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14 Cards in this Set

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which were identified by Gestalt psychologist, specify how our brains combine and organize individual pieces or elements into a meaningful perceptions
Rules of Organizations
states that, in organizing stimuli, we tend to automatically distinguish between a figure and a ground: which has less detail
Figure-Ground Rule
States that, in organizing stimuli, we tend to fill in any missing parts of a figure and see the figure as complete
Closure Rule
States that, in organizing stimuli, we goup together elements that appear similar
Similarity Rule
States that, in organizing stimuli, we group together object that are physically close to and another
Proximity Rule
State the stimuli are organized in the simplest way possible
Simplicity Rule
States that, in organizing stimuli, we tend to favor smooth or continuous paths when interpreting a series of points or lines
Continuity Rule
Refers to our tendency to perceive objects as remaining the same size even when their images on the retina are continually growing or shrinking.
Size Constancy
Refers to your tendency tp perceived an object as retaining it’s ame shape even though when you view it from different angles, it’s shape is continually changing its image on retina
Shape Constancy
Brightness-Refers to the tendency to perceive brightness as remaining the same in changing illumination
•Color Constancy: Refer to the tendency tp perceive colors as remaining stable despite differences in lighting.
Brightness and Color Constancy
Refers to the ability of your eye and brain to add a third dimension, depth, to all visual perceptions, even though images projected on the retina are in only two dimensions, height width.
Depth Perception
Depends on the movement of both eyes.
Binocular Depth Cues
Refers to a binocular cue for depth perception based on signals sent from muscles that turn the eyes. To focus on near or approaching objects, these muscles turn the eyes inward, toward the nose. The brain uses the signals sent by these muscles to determine the distance of the object.
Convergence
Refers to a binocular depth cue that depends on the distance between the eyes. Because of their different positions, each eye receives a slightly different image. The difference between the right and left eyes’ images is the retinal disparity. The brain interprets a large retinal disparity to mean a close object and a small retinal disparity to mean a distant object.
Retinal Disparity