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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
factors that energize, direct, or sustain behavior
state of biological or social deficiences within the body
Maslow's arrangement of needs, in which basic survival needs are lowest and personal growth needs are highest in terms of ultimate priority
need hierarchy
a state that is achieved when one's personal dreams and aspirations have been attained
psychological state that motivates an organism to satisfy its needs
term to describe psychological activation, such as increased brain activity, autonomic responses, sweating, or muscle tension
the tendency for bodily functions to maintain equilibrium
external stimuli that motivate behaviors (as opposed to internal drives)
a psychological principle that dictates that behavioral efficiency increases with arousal up to an optimum point, after which it decreases with increasing arousal
Yerkes-Dodson Law
motivation to perform an activity because of the external goals toward which that activity is directed
extrinsic motivation
motivation to perform an activity because of the value or pleasure associated with that activity
intrinsic motivation
the capacity to generate or recognize ideas, alternatives, or possibilities that may be useful in solving problems, communicating with others, or entertaining ourselves and others
the need for interpersonal attachments is a fundamental motive that has evolved for adaptive purposes
need to belong theory
when there is a motivational conflict both to cooperate and to be selfish
social dilemma
the process by which people initiate, adjust, or stop actions in order to promote the attainment of personal goals or plans
a desired outcome associated with some specific object of desire or some future behavioral intention
the expectancy that ones efforts will lead to success
the desire to do well relative to the standards of excellence
achievement motive
a model of self-regulation in which people evaluate progress in achieving goals
TOTE model
a phenonmenon of low-self awareness in which people lose their individuality and fail to attend to personal standards
when people transcend immediate temptations to successfully achieve long-term goals
delay of gratification
synonymous with addiciton, the physiological state in which failing to ingest a specific substance leads to bodily symptoms of withdrawal
physical dependence
habitual substance use, despite consquences, and a compulsive need to continue using the drug
psychological dependence
abnormal alcohol seeking characterized by loss of control over drinkinh and accompanied by physiological effects of tolerance and withdrawal
a pattern of physiological responses during sexual activity
sexual response cycle
Evolutionary theory that suggests men and women look for different qualities in their relationship partners due to gender-specific adaptive problems they've faced throughout human history
sexual strategies theory