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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mental images
mental representations of objects or events that are not physically present; they are memories of visual images, actively constructed and potentially subject to error
mental category formed to group objects, events or situations that share similar features or characteristics
Formal Concepts
made by learning the specific rules or features that define the particular concept

features are called attributes
Natural concept
result of everyday experience; b/c no rules, boundaries are fuzzy

examples: vehicles & fruits
definition of Problem solving
thinking and behavior directed towards attaining a goal that is not readily available
Trial & Error
trying a variety of solutions & eliminating those that don't work
a procedure or method that when followed stey by step always produces the correct solution

ex. formulas
general rule of thumb strategy that reduces the number of possible solutions and that may or may not work

ex. using the index of a book; breaking into subjects; and working backwards
sudden flash
arriving @ a conclusion without conscious awareness
Functional Fixedness
viewing only in the usual or customary way
Mental Testing
tendency to persist in solving problems with solutions that have worked in the past

example: instead of staring at a problem that you can't figure out, just leave it and do something else, then come back to it.
definition of Language
system for combining arbitrary symbols to produce an infinate number of meaningful statements
Use of symbols
may be sounds, written words, or formalized gestures
There must be an arbitrary connection b/t what in language?
the symbol and its meaning
Shared meaning
by others who speak the language
structure of language; give symbols meaning
creatively generate an infinite number of new and different phrases and sentences
communicating meaningfully about things not present, about past, about future, and imaginary things