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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the scientific study of behavior and metal processes
observable and measurable actions of people and animals
private, unobservable mental processes such as sensation, perception, thought, and problem solving
Cognitive activities
theoretical entities, or concepts, that enable one to discuss something that cannot be seen, touched, or measured directly
Psychological constructs
a set of assumptions about why something is the way it is and happens the way it does
a rule or law
research that is conducted for its own sake, that is, without seeking a solution to a specific problem
Basic research
an examination of one’s own thoughts and feelings
a learned connection between two ideas or evens
the school of psychology, founded by Wihelm Wundt, that maintains that conscious experience breaks down into objective sensations and subjective feelings
the school of psychology, founded by William James, that emphasizes the purposes of behavior and metal processes
the school of psychology, founded by John Watson, that defines psychology as the scientific study of observable behavior
the school of psychology that emphasizes the tendency to organize perceptions into meaningful wholes
Gestalt psychology
the school of psychology, founded by Sigmund Freud, that emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives and conflicts as determinants of human behavior
the theory that most of what fills and individual’s mind is unconscious and consists of conflicting impulses, urges, and wishes
Psychodynamic thinking
the psychological perspective that emphasizes the influence of biology on behavior
Biological perspective
the theory focusing on the evolution of behavior and mental processes
Evolutionary perspective
the viewpoint that emphasizes the role of thought processes in determining behavior
Cognitive perspective
the psychological view that assumes the existence of the self and emphasizes the importance of self-awareness and the freedom to make choices
Humanistic perspective
the perspective that stresses the influence of unconscious forces on human behavior
Psychoanalytic perspective
the psychological point of view that emphasizes the effects of experience on behavior
Learning perspective
the theory that suggests that people have the ability to change their environments or to create new ones
Social-learning theory
in psychology, the perspective that focuses on the roles of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status in personality formation, behavior, and mental processes
Sociocultural perspective
a group united by cultural heritage, race, language, or common history
Ethnic group