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57 Cards in this Set

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AKATHISIA
Subjective feeling of muscular tension secondary to antipsychotic or other medication which can cause restlessness, pacing, and repeated sitting and standing; can be mistaken for psychotic agitation.
ANTEROGRADE AMNESIA
amnesia for events occurring after a point in time.
APHASIC DISTURBANCES
disturbances in language output [and reception].
BRADYKINESIA
Slowness of motor activity with a decrease in normal spontaneous movement.
Brady = slow.
CHOREA
Random and involuntary quick, jerky, purposeless movements.
Chorea means belt in Spanish.
CLANG ASSOCIATION
Association of words similar in sound but not in meaning; words have no logical connection; may include rhyming and punning.
CONCRETE THINKING
Literal thinking; limited use of metaphor without understanding nuances of meaning; one-dimensional thought.
CONFABULATION
Unconscious filling of gaps in memory by imagined or untrue experiences that a person believes but that have no basis in fact; most often associated with organic pathology.
CORPROPHRASIA
Invountary use of vulgar or obscene language; seen in Tourette's disorder and some patients with schizophrenia.
corpro is similar to body in Spanish.
DELUSION OF SELF-ACCUSATION
False feeling of remorse and guilt.
DYSARTHRIA
Difficulty in articulation, not in word finding or grammar.
ECHOPRAXIA
Pathological imitation of movements of one person by another.
echo = imitation
praxia = movement
MOOD CONGRUENT DELUSION
Delusion with mood-appropriate content.
MUTISM
Voicelessness without structural abnormalities.
NEOLOGISM
New word created by patient, often by combining syllables of other words, for idiosyncratic psychological reasons.
PERSEVERATION
Persisting response to a previous stimulus after a new stimulus has been presented; often associated with cognitive disorders.
POVERTY OF CONTENT OF SPEECH
Speech that is adequate in amount but conveys little information because of vagueness, emptiness, or stereotyped phrases.
POVERTY OF SPEECH
Restriction in the amount of speech used; replies may be monosyllabic.
PRESSURE OF SPEECH
Rapid speech that is increased in amount and difficult to interpret.
PSEUDODEMENTIA
Clinical features resembling a dementia not caused by an organic condition; most often caused by depression.
RETROGRADE AMNESIA
Amnesia for events occurring before a point in time.
WAXY FLEXIBILITY
Condition of a person who can by molded into a position that is then maintained; when an examiner moves the person's limb, the limb feels as if it were made of wax.
ABREACTION
emotional release or discharge after recalling a painful experience.
AGITATION
sever anxiety associated with motor restlessness; similar to irritability characterized by excessive excitabilty with easily triggered anger or annoyance.
ALEXITHYMIA
a person's inability to, or difficutly in describing or being aware of emotions or mood.
ANHEDONIA
loss of interest in, and withdrawal from, all regualr and pleasurable activities, often associated with depression.
BLUNTED AFFECT
disturbance of affect manifested by severe reduction in the intensity of externalized feeling tone.
DELIRIUM
bewildered, restless, confused, disoriented reaction associated with fear and hallucinations.
DISORIENTATION
disturbance in orientation in time, place, or person.
DIURNAL VARIATION
mood is regularly worse in the morning, immediately after awakening, and improves as the day progresses.
EUTHYMIC MOOD
normal range of mood, implying absence of depressed or elevated mood.
HYPERVIGILANCE
excessive attention and focus on all internal and external stimuli, usually secondary to delusional or paranoid states.
HYPOMANIA
mood abnormality with the qualitative characteristics of mania but somewhat less in intensity.
INAPPROPRIATE AFFECT
disharmond between the emotional feeling tone and the idea, thought, or speech accompnying it.
LABILE AFFECT
rapid and abrupt changes in emotional feeling tone, unrelated to external stimuli.
PICA
craving and eating nonfood substances, such as paint and clay.
SUNDOWNING
Syndrome in older persons that usually occurs at night and is characterized by drowsiness, confusion, ataxia, and falling as the result of being overly sedated with medications.
ADIADOCHOKINESIA
inability to perform rapidly alternating movements.
AGNOSIA
an inability to recognize and interpret the significance of sensory impression.
APRAXIA
inability to carry out specific tasks.
AUDITORY HALLUCINATION
false perception of sound, usually voice but also other noises, such as music; most common hallucination in psychiatric disorders.
AURA
warning sensations such as automatisms, fullness in the stomach, vlushing and changes in respiration, cognitive sensations, and affective states usually experienced before a seizure; a sensory prodome that precedes a classic migraine headache.
BLACKOUTS
amnesia experienced by alcoholics about behavior during drinking bouts; usually indicates that reversible brain damage has occurred.
COMMAND HALLUCINATION
false perception of orders that a person may feel obliged to obey or unable to resist.
DEJA VU
illusion of visual recognition in which a new situation is incorrectly regarded as a repetition of a previous memory.
DEPERSONALIZATION
a person's subjective sense of being unreal, strange or unfamiliar.
DEREALIZATION
a subjective sense that the environment is strange or unreal; a feeling of changed reality.
DISSOCIATION
unconscious defense mechanism involving the segregation of any group of mental or behavioral processes from the rest of the person's psychic actiity; may entail the separation of an idea from it's accompanying emotional tone, as seen in dissociative and conversion disorders.
DYSCALCULIA
loss of ability to do calculations; not caused by anxiety or impairment in concentration.
EIDETIC IMAGE
visual memory of almost hallucinatory vividness.
FALSE MEMORY
a person's recollection and belief of an event that did not actually occur.
FUGUE
taking on a new identity with amnesia for the old identity; often involves travel or wandering to new environments.
HYPNAGOGIC HALLUCINATION
false sensory perception occuring while falling asleep; generally considered a nonpathological phenomenon.
IMPAIRED INSIGHT
diminished ability to understand the objective reality of situation.
IMPAIRED JUDGEMENT
diminished ability to understand a situation correctly and to act appropriately.
REPRESSION
a defense mechanism characterized by unconscius forgetting of unacceptable ideas or impulses.
SYNESTHESIA
sensation or hallucination caused by another sensation (e.g., an auditory sensation accompanied by or triggering a visual sensation; a sound experienced as being seen or a visual event experienced as being heard.