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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, and external environment.
Evidence gathered by careful observation, experimentation, and measurement.
Founder of Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
An early psychological approach that emphasized the analysis of immediate experience into basic elements.
Founder of structuralism
EB Titchener
Emphasized the function or purpose of behavior, as opposed to analysis and description.
Founder of Functionalism
William James
Listening to his patients reports of depression, nervousness, and obsessive habits. Patients symptoms had mental, not physical causes. Their distress, he concluded, was due to conflicts and emotional traumas that had occurred in early childhood and that were too threatening to be remembered consciously

Emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts.
Founder of Psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud.
Focuses on how bodily events affect behavior, feeling and thought.
Biological Perspective
How the environment and experience affect a person's (or a nonhuman animals) actions.
Learning Perspective
Combine elements of behaviorism with research on thoughts, values, expectations, and intentions.
Social Cognitive Learning theorist (part of Learning Perspective)
Emphasizes what goes on in people's heads. how people reason, remember, understand language, solve problems, explain experiences, and form beliefs. How people's thoughts and explanations affect their actions, feelings, and choices.
Cognitive Perspective
Focuses on social and cultural forces outside the individual. forces that shape every aspect of behavior, from how (and whatever!) we kiss and what we eat.
Social/cultural perspective
A psychological approach that emphasizes personal growth, resilience, and the achievement of human potential, rather than scientific understanding and assessment of behavior.
Humanist Psychology
a psychological approach that analyzes the influence of social inequalities on gender relations and the behavior of the two sexes.
Feminist psychology
Conducts lab studies of learning, motivation, emotion, sensation, perception, psychology, and cognition.
Experimental Psychologist
Psychological principles that explain learning and to search for ways to improve the educational systems.
Educational Psychologist.
Study how people change and grow over time, physically, mentally, and socially.
Developmental Psychologist
Study behavior in the work place.
Industrial/organizational psychologist
Design and evaluate test of mental abilities, aptitudes, interest, and personality.
Psychometric psychologist.
Diagnose, treat, and study mental or emotional problems.
Clinical psychologist
Medical doctor who has done a three year residency in psychiatry to learn how to diagnose and treat mental disorders under the supervision of more experienced physicians. Can give medication if needed and take a more biological approach.
The ability and the willingness to access claims and make objective judgments on the basis of well supported reasons and evidence, rather than emotional and anecdote.
Critical Thinking
The 8 ways to be a good critical thinker.

Consider other interpretations
Ask questions
Tolerate uncertainty

Define your terms
Avoid emotional reasoning
Don't oversimplify

Analyze assumptions and biases
Examine the evidence
5 ways psychology can help you.

Make you a more informed person
Satisfy your curiosity about human nature
Give you insights into political and social issues

Help you increase your control over life
Help you on the job