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35 Cards in this Set

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B.I.D
Two times a day
T.I.D vs. q 8 hours
Three times a day, vitals signs, every 8 hours
q.i.d
4 times a day
a.c
before meals
p.c
after meals
h.s
at bedtime
NPO
Nothing by mouth
prn
whenever there is a need
ad lib
as desired
Stat
give immediately
Oral routes (3)
Swallow, sublingual, buccal
Parenteral routes (4)
Intradermal- just under epidermis
Subcutaneous- just below the dermis
Intramuscular- into a muscle
Intravenous- into a vein
1mL
15 drops (gtt)
4-5 mL
1 tsp
16mL
1 tbs
30mL
1 oz., 2 tbs
240mL
8 oz., 1cup
480mL -(approx 500mL)
1 pint
960mL- (approx. 1L)
1 quart
3840mL-(approx 4L)
1 gallon
Rules when converting to a smaller unit.
Multiply current measurement (1L) by the unit of 10 desired (mL=1000). 1x1000=1000ml
Rules when converting to a larger unit.
Divide by current unit of 10 (mg.=1000). 1000mg/1=1g
Formula for solid and liquid conversions.
dose ordered/dose on hand x amt. on hand= amt. to administer. Dose ordered is 2mg. Vile has 10mg/mL. Formula: 2mg/10mg x 1mL=1/5 or 0.2 mL to be administered
1 tsp=
4-5 mL, 1 fluidram
1 Tbs=
16 mL, 4 fluidrams
1 mL=
0.001 L, 15 drops (gtt), 15-16 minims
1 L=
1000 mL, approx. 1 quart
1 oz=
30 mL, 2 Tbs
1 gm=
1000 mg, 0.001 kg
1 mg=
0.001 gm, 1000 mcg
1 kg=
1000 gm
IM needle
1/2 inch, 18-23 gauge
IM Deltoid Landmark
Acromium process
IM Vastus Lateralis Landmarks
anterolateral aspect of mid thigh
IM Ventrogluteal Landmarks
greater trochanter, anterior iliac spine, and iliac crest