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24 Cards in this Set

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sq3r method
a study method involving the following five steps.
1.survey
2.question
3.read
4.recite
5.review
Theory
A general principle or set of principles proposed to explain how a number of separate facts are related
Replication
Process of repeatinga study with differentparticipants and preferably a different ivestigator to verify research findings
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
THE ORDERLY SYSTEMATIC PROCEDURES THAT RESEARCHERS FOLLOW AS THEY IDENTIFY A RESEARCH PROBLEM DESIGN A STUCY TO INVESTIGATE THE PROBLEM, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, and communicate their findings
BASIC RESEARCH
RESEARCH CONDUCTED TO SEEK NEW KNOWLEDGE AND TO EXPLORE AND ADVANCE GENERAL SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING
APPLIED REASEARCH
RESEARCH CONDUCTED SPECIFICALLY TO SOLVE PRACTICAL PROBLEMS AND IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF LIFE
CRITICAL THINKING
PROCESS OF OBJECTIVELY EVALUATING CLAIMS, PROPOSITIONS AND CONCLUSIONS TO DETERMINE WHETHER THEY FOLLOW LOGICALLY FROM THE EVIDENCE PRESENTED
DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH METHODS
RESEARCH METHODS THAT YEILD DESCRIPTION OF BEHAVIOR
NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION
A DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH METHOD IN WHICH RESEARCHERS OBSERVE AND RECORD BEHAVIOR IN IT'S NATURAL SETTING, WITHOUT ATTEMPTING TO INFLUENCE OR CONTROL IT.
LABORATORY OBSERVATION
A DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH METHOS IN WHICH BEHAVIOR IS STUDIED IN A LABORATORY SETTING, WHERE RESEARCHERS CAN EXERT MORE CONTROL AND USE MORE PRECISE EQUIPMENT TO MEASURE RESPONSES
CASE STUDY
DESCRIPITIVE RESEARCH METHOD IN WHICH A SINGLE INDIVIDUAL OR A SMALL NUMBER OF PERSONS ARE STUDIED IN GREAT DEPTH, USUALLY OVER AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF TIME.
SURVEY
DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH METHOD IN WHICH RESEARCHERS USE INTERVIEWS AND/OR QUESTIONNAIRES TO GATHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE ATTITUDES, BELIEFS, EXPERIENCES OR BEHAVIORS OF A GROUP OF PEOPLE.
POPULATION
ENTIRE GROUP OF INTEREST TO REASEARCHERS TO WHICH THEY WISH TO GENERALIZE THEIR FINDINGS;THE GROUP FROM WHICH A SAMPLE IS SELECTED
SAMPLE
A PART OF POPULATION THAT IS STUDIED IN ORDER TO REACH CONCLUSIONS ABOUT THE ENTIRE POPULATION
REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE
A SAMPLE THAT MIRRIORS THE POPULATION OF INTEREST IT INCLUDES IMPORTANT SUBGROUPS IN THE SAME PROPORTIONS ARE THEY ARE FOUND IN THAT POPULATION
EXPERIMENTAL METHOD
THE ONLY RESEARCH METHOD THAT CAN BE USED TO IDENTIFY CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN TWO OR MORE CONDITIONS OR VARIABLES.
HYPOTHESIS
A PREDICTION ABOUT CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO OR MORE VARIABLES
INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
IN AN EXPERIMENT, A FACTOR OR CONDITION THAT IS DELIBERATELY MANIPULATED IN ORDER TO DETERMINE WHETHER IT CAUSES ANY CHANGE IN ANOTHER BEHAVIOR OR CONDITION
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
FACTOR OR CONDITION THAT IS MEASURED AT THE END OF AN EXPERIMENT AND IS PRESUMED TO VARY AS A RESULT OF THE MANIPULATIONS OF THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES
EXPERIMENTAL GROUP
IN AN EXPERIMENT THE GROUP THAT IS EXPOSED TO AN INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
CONTROL GROUP
IN AN EXPERIMENT, A GROUP SIMILAR TO THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP THAT IS EXPOSED TO THE SAME EXPERIMENTAL ENVIRONMENT BUT IS NOT GIVEN THE TREATMENT; USED FOR PURPOSES OF COMPARISON
CONFOUNDING VARIABLES
FACTORS OR CONDITIONS OTHER THAN THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES THAT ARE NOT EQUIVALENT ACROSS GROUPS AND COULD CAUSE DIFFERENCES AMONG GROUPS WITH RESPECT TO THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE
SELECTION BIAS
THE ASSIGNMENT OF PARTICIPANTS TO EXPERIMENTAL OR CONTROL GROUPS IN SUCH A WAY THAT SYSTTEMATIC DIFFERENCES AMONG THE GROUPS ARE PRESENT AT THE BEGINING OF THE EXPERIMENT
RANDOM ASSIGNMENT
PROCESS OF SELECTING PARTICIPANTS FOR EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS BY USING A CHANCE PROCEDURE TO GUARANTEE THAT EACH PARTICIPANT HAS AN EQUAL PROBABILITY OF BEING ASSIGNED TO ANY OF THE GROUPS; A CONTROL FOR SELECTION BIAS