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34 Cards in this Set

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Developmental psychology
Study the psychological development of the human being that takes place throughout a life time. Until recently, the primary focus was on childhood and adolescents, the most formative years. But as life expectancy in this country approached 80 years, psychologists are becoming increasingly interested in aging.
Experimental psychology
Study both human and nonhuman animals with respect to their abilities to detect what is happening in a particular enviornment and to acquire and maintain responses to what is happening.
Clinical psychology
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorders. These range from short term crisis, such as difficulties resulting from adolescents rebellion, to more severe chronic conditions such as schizophrenia.
Social psychology
Study how a person's mental life and behavior are shaped by interactions with other people. They are interested in all aspects of interpersonal relationships, including both individual and group influences, and seek ways to improve such interactions.
Industrial psychology
Apply psychological principles and research methods to the work place in the interest of improving productivity and the quality of work life.
Educational psychology
Concentrate on how effective teaching and learning take place.
Cognitive psychology
Are interested in questions such as how the mind represents reality. They study human perception, thinking and memory.
Neuro psychology
Explore the relationship beween brain systems and behavior. For example, they may study the way the brain creates and stores memories, or how vairous diseases and injuries of the brain affect emotions, perception, and behavior.
Sport psychology
Help athletes refine their focus on competition goals, become more motivated, and learn to deal with the anxiety and fear of failure that often accompany competition.
Social psychology
Study how a person's mental life and behavior are shaped by interactions with other people. They are interested in all aspects of interpersonal relationships, including both individual and group influences, and seek ways to improve such interactions.
Naturalistic observation
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation.
Case study
A research technique in which one person is studeied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles.
Survey method
A research technique desgined to discover the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of a sample of people through the use of questionnaires or interviews.
Correlational study
A research project designed to discover the degree to which two variables are related to each other.
Experimental research
A research method in which the researcher manipulates one or more factors (independent variables) to observe the effect on other variable (dependent variable) while controlling for confounding variables.
Developmental psychology
Study the psychological development of the human being that takes place throughout a life time. Until recently, the primary focus was on childhood and adolescents, the most formative years. But as life expectancy in this country approached 80 years, psychologists are becoming increasingly interested in aging.
Experimental psychology
Study both human and nonhuman animals with respect to their abilities to detect what is happening in a particular enviornment and to acquire and maintain responses to what is happening.
Clinical psychology
Asses and treat mental, emotional, and behavior disorders. These range from short term crisis, such as difficulties resulting from adolescents rebellion, to more severe chronic conditions such as schizophrenia.
Social psychology
Study how a person's mental life and behavior are shaped by interactions with other people. They are interested in all aspects of interpersonal relationships, including both individual and group influences, and seek ways to improve such interactions.
Industrial psychology
Apply psychological principles and research methods to the work place in the interest of improving productivity and the quality of work life.
Educational psychology
Concentrate on how effective teaching and learning take place.
Cognitive psychology
Are interested in questions such as how the mind represents reality. They study human perception, thinking and memory.
Neuro psychology
Explore the relationship beween brain systems and behavior. For example, they may study the way the brain creates and stores memories, or how vairous diseases and injuries of the brain affect emotions, perception, and behavior.
Sport psychology
Help athletes refine their focus on competition goals, become more motivated, and learn to deal with the anxiety and fear of failure that often accompany competition.
Social psychology
Study how a person's mental life and behavior are shaped by interactions with other people. They are interested in all aspects of interpersonal relationships, including both individual and group influences, and seek ways to improve such interactions.
Naturalistic observation
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation.
Case study
A research technique in which one person is studeied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles.
Survey method
A research technique desgined to discover the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of a sample of people through the use of questionnaires or interviews.
Correlational study
A research project designed to discover the degree to which two variables are related to each other.
Experimental research
A research method in which the researcher manipulates one or more factors (independent variables) to observe the effect on other variable (dependent variable) while controlling for confounding variables.
Ethics in research
1.Informed consent
2.The right to be protected from harm and discomfort.
3.The right to confidentiality.
4.The right to debriefing
Psychology
The scientific study of beahvior and mental processes.
Goals of psychology
To understand, predict, and control (modify) behavior and mental processes.
Tools of psychology
Scientific method
-Observation
-Defining a problem
-Proposing a hypothesis
-Experimentation
-Theory Formulation