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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
early school of psychology that emphasized studying the most basic components, or structures, of conscious experiences
2 disciples that influenced the emergence of psychology
philosophy & physiology
Founder of Psychology?
Wilhelm Wundt
german physiologist; 1st psychology research lab
early school of psychology that emphasized studying the most basic components or structures of conscious experiences
1st major school of thought
personality theory and form of psychotherapy that emphasize the role of unconscious factors in personality and behavior
main proponents of behaviorism
Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner
3 people
focused on the scientific study of overt behavior that could be objectively measured & verified AND rejected the emphasis on consciousness promoted by structuralism & functionalism, as well as Freudian notions of unconsciousness influences
pavlov, watson, skinner
emphasizes each person's unique potential for psychological growth & self-direction
humanistic psychology
carl rogers & abraham maslow
7 major perspectives in psychology
biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic, cognitive, cross-cultural, and evolutionary
emphasizes studying the physical bases if human and animal behavior, including the nervous system, endocrine system, immune system, and genetics
biological perspective
emphasize the importance of unconscious influences, early life experience, and interpersonal relationships in explaining the underlying dynamics of behavior or in treating people w/ psychological problem
psychodynamic perspective
psychodynamic perspective
branch of psychology that studies the effects of culture on behavior & mental processes
cross-cultural psychology
the belief that one's own culture or ethnic group is superior to all others, & the related tendency to use one's own culture as a standard by w/c to judge other cultures
cultures that emphasize the needs & goals of the individual over the needs & goals of the group
individualistic cultures
individualistic cultures
the application of principles of evolution, including natural selection, to explain psychological processes & phenomena
evolutionary psychology
cultures that emphasize the needs & goals of the group over the needs & goals of the individual
collectivistic cultures
a set of assumptions, attitudes & procedures that guide researchers in creating questions to investigate, in generating evidence, & in drawing conclusions
scientific method