Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is psychology?
the science of behavior and mental processes
what are the origins of psychology?
philosophers attempted to explain human behavior in acient times, but psychology emerged as a scientific discipline in the 19th century w/ wundts founding of the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879
-earliest school of psychology
-wundt and titchener
-attempted to break down mental experiences into their compontent parts: sensations, perceptions, and feelings
-william james
-attempts to explain our behavior in terms of the functions it serves in helping us adapt to the environment
-james watson
-psy. should limit itself to observable phenomena-namely, behavior
gestalt psychology
-max wartheimer
-belief that the brain structures our perceptions of the world in terms of organized patterns or wholes
-sigmund freud
-emphasizes the role of unconscious motives and conflicts in determining human behavior
-behavioral perspective
-psychodynamic perspective
-focuses on observable behavior and the influences of learning process in behavior.
-represents the model of psychology developed by freud and his followers. it holds that out behavior and personalities are shaped by unconscious motives and conflicts that lie outside the range of ordinary awareness
-humanistic perspective
-physiological perspective
-reflects the views of humanistic psychologists such as carl rodgers and abraham maslow who emphazied the importance of subjective conscious experience and personal freedom and responsibility
-examines the waysin which behavior and mental experience are influenced by biological processes such as heredity, hormones, and the workings of the brain and other parts of the nervous system
-cognitive perspective
-sociocultural perspective
-focuses on mental processes that allow us to gain knowledge about ourselves and the world.
-examines how are behavior and attitudes are shaped by social and cultural influences.
Socrates, known to us through the writings of his student plato, was an ancient greek philosopher who had a profound effect on early psychological thinking. for what credo is he best remembered today?
"know thyself"
the scientist generally credited w/ the founding of psychology as an independent science
wilhelm wundt
the early school of psych that was concerned w/ investigating the structure of the mind
-the school of psych that believes psych should be limited to the study of observable behavior
-gestalt psych focuses on what?
-the ways in which the brain organizes and structures our perceptions of the world
-which psychological perspective originated w/ sigmund freud?
-humanistic psychologists rejected the notions that unconscious processes or environmental influences determine our behavior. rather, they emphasized the importance of consious______ in understanding beahvior.
-psychodynamic perspective