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FOUR CRITERIA FOR ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR
1.ATYPICALITY
2.MALADAPTIVITY
3.EMOTIONAL DISCOMFORT
4.SOCIAL UNACCEPTABILITY
DSM-IV
USED FOR CLASSIFYING AND DIAGNOSING BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS

DIVIDED INTO NEUROTIC AND PSYCHOTIC
HOW ANXIETY DIFFERS FROM FEAR
FEAR HAS AN OBVIOUS CAUSE
ANXIETY DISORDERS (5)
1.PANIC DISORDER
2.PHOBIAS
3.OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
4.POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
5.GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
AGORAPHOBIA
FEAR OF BEING OUTSIDE
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
ANXIETY REFLECTED IN PERSISTANT THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
VIVID FLASH BACKS AND AVOIDANCE OF STIMULUS CONCERNING TRAUMATIC EVENT
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
CHRONIC STATE OF ANXIETY IN ALL SITUATIONS
FOUR CRITERIA FOR ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR
1.ATYPICALITY
2.MALADAPTIVITY
3.EMOTIONAL DISCOMFORT
4.SOCIAL UNACCEPTABILITY
DSM-IV
USED FOR CLASSIFYING AND DIAGNOSING BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS

DIVIDED INTO NEUROTIC AND PSYCHOTIC
HOW ANXIETY DIFFERS FROM FEAR
FEAR HAS AN OBVIOUS CAUSE
ANXIETY DISORDERS (5)
1.PANIC DISORDER
2.PHOBIAS
3.OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
4.POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
5.GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
AGORAPHOBIA
FEAR OF BEING OUTSIDE
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
ANXIETY REFLECTED IN PERSISTANT THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
VIVID FLASH BACKS AND AVOIDANCE OF STIMULUS CONCERNING TRAUMATIC EVENT
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
CHRONIC STATE OF ANXIETY IN ALL SITUATIONS
BEHAVIORAL PERSPECTIVE OF ANXIETY DISORDER
BEHAVIOAL THEORISTS SEE CLASSICAL CONDITIONAL AS SOURCE OF ANXIETY DISORDER
SOMATOFORM DISORDERS (3)
1.SOMATIZATION DISORDER

2.HYPOCHONDRIASIS

3.CONVERSION DISORDER
SOMATIZATION DISORDER
CAUSE MULTIPLE AND RECURRENT PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS WITH NO PHYSICAL CAUSE
HYPOCHONDRIASIS
INDIVIDUAL IS FEARFUL OF CONTRACTING SERIOUS ILLNESS OR DYING.
CONVERSION DISORDER
CAUSES SENSORY OR MOTOR SYSTEM DISTURBANCES WITH NO ORGANIC CAUSE
DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS AND 3 TYPES
ANXIETY CAUSING FACTORS ARE SEPARATED FROM CONSCIOUS AWARENESS

1.AMNESIA
2.FUGUE
3.IDENTITY
FUGUE
CAUSES AMNESIA AND FLIGHT AWAY FROM INTOLERABLE SITUATION
FOUR CRITERIA FOR ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR
1.ATYPICALITY
2.MALADAPTIVITY
3.EMOTIONAL DISCOMFORT
4.SOCIAL UNACCEPTABILITY
DSM-IV
USED FOR CLASSIFYING AND DIAGNOSING BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS

DIVIDED INTO NEUROTIC AND PSYCHOTIC
HOW ANXIETY DIFFERS FROM FEAR
FEAR HAS AN OBVIOUS CAUSE
ANXIETY DISORDERS (5)
1.PANIC DISORDER
2.PHOBIAS
3.OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
4.POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
5.GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
AGORAPHOBIA
FEAR OF BEING OUTSIDE
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
ANXIETY REFLECTED IN PERSISTANT THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
VIVID FLASH BACKS AND AVOIDANCE OF STIMULUS CONCERNING TRAUMATIC EVENT
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
CHRONIC STATE OF ANXIETY IN ALL SITUATIONS
BEHAVIORAL PERSPECTIVE OF ANXIETY DISORDER
BEHAVIOAL THEORISTS SEE CLASSICAL CONDITIONAL AS SOURCE OF ANXIETY DISORDER
SOMATOFORM DISORDERS (3)
1.SOMATIZATION DISORDER

2.HYPOCHONDRIASIS

3.CONVERSION DISORDER
SOMATIZATION DISORDER
CAUSE MULTIPLE AND RECURRENT PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS WITH NO PHYSICAL CAUSE
HYPOCHONDRIASIS
INDIVIDUAL IS FEARFUL OF CONTRACTING SERIOUS ILLNESS OR DYING.
CONVERSION DISORDER
CAUSES SENSORY OR MOTOR SYSTEM DISTURBANCES WITH NO ORGANIC CAUSE
DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS AND 3 TYPES
ANXIETY CAUSING FACTORS ARE SEPARATED FROM CONSCIOUS AWARENESS

1.AMNESIA
2.FUGUE
3.IDENTITY
FUGUE
CAUSES AMNESIA AND FLIGHT AWAY FROM INTOLERABLE SITUATION
DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER
MULTIPLE PERSONALITY
BEHAVIORAL PERSPECTIVE ON DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS
THEY INVOLVE OPERANT AVOIDANCE RESPONSES WHEN INDIVIDUALS AVOID ANXIETY.
NEUROSIS
ANXIETY, BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS
PSYCHOSIS
SEVERE DISORDERS WITH DISTURBANCES IN THINKING, LOSS OF CONTACT WITH REALITY
MOOD DISORDERS (3)
1.MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
2.BIPOLAR (MANIC DEPRESSIVE) DISORDER
3.SEASONAL AFFECTIVE DISORDER
BEHAVIORAL PERSPETIVE ON MOOD DISORDERS
SEE DEPRESSION AS EMERGING FROM LOSS OF PRIMARY SOURCE OF PRIMARY REINFORCEMENT
SCHIZOPHRENIA (5)
1.DISORGANIZED
2.CATATONIC
3.PARANOID
4.UNDIFFERENTIATED
5.RESIDUAL
DELUSIONS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA(4)
1.OF INFLUENCE-DOG, WIRES, TV MADE ME DO IT

2.GRANDEUR-BELIEF THAT ONE IS GREAT PERSON OF HISTORY

3.PERSECUTION-SOMEONE IS OUT TO GET ME

4.REFERENCE-EVERY INSIGNIFICANT DETAIL PERTAINS TO LIFE
DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA
DISORGANIZATION IN THINKING AND BEHAVIOR (SPEECH WORD SALAD)
CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA
PSYCHOMOTOR DISTURBANCES
-IMMOBILITY
-WAXY FLEXIBILITY
PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA
WELL ORGANIZED DELUSIONAL THOUGHTS, HIGHEST LEVEL OF AWARENESS
DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER
MULTIPLE PERSONALITY
BEHAVIORAL PERSPECTIVE ON DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS
THEY INVOLVE OPERANT AVOIDANCE RESPONSES WHEN INDIVIDUALS AVOID ANXIETY.
NEUROSIS
ANXIETY, BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS
PSYCHOSIS
SEVERE DISORDERS WITH DISTURBANCES IN THINKING, LOSS OF CONTACT WITH REALITY
MOOD DISORDERS (3)
1.MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
2.BIPOLAR (MANIC DEPRESSIVE) DISORDER
3.SEASONAL AFFECTIVE DISORDER
BEHAVIORAL PERSPETIVE ON MOOD DISORDERS
SEE DEPRESSION AS EMERGING FROM LOSS OF PRIMARY SOURCE OF PRIMARY REINFORCEMENT
SCHIZOPHRENIA (5)
1.DISORGANIZED
2.CATATONIC
3.PARANOID
4.UNDIFFERENTIATED
5.RESIDUAL
DELUSIONS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA(4)
1.OF INFLUENCE-DOG, WIRES, TV MADE ME DO IT

2.GRANDEUR-BELIEF THAT ONE IS GREAT PERSON OF HISTORY

3.PERSECUTION-SOMEONE IS OUT TO GET ME

4.REFERENCE-EVERY INSIGNIFICANT DETAIL PERTAINS TO LIFE
DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA
DISORGANIZATION IN THINKING AND BEHAVIOR (SPEECH WORD SALAD)
CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA
PSYCHOMOTOR DISTURBANCES
-IMMOBILITY
-WAXY FLEXIBILITY
PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA
WELL ORGANIZED DELUSIONAL THOUGHTS, HIGHEST LEVEL OF AWARENESS
UNDIFFERENTIATED SCHIZOPHRENIA
HAVE ALL OR SOME SYMPTOMS OF ALL TYPES
RESIDUAL SCHIZOPHRENIA
RECOVERY PHASE, MAJOR SYMPTOMS ARE ABSENT
PERSONALITY DISORDER (1 TYPE)
ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
(MOST DISRUPTIVE)
PSYCHOTHERAPY
NONBIOLOGICAL NON INVASIVE TECHNIQUE OR PROCEDURE TO IMPROVE ADJUSTMENT TO LIFE.
TECHNIQUES OF PSYCHOANALYSIS(4)
1.FREE ASSOCIATION
2.DREAM ANALYSIS
3.RESISTANCE
4.TRANSFERENCE
RATIONAL EMOTIVE THERAPIES, WHO?
ALBERT ELLIS

SUBSTITUTE SELF DEFEATING IRRATIONAL BELIEFS WITH MORE LOGICAL REALISTIC THOUGHTS
AARON BECK
COGNITIVE THERAPY

IRRATIONAL BELIEFS CAUSE PEOPLE TO HAVE NEG SELF IMAGES/LABELS
COGNITIVE THERAPY
DISORDERS COME FROM DISTORTIONS IN THOUGHTS
BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
DISORDERS HAVE BEEN LEARNED
SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION, WHO?
JOSEPH WOLPE

TRAIN PEOPLE TO RELAX WHEN CONFRONTED WITH FEAR INDUCING STIMULI
TWO FACTOR LEARNING
COMBINES BOTH CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING
OPERANT CONDITIONING
OUR BEHAVIOR IS STRONGLY INFLUENCED BY THEIR CONSEQUENCES
SHAPING
REINFORCING CLOSER AND CLOSER APPROXIMATIONS TO FINAL DESIRED BEHAVIOR
TOKEN ECONOMY
MAINTAIN ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR THRU POINT SYSTEM OR TOKENS LATER EXCHANGED FOR DESIRED OBJECT OR PRIVELEGES
FAMILY THERAPY
INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT IS INFLUENCED BY SOCIAL INTERACTION WITH FAMILY
PSYCHOTHERAPY
NONBIOLOGICAL NON INVASIVE TECHNIQUE OR PROCEDURE TO IMPROVE ADJUSTMENT TO LIFE.
TECHNIQUES OF PSYCHOANALYSIS(4)
1.FREE ASSOCIATION
2.DREAM ANALYSIS
3.RESISTANCE
4.TRANSFERENCE
RATIONAL EMOTIVE THERAPIES, WHO?
ALBERT ELLIS

SUBSTITUTE SELF DEFEATING IRRATIONAL BELIEFS WITH MORE LOGICAL REALISTIC THOUGHTS
AARON BECK
COGNITIVE THERAPY

IRRATIONAL BELIEFS CAUSE PEOPLE TO HAVE NEG SELF IMAGES/LABELS
COGNITIVE THERAPY
DISORDERS COME FROM DISTORTIONS IN THOUGHTS
BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
DISORDERS HAVE BEEN LEARNED
SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION, WHO?
JOSEPH WOLPE

TRAIN PEOPLE TO RELAX WHEN CONFRONTED WITH FEAR INDUCING STIMULI
TWO FACTOR LEARNING
COMBINES BOTH CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING
OPERANT CONDITIONING
OUR BEHAVIOR IS STRONGLY INFLUENCED BY THEIR CONSEQUENCES
SHAPING
REINFORCING CLOSER AND CLOSER APPROXIMATIONS TO FINAL DESIRED BEHAVIOR
TOKEN ECONOMY
MAINTAIN ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR THRU POINT SYSTEM OR TOKENS LATER EXCHANGED FOR DESIRED OBJECT OR PRIVELEGES
FAMILY THERAPY
INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT IS INFLUENCED BY SOCIAL INTERACTION WITH FAMILY
LOBOTOMY
SURGERY SEPARATING NERVES OF PREFRONTAL CORTEX F/ REST OF BRAIN TO MEDIATE EMOTIONAL RESPONSES
PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS
1.ANTIPSYCHOTICS
2.ANTIDEPRESSANTS
3.ANTIMANICS
4.ANTIANXIETY
APPROACHES TO UNDERSTANDING ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR(7)
1.STATISTICAL (FAR FROM AVG)
2.SOCIOLOGICAL (DEPENDS ON CULTURE)
3.PSYCHOANALYTICAL (REPRESSION)
4.BEHAVIORAL (CAUSED BY LEARNING)
5.COGNITIVE (CAUSED BY THINKING)
6.BIOLOGICAL (GENETICS)
7.INTERACTIONIST (COMBINATION)
WHY DO WE LIKE TO DIAGNOSE?
LABELING ENABLES VINDICATION
INSURANCE COMPANIES COVER SPECIFIC DIAGNOSIS
MENTAL ILNESSES DIVIDED INTO 2:
1.NEUROTIC (WORRY/ANXIETY)
2.PSYCHOTIC (BREAK W.REALITY)
FIVE AXIS SYSTEM FOR DISORDERS
1.MAIN CLINICAL DISORDER
2.PERSONALITY/DEVELOPMENTAL
3.GENERAL MEDICAL CONDITION
4.PSYCHOSOCIAL/ENVIRONMENTAL
5.GLOBAL ASSESMENT OF FUNCT.
(HOW FUNCTIONAL HAVE THEY BEEN)
MEDICAL STUDENT SYNDROME
READ ABOUT DISEASE AND THINK U HAVE SYMPTOMS
ANXIETY DISORDERS (5)
1.GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDE
2.PANIC DISORDER
3.PHOBIA DISORDER
4.OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORD
5.POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISOR
SOMATOFORM DISORDERS (2)
1.HYPOCHONDRIASIS
2.CONVERSION DISORDER
HYPOCHONDRIASIS
ALWAYS THINK THEIR SICK
OVERCONCERN WITH HEALTH
CONVERSION DISORDER
PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS CONVERTED TO PHYSICAL
DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS(2)
1.PSYCHOGENIC AMNESIA
2.IDENTITY/MULT PERSONALITY

TRIGGERED BY TRAUMA
DIFFERENCE B/W COMPULSIVE AND REL RITUAL
RITUAL IS SUPPORTED BY RELIGION
PSYCHOSOCIAL DISORDER(3)
1.SEXUAL DYSFUNCION
2.PARAPHILIA(ABNORMAL LOVE)
3.GENTER IDENTITY DISORDER
(TRANSEXUAL/BELIEVE ARE WRONG SEX)
TYPES OF PARAPHILIA(6)
1.FETISHISM(ATTRACT TO OBJECTS OR BODY PARTS)
2.TRANSVESTITE(WEAR CLOTHES OF OPPSEX)
3.EXHIBITION/VOYERISM(EXPOSE/ENJOY WATCHIN OTHERS)
4.SADISM/MASOCHISM (ENJOY HURTING OTHERS/WANTS TO BE HURT)
5.PEDOPHILIA(ATTRACT TO KIDS)
6.ZOOPHILIA (ATTRACT TO ANIMALS)
PERSONALITY DISORDERS (AXIS2)
TWO TYPES
1.ODD/ECCENTRIC
2.DRAMATIC/EMOTIONAL
3.ANXIOUS FEARFUL
ODD/ECCENTRIC:
1.SCHIZOID
2.SCHIZOTYPAL
1.DONT LIKE PLP
2.THINK MESSAGES ARE EVERYWHERE
DRAMATIC/EMOTIONAL

1.HISTRONIC
2.NARCISSISTIC
3.ANTISOCIAL
4.BORDERLINE
1.OVERLY DRAMATIC
2.IRRATION SENSE OF SELF IMPORTANCE
3.DONT LEARN F/MISTAKES/DONT CARE
4.B.W NORMAL AND SCHIZOPHRNIC
RADICAL MOOD CHANGES
ANXIOUS/FEARFUL

1.AVOIDANT
2.DEPENDENT
3.OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE
1.AVOID CLOSE FRIENDSHIPS BUT DESPERATELY WANTS THEM
2.OVERLY DEPENDENT OF OTHER PLP
3.MORE MILDER FORM
MOOD DISORDERS(3)
1.MAJOR DEPRESSION(INTERFERE W/ REUPTAKE OF SERATONIN)
2.BIPOLAR/MANIC DEPRESSION (MOOD SWINGS/LITHIUM)
3.SEASONAL AFFECTIVE DISORDER
(DISRUPTS SLEEP CYCLE)
SCHIZOPHRENIC DISORDERS

FOUR TYPES
INVOLVE ELEVATED DOPAMINE LEVELS

1.CATATONIC(RIGID MOBILITY/WAXY FLEXIBILITY)
2.PARANOID(OUT 2GETU)
3.DISORGANIZED(WORD SALAD)
4.UNDIFFERENTIATED(SOME SYMPTOMS)
DELUSIONS (4)
BELIEFS NOT SUPPORTED BY FACTS AROUND U EX.THINK UR JESUS

1.GRANDEUR-FEEL SOMEONE SPECIAL
2.PERSECUTION-SOMEONE OUT TO GET U
3.REFERENCE-MESSAGES ARE EVERYWHERE
4.CONTROL-THOUGHTS ARE BEING CONTROLLED BY RADIOWAVES
CATHARSIS
SUDDEN RELEASE OF TENSION/EMOTION

COMPARE TO HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
HUMANISTIC THERAPY
MASLOW WE REACH FULL POTENTIAL

ENCOURAGE SELF EXAMINATION/GROWTH

FOUCUS ON PRESENT/CONSCIOUS THOUGHTS
CLIENT CENTERED THERAPY,WHO?
CARL ROGERS
UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
COMPARE REAL SELF VS IDEAL SELF
GESTALT THERAPY, WHO?
FRITZ PERLS

MORE CONFRONTATIONAL
MAKE CLIENT LOOK AT SELF
THEYRE RESPONSIBLE FOR CHANGE
TRANSACTIONAL ANAYLISIS(3)
INTERACTION B/W PLP
IM A GOOD PERSON AND ALTHO U DISAGREE UR OK TOO.

1.INNER PARENT (SAY WHAT PARENT SAID 2U AS CHILD)
2.INNER CHILD(WHINY/SELFISH)
3.INNER ADULT(ADULT TO ADULT)
CLASSICAL CONDITIONING(2)
1.AVERSIVE
2.SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION
MODELING/COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY
ALBERT BANDURA

ENCOURAGE SELF TALK

THINKING AFFECTS BEHAVIOR
DEFN PSYCHOLOGY
SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF MIND AND BEHAVIOR
APPROACHES TO PSY,WHO?(6)
1.PSYCHOANALYTIC-FREUD
2.BEHAVIORAL-(LEARNED)WATSON/SKINNER
3.GESTALT-(MORE THAN SUM OF PARTS)KOHUR/WERTHEIMER
4.HUMANISTIC-MASLOW ROGERS
5.COGNITIVE
6.BIOLOGICAL
GOAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
UNDERSTANDING, PREDICTING, CONTROLING BEHAVIOR
SHORT TERM MEMORY
1MIN OR LESS
PURPOSE TO UNDERSTAND SENTENCE MEANING
SENSORY REGISTER
1MILISECOND

1.ICONIC(VISUAL)
2.ETOIC (AUDITORY)
TACHISTOSCOPE(TOUCH)
EIDETIC IMAGERY
PHOTOGRAPHIC MEMORY
PROACTIVE INTERFERENCE
EARLY WORDS INTERFERE WITH LATER ONES
RETROACTIVE INTERFERENCE
LATER WORDS INTERFERE WITH EARLY ONES
LONG TERM MEMORY (3)
LONGER THAN A MIN

1.EPISODIC(EVENTS)EASIEST
2.SEMANTIC(FACTS)
3.PROCEDURAL(SKILLS)