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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cognition
Cognition is a term covering all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
Categories/Hierachies/Prototype
Dividing objects, events, ideas, or people into clusters/Smaller more detailed units/best examples of a category.
Algorithms/Hierachies
is a time-consuming but thorough set of rules or procedures that guarantees a solution to a problem/is a simpler thinking strategy that may allow us to solve problems quickly.
Confirmation Bias/Fixation
predisposes us to verify rather than challenge our hypotheses./such as mental set and functional fixedness, may leave us pursuing one way and prevent us from taking a new way to fix a problem.
Representativeness/Availability
leads us to judge the likelihood of things in terms of how they represent our prototype for a group of items/leads us to judge the likelihood of things based on how vivid they are or how readily they come to mind.
Language/structural units
our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them as we think and communicate.
Advantage/disadvatage to overconfidence
overconfident people tend to live happier lives, make difficult decisions more easily, and seem more credible/using our easy heuristics we can blind ourselves to error by being to quick.
Language acquisition
5 of them
Babbling to sound--babbling resembles house hould language--1 word stage--2 word stage--language rapidly increasing
5 cognitive skills from sharing apes and humans
Creat and use tools,form concepts, theory of mind, transmit culteral innovations, display insight
Phonemes/Morphemes/Grammar/Semantics/Syntax
Structural Units
Basic units of sound/Elementary units of meaning/system of rules to understand others/Part of grammar which is a set of rules for deriving meaning/putting words into sentences