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56 Cards in this Set

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Enduring patterns of perceiving relating, relating to and thinking about the environment and ones self that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts. It is the combination of character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, and metal traits that is unique to each specific individual.
Personality
____________ is the inborn personality characteristics
Temperament
This happens when traits are inflexible and maladaptive and cause either significant functional impairment or subjective distress do the constitute a _______________
Personality disorders
____________ is known as the father of psychiatry.
Sigmund Freud
_____________ personality theory can be conceptualized according to structure and dynamics of the personality topography of the mind and states of personality development.
Freud
He believed that an individuals basic character had been formed by the age of 5.
Freud
____________ organized the structure of the personality into three major components: the id, ego, and superego.
Freud
The ________ is the locus of instinctual drives "the pleasure principle."
Id
The _________ is the rational self the in-between.
ego
the _________ is the perfection principle.
super ego
The superego is composed of two major components what are they?
Ego ideal and conscience
Ego ideal is what?
When good behavior is rewarded the self esteem is enhanced.
The _________ includes all memories that re main within an individuals awareness.
Conscious
The ___________ includes all memories that may have been forgotten or are not in present awareness but with attention can readily be recalled into consciousness.
Preconscious
The _____________ includes all memories that one is unable to bring to conscious awareness.
Unconscious
Freud believed that ____________ is the force of impetus required for mental functioning.
psychic energy
Originating in the id, it instinctual fulfills basic physiological needs. Freud called this psychic energy (or the drive to fulfill basic physiological needs such as hunger, thirst, and sex. This is known as ________________ Austin Powers call this his Mojo.
Libido
__________ is the process by which the id invests energy into an object in an attempt to achieve gratification. An example is an individual who turns to alcohol to relieve stress.
Cathexis
__________ is the use of psychic energy bu the ego and the superego to control id impulses.
anticathexis
_________ placed much emphasis on the first 5yrs of life and believed that characteristics developed during these early years bore heavily on ones adaptation patterns and personality traits in adulthood.
Freud
Freud described formation of personality through five states of ___________ development.
Psychosexual
During this stage behavior goal is immediate gratification of needs. The focus energy is the mouth, and behaviors include sucking chewing, and biting.
Oral stage birth to 18 months
During this stage the behavior goal is to gaining independence and control with a particular focus on excretory function.
Anal stage 18months to 3yrs.
In this stage the focus of energy shifts to the genital area and a discovery of differences between genders results in a heightened interest in the sexuality of self and others.
Phallic stage 3 to 6yrs
During this stage, elementary years the focus changes from egocentrism to one of more interest in group activities, learning, and socialization with peers. Children show a distinct preference for same gender relationships.
Latency stage 6 to 12yrs.
In this stage maturing of the genital organs results in a reawakening of the libidian drive the focus in on relationships with members of the opposite gender and preparations for selecting a mate.
Genital stage 13 to 20yrs.
____________ believed that individual behavior and personality development are the direct result of interpersonal relationships.
Sullivan
_________ is a feeling of emotional discomfort to ward the relief or prevention of which all behavior is aimed.
Anxiety
____________ is the fulfillment of all requirements associated with an individuals physio-chemical environment.
Satisfaction of needs
________ is the feeling associated with relief from anxiety.
Interpersonal security
___________ is a collection of experiences or security measures adopted by the individual to protect against anxiety.
Self system
The __________ is the part of the personality that develops in response to positive feedback from the primary caregiver.
Good me
The ________ is the part of the personality that develops in response to negative feedback.
Bad me
The ________ is part of the personality that develops in response to situations that produce intense anxiety in the child. Feelings of horror, awe, dread, and loathing are experienced in response to these situations, leading the child to deny these feelings in an effort to relieve anxiety.
Not me
During this stage of Sullivan's personality development the major task for the child is gratification of needs and is accomplished by activity associated with the mouth, crying, nursing, and thumb sucking.
Birth to 18 months
During this stage of Sullivan's personality development the major task is learning to experience a delay in personal gratification without undue anxiety.
Childhood 18 months to 6yrs
During this stage of Sullivan's personality development the major task is learning to from satisfactory peer relationships.
Juvenile 6 to 9yrs
During this stage of Sullivan's personality development the major task is learning to form satisfactory relationships with person of the same gender initiating feelings of affection for another person.
Preadolescence 9 to 12yrs
During this stage of Sullivan's personality development the major task is learning to form satisfactory relationships with persons of the opposite gender; developing a sense of identity.
Early adolescence 12 to 14yrs
During this stage of Sullivan's personality development the major task is establishing self identity; experiencing satisfying relationships; working to develop a lasting intimate opposite gender relationship.
Late adolescence 14 to 21yrs
____________ studied the influence of social processes on the development of personality which he described in 8 stages and specific tasks must be completed before resolution of the crisis and for emotional growth to occur.
Erikson
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to develop basic trust in the mothering figure and be able to generalize it to others.
Trust vs mistrust birth to 18 months
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to gain some self control and independence within the environment.
Autonomy vs shame and doubt 18 months to 3yrs.
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to develop a sense of purpose and the ability to initiate and direct own activities.
Initiative vs. guilt 3yrs to 6yrs
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to achieve a sense of self confidence by learning, competing, performing successfully, and receiving recognition from significant others peers and acquaintances
Industry vs inferiority 6 to 12yrs
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to integrate the tasks mastered in the previous stages into a secure sense of self.
Identity vs role confusion 12 to 20yrs.
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to form an intense lasting relationship or a commitment to another person, cause, institution, or creative effort.
Intimacy vs. isolation 20 to 30yrs
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to achieve the life goals established for oneself, while also considering the welfare of future generations.
Generativity vs stagnation 30 to 65yrs
During this stage of Eriksons personality development the major task is to review ones life and derive meaning from both positive and negative events, while achieving a positive sense of self worth
Ego integrity vs despair 65yrs to death
_________ formulated a theory that describes the separation individuation process of the infant from the maternal figure.
Mahler
During this phase of Mahlers theory of object relations the major developmental task is fulfillment of basic needs for survival and comfort.
Normal autism birth to 1 month
During this phase of Mahlers theory of object relations the major developmental task is development of awareness of external source of need fulfillment
Symbiosis 1 to 5 months
During this phase of Mahlers theory of object relations the major developmental task is commencement of primary recognition of separateness from the mothering figure.
Separation individuation (differentiation) 5 to 10 months
During this phase of Mahlers theory of object relations the major developmental task is acue awareness of separateness of self; learning to seek emotional refueling from mothering figure to maintain feeling of security.
Reapprochement 16 to 24 months
During this phase of Mahlers theory of object relations the major developmental task is sense of separateness established; on the way to object constancy: ex. able to internalize a sustained image of loved object or person when it is out of sight. Resolution of separation anxiety.
Consolidation 24 to 36 months
Peplau applied interpersonal theory to nursing practice and most specifically to nurse client relationship development and developed a framework for ________________.
Psycho-dynamic nursing