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12 Cards in this Set

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Define Intelligence
Intelligence is the possesion of knowledge, the ability to efficiently use knowledge to reason about the world, and the ability to use this reasoning to adapt to different environments.
Aptitude tests
Aptitude tests are designed to measure a person's capability to learn certain things or perform certain tasks. Example: SAT
Define Intelligence
Intelligence is the possesion of knowledge, the ability to efficiently use knowledge to reason about the world, and the ability to use this reasoning to adapt to different environments.
Achievement tests
Achievement tests are designed to measure what a person has accomplished or learned in a particular area.
Norms
Norms are descriptions of the frequency of particular scores. For ex.: norms tell what percentage of high school students obtained a possible score on a college entrance exam.
Reliability
All good tests have a good scale and the results are repeatable or stable
Correlation coefficient
To estimate reliability two set of scores are obtained and the scores are computed to find the correlation coefficient between the scores. When the scores are positive the tests is considered reliable.
Test-retest reliability
Give the same test to the same people on two occasions; what is being mesured does not change between the two testings.
Validity
A test may be reliable but not valid. The validity of a test is the degree to which it measures what it is suppose to measure.
Content validity
Content validity is the degree to which the test's content is related to what the test is supposed to measure
Construct Validity
Construct validity is the extent to which scores on a test are in accordance with one's theory about what is being tested.
Criterion Validity
Criterion Validity is the extent to which test scores correlate with another direct and independent measure of what the test is supposed to assess. This independent measure is called the criterion.