplasmic organelles suspended in a liquid called cytosol
Cytoplasm
Loosely coiled fibers containing protein and DNA within the nucleus
Chromatin
Location of ATP production from digested food molecules
Mitochondrion
Small RNA-containing particles for the synthesis of proteins
Ribosome
Membranous sac formed by the pinching off of pieces of cell membrane
Vesicle (Vacoule)
Dense body of RNA within the nucleus
Nucleolus
Slender tubes that provide movement in cilia and flagella
Microtubule
Organelles composed of membrane-bound sacs, canals, and vesicles for tubular transport
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Occupies space between the cell membrane and nucleus
Cytoplasm
Flattened membranous sacs that package a secretion
Golgi apparatus
Membranous sac that contains digestive enzymes
Lysosome
Separates nuclear contents from cytoplasm
Nuclear envelope
Spherical organelle that contains chromatin and nucleolus
Nucleus
Mainly composed of lipids and proteins
Cell Membrane
Membrane protein that receives and transmits messages into a cell
Receptor Protein
Membrane protein that forms pores, channels and carries in cell membrane, dransduce signals
Integral proteins
Protein that enables certain cells to touch or bind
Cellular Adhesion molecules (CAMs)
A + B >>>>> AB
Synthesis Reaction: When 2 or more atoms bond to form a complex structure
AB >>>>> A + B
Decomposition Reaction: When a Bond breaks to form simpler molecules, atoms, or ions
AB + CD >>>>> AD + CB
Exchange Reaction: Parts of 2 different types of molecules as bonds are broken and new bonds are formed
A + B >>><<< AB
Reversible Reaction: The products can change back into the original reactant
1
Cell Membrane
2
Vesicle (Secretory Structure)
3
Golgi Apparatus
4
Ribosome
5
Rough ER
6
Nuclelous
10
Smooth ER
11
Centresome
12
Cytoplasm
13
Mitochondrion
14
Lysosome