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26 Cards in this Set

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psychological assessment
use of specified testing procedures to evaluate the abilities, behaviors, and personal qualities of people
reliability
extent an assessment gives consistant scores
split-half reliability
measure of correlation between performance on different halves of a test
validity
extent that a test measures what it is intended to measure
face validity
degree that test items are related to what is supposed to be measured
criterion (predictive) validity
compare persons score on the test with score on other test associated with what the original test measures
norms
standards based on measurements of a large group of people
binet
first intelligence test

test of intellectual performance to separte developmentally disabled students from normal ones
mental age
binets measure of intelligence

age child is performing intellectually
Lewis Terman
used binets ideas

stanford-binet intelligence scale

IQ
stanford binet intelligence scale
terman

base for the concept is IQ
IQ
IQ= mental age / chronological age x 100
disadvantage of IQ
mental age stays the same
chronological age increases over time
(you get stupider as you get older makes no sense)
Wechlser intelligence test
combined verbal and nonverbal subtests

deviation IQ scores

standard scores normalized for each age group
army alpha

army beta
alpha: for literates

beta: for illiterates
criteria for psychological tests
1. standardization
2. reliability
3. validity
spearman (single)
there is general intelligence, g
cattell (single)
general intelligence broken down into crystalized an fluid intelligence
crystallized intelligence
knowledge a person has already acquired and ability to access that knowledge

increases throughout life
fluid intelligence
ability to see complex relationships and solve complex problems

decreases after you turn 30
determines crustallized intelligence
seperate abilities
thurstone
gardner
sternberg
seperate abilities
thurstone
gardner
sternberg
eugenics movement
(galton) intelligence is inherited
binet-simon test
test that contained problems of increasing difficulty and measured
judgement
reasoning
comprehension
heritability (nature) evidence
monozygotic twins--

correlated when grown up together
correlated when not grown up together
environmental

(flynn effect)
deprived and enriched environments

IQ is increasing