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15 Cards in this Set

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Extrinsic Sleep Disorders
Originate outside of the body
-stress, alcohol consumption
Intrinsic Sleep Disorders
Originate inside the body
-obesity to brain mechanisms
-sleep apnea: snoring
Parasomnias
Sleepwalking, sleep talking
Three views of dreaming
1)As we wish (fulfillment)
2)Problem-solving
3)Random neural activity
Two main theories of hypnosis
1)Role-Playing Model
-assuming role of h. subject
2)Neodissociation theory
-h. state of divided consciousness
-pain theory
Psychoactive Drugs
Change perceptions, mood, thought processes, behavior
-caffeine and alcohol are included
Major types of psychoactive drugs (3)
1)Stimulants
-Caffeine, amphetamines, cocaine, nicotine
-stimulate CNS functioning

2)Depressants (alcohol, opioids, barbituates)
-depress CNS functioning
-induce relaxation

3)Hallucinogens (LSD, pot)
-alter perceptions
-psychological, not physiological addiction
ABCs of Learning Theory
Antecedent
-->stimuli
Behavior
-->response
Consequent
-->A->B->C
UCS vs. CS
UCS: does not need to be learned

CS: learned stimulus, normally neutral

(food vs. bell)
UCR vs. CR
UCR: does not need to be learned

CR: same as UCR, but to a normally neutral stimulus

(salivation)
Experimental Neurosis
Difficulty differentiating/discriminating between CR for one CS and not the others
Primary reinforcers VS.

Secondary reinforcers
1)Satisfy basic biological needs
-eating
-drinking
-sex

2)Through association with primary reinforcers
Chaining
requiring more to be done before reinforcement received
Variable ratio schedule
ratio of responses to reinforcements changes
-->gambling (1 in five, 1 in 7)
Variable interval schedule
varies change in time required before reinforcement received