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45 Cards in this Set

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plane that divides the body in equal left and right sections
median
plane that divides the body in unequal left and right sections
sagittal
describes how a body part relates to an anatomical plane of the body
positional terms
decribes how one body part relates to another body part
directional terms
body standing
erect position
body standing with palms facing outward
anatomical position
plane dividing the body into front and back positions
frontal
plane that divides the body in upper and lower sections
transverse
body part thats above another structure of the body
superior
body part thats below another body part
inferior
front of the body
anterior
back of the body
posterior
body part thats closer to the midline(median) plane
medial
body part that farther from the midline (median) plane
latteral
structure of the body thats closer to the trunk (referring to arms and legs only)
proximal
body part that farther from the trunk (referring to arms and legs)
distal
body part thats closer to the surface
superficial
body part thats further from the surface
deep
2 types of joints that are partly movable or immovable
fibrons and cartilaginous
freely movable joints
synovials
ball and socket
shoulder and hip
ellipsoid
wrist and TMG
(jaw)
hinge
elbow
pivot
c-1 & c-2, atlas/axis
saddle
thumb
gliding
facets of vertebrae
decreasing the angle of the joint, as in bending or bringing bones closer together
flexion
increasing the angle of the joint, as in straightening; moving bones apart.
extension
movement away from the midline of the body
abduction
movement toward the midline of the body
adduction
movement of the sole of the foot downward as in pointing to the floor
plantar flexion
movement of the top of the foot upward as in pointing to the ceiling
dorsi flexion
turning the sole of the foot inward as in toward the midline
inversion
turning the sole of the foot outward as in away from the midline
eversion
rotation on axis of the bone, specifically applied to the forearms. Turning the palms of the hands downward.
pronation
rotation on axis of bone, specifically applied to the forearms. Turning the palms of the hands upward.
supination
raising of a body part, as in shrugging the shoulders
elevation
lowering of a body part
depression
moving a body part forward
protraction
moving a body part backward
retraction
circular movement of a joint, combination of movements
circumduction
six types of joints
ph begs
pivot,hinge,ball and socket, ellipsoid, saddle
three muscles in the glutes
gluteus maximus, gluteus medius and gluteus minimus.
minimus deep to medius.
three muscles in the hamstrings
biceps femoris (most latteral),semitendinosus (medial), semimembrinosis.
semimembrinosis deep to semitendinosos
four muscles in the quadriceps
rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastis intermedius. Vastus intermedius deep to rectus femoris.