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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
set of logically related concepts that seeks to organize, explain, and predict data.
tentative explanations or predictions that can be tested by further research.
mechanistic model
Model that views human dev. as a series of passive, predictable responses to stimuli.
organismic model
Model that views human dev. as internally initiated by an active organism and as occuring in a sequence of qualitative different stages
psychoanalytic perspective
View of human dev as being shaped by unconscious forces
psychosexual development
In Freudian theory, an unvarying sequence of stages of personality dev during infancy, childhood, and adolescence, in which gratitication shifts from the mouth to the anus and then to the genitals.
psychosocial development
In eriksons 8 stage theory the socially and culturally influenced process of development of he ego, or self.
learning perspective
View of human dev that holds that changes in behavior result from experience or adaptation to the environment
learning theory that emphasizes the predictable roles of environment in causing observable behavior
classical conditioning
Learning based on association of a stimulus that doesnt ordinarily elicit a particular response with another stimulus that does elicit the response
operant conditioning
learning based on association of behavior with its consequences
In operant conditioning, a process that strengthens and encourages repitition of a desired behavior
In operant conditioning, a process that weakens and discourages repition of behavior.
social learning theory
theory that behaviors are learned by observing and imitating models
observational learning
learning through watching the behavior of others