Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/41

Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
physiological
having to do with an organism's physical processes
cognitive
having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding
psychology
the scientific study of behavior that is tested through scientific research
hypothesis
an assumption or prediction about behavior that is tested through scientific research
theory
a set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered for scientific study
basic science
the pursuit of knowledge about natural phenomena for its own sake
applied science
discovering ways to use scientific findings to accomplish goals
scientific method
a general approach to gathering information and answering questions so that errors and biases are minimized
structuralist
a psychologist who studied the basic elements that make up conscious mental experiences
introspection
a method of self-observation in which participants report their thoughts and feelings
functionalist
a psychologist who studied the function (rather then structure) of consciousness
psychoanalyst
studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior
behaviorist
a psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment
humanist
a psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth
cognitivist
a psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use information and how cognitive processes influence our behavior
psychobiologist
a psychologist who studies how physical and chemical changes in our bodies influence our behavior
psychologist
a scientist who studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals
psychiatry
a branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders
clinical psychologist
a psychologist who diagnoses and treats people with emotional disturbances
counseling psychologist
a psychologist who usually helps people deal with problems of living
developmental psychologist
a psychologist who studies the emotional, cognitive, biological, personal, and social changes that occur as an individual matures
educational psychologist
a psychologist who is concerned with helping students learn
community psychologist
a psychologist who may work in a mental health or social welfare agency
industrial/organizational psychologist
a psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the workplace more a satisfying environment for employees and managers
experimental psychologist
a psychologist who studies sensation, perception, learning, motivation, and emotion in carefully controlled laboratory conditions
sample
the small group of participants, out of the total number available, that a researcher studies
naturalistic observation
research method in which the psychologist observes the subject in a natural setting without interfering
case study
research method that involves an intensive investigation of one or more participants
survey
research method in which information is obtained by asking many individuals a fixed set of questions
longitudinal study
research method in which data is collected about a group of participants over a number of years to assess how certain characteristics change or remain the same during development
cross sectional study
research method in which data is collected from groups of participants of different ages and compared so that conclusions can be drawn about differences due to age
correlation
the measure of a relationship between two variables or sets of data
hypothesis
an educated guess about the relationship between two variables
variable
any factor that is capable of change
experimental group
the group to which an independent variable is applied
control group
the group that is treated in the same way as the experimental group except that the experimental treatment (the independent variable) is not applied
control group
the group that is treated in the same way as the experimental group except that the experimental treatment (the independent variable) is not applied
self-fulfilling prophecy
a situation in which a researcher's expectations influence that person's own behavior, and thereby influence the participant's behavior
single-blind experiment
an experiment in which the participants are unaware of which participants recieved treatment
double-blind experiment
an experiment in which neither the experimenter nor the participants know which participants recieved which treatment
placebo effect
a change in a participant's illness or behavior that results from a belief that the treatment will have an effect, rather than the actual treatment.