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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Criteria of abnormal behavior
The 6 categories of disorders
1) Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Panic disorder
Obsessive complusive
2)Somatoform Disorders-physical health problems that have psychological rather than physical causes
Somatization-chronic aches, pains, tiredness, dangerous measures to seek relief
Hypochondriasis-milder form, preoccupied with health
Conversion-blindness,deafness, paralysis, seizures (symptoms often not medically possible)
Pain Disorders-similiar but pain is primary symptom-patients not that upset by condition because disorder provides psychologial benefit
3) Dissociaive-Conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts and feelings
Idenity-multi personalities
Fugue-flight from one's home and identity (amnesia)
Amnesia-selective memory loss often brought on my extreme stress
4)Mood Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder
5)Schizophrenia-a severse psychotic loss of contact with reality
6)Personality-inflexible and enduring behavior patterns and personalities that impair social function
Factors that cause/contribute to disorders
1)Personality-develop in childhood, onset in adolesence/early adulthood
2)Mood-stressful experiences, negative explanatory style, depressed mood, cognitive and behavioral changes
Neurotransmitters-overactiity of certain dopamine receptors in the brain
Brain damage and function-ventricles (or cavaties) in brain are enlarged and filled with fluid
Family Communication-high levels of criticism, hostility, contradicting
Learning perspective (stimulus, reinforcement, observation)
Biological perspective (natural selection, genes,physiology)
Clinical Psychology
Field of psych focusing on assessment, diagnosis and treatment of abnormal behavior (guided by the boulder model)
Boulder Model
-basis of clinical psych
-intergration of science and practice
-ultimate goal of clinical utility
Psychiatrists vs. Psychologists
-have an MD
-prescribe drugs
-endorse medical model
-Have an PhD
-Do not prescribve drugs
-endorse biopsychosocial model
Medical vs. Bio-Psycho Model
-endorsed by psychiatrists
-perspective that abnormal behavior reflects a type of physical or mental illness/disease
-endorsed by psychologists
-biological( evolution, indivisual genes, brain structure and chemistry)
-Social(Roles, expectations, definition of normality and disorder)
-Psychological (stress, trauma, learned helplessness, mood-related perceptions and memories)
A planned, emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained, socially sanctioned healer and sufferer
1)Psychoanalysis-bring repressed memories into conscious awareness
2)Humanistic-problems occur when a person's growth potential is blocked. responsible for solving our own problems
3)Client Centered-explores thoughts and feelings to obtain insights into causes of behavior. 4 qualities of communication (empathy, unconditioned positive regard, genuineness, active listening)
4)Behavior-applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
5)Cognitive-teaches ppl new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting
6)Biological-based on medical model.
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Drug Therapy (Antidepressent, Antipsychotic and Antianxiety)
7)Eclectric-combo of all approaches. most common