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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent or match particular prototypes, may lead one to ingore other relevant info.
representativeness heurisitic
estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps b/c of their vividness) we presume such events as common.
availability heuristic
tendency to think of things only in terms of their ususal functions; an impediment to problem solving
functional fixedness
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing.
savant syndrome
"mind-body" illness; any stress related physical illness such as hypertension & some headaches
psychophysiological illness
a need or desire that energizes & directs behavior
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species & is unlearned
bodys resting rate of energy expenditure
eating disorder in which a normal weight person diets & becomes significantly (15% or more) underweight, yet still feeling fat, continues to starve
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating,usually of high calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting or excessive exercise
bulimia nervosa
Maslow, ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical & psychological needs are met, & self esttem is achieved, the motivation to fullfill ones potential
a postive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake & to be effective
instrinic motivation
a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment
extrinic motivation
a respsonse of the whole organism, involving physiological arousal & science flourishes through observation & experiment
tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
an enduring sexual attraction toward members of eitehr ones own sex or the other sex
sexual orientation
resting period after orgasm, which a man cannot achieve another orgasm
refractory period
peoples tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood
feel good, do good
Selyes concept of bodys adaptive response to stress in 3 stages-alarm, resistance, exhaustion
general adaptation
system for electronically recording, amplyifying, & feeding back info. regarding a subtle phsyiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension