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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a system of beliefs and values that explains society and prescribes the role of gov't and the economy.
Functions of Ideology
1. Explain
2. Evaluate
3. Orient
4. Define
Political Culture
broadly shared values, beliefs and attitudes about how gov't should function
Three Core American Values--Define Each
1. Liberty/Freedom
- freedom from gov't control
- negative rights
- laissez faire (free market)
2. Democracy
-Republican-indirect & representative
-Liberal-protection of minority rights

3. Equality
-equality of outcome
-equality of opportunity
What do Americans think about Gov't?

Why does trust matter?
Early 60's-trusted
21st Century-didnt trust due to Nixon, Ford, Vietnam

political efficacy-ability to influence gov't and politics.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
John Locke
2nd treatise of gov't (1690)
Natural Rights
given rights just because we are people.
-pursuit of property
Social Contract
agreement among people to obey laws
Governmental Tyranny
abuse of the rights. not protecting the rights
What Makes Americans Different?
1. migration
-opportunity of choice (religion)
2. diversity and localism
-not single authority
3. economic and social structure
-lack of feudal past
-quicker suffrage for workers
-individualism & belief in social mobility
4. isolation
5 Sections of Colonial Society
1. New England
2. Southern Planters
3. Royalists
4. Shopkeepers
5. Small Farmers
1. Sugar Act of 1764

2. Stamp Act of 1765

3. Quartering Act of 1765

4. Townsend Act 1767
1. sugar, coffee, wine, dye, textiles
2. tax on information to become legal, newspaper, legal doc.
-sons of liberty-repealed in 1766
3. opens homes to British soldiers
4. taxes on lead, paper, paint, glass, tea
Colonial Response to Acts
Sons of Liberty 1765
Boston Massacre of 1770
-1st person to die
-Cripus Attucks--half black,half American Indian
-Sons of Liberty decided to name it Boston Massacre
-Paul Revere's Painting
Boston Tea Party
E. India Co. given monopoly of tea exports from Britain
-directly sell tea to colonists/cut out middle man
-threatens N. England Merch. and S. Planters
Sons Of Liberty dump tea into harbor
1. Massachusetts Act
2. Administration of Justice Act
3. Boston Port Act
4. Second Quartering Act
1. crown appointed all colonial executive officals
2. charges sent to be tried in england
3. cut off port until damage of tea party was repaid
4. open homes to British soldiers
1. First Continental Congress
2. Second Continental Congress
1. 1774
-called for boycott of british goods
-radical forces begin to take control

2. 1776
-Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation & Perpetual Union
1. Americans "first constitution"
2. central gov't comprised of only a congress
3. limitations of national congress
-delegates could be recalled at any time
-each state give one vote
-no standing national army
-wouldnt regulate trade, taxes, treaties of state
Failures of the Articles of Confederation
-weak international position
-elites (NE merchants & S. planters)
-economic interests
The 2nd Founding of America
1. debate over "framers intent"
2. alternative was that framers truly believed in the principles they professed
What is "fair" representation?
1. Large States
-Virginia Plan-by size of state (seats or votes)
-Edmund Randolph
2. Small States
-New Jersey Plan-equal for all, no size
The Great Compromise
Bicameral Legislature
-House of Rep. (VA Plan)
-Senate (NJ Plan)
Race & The Founding

The "3 fifths" Compromise
-Slaves accounted for almost 1/3 of population
-Southern states wanted slaves to count, Northern didn't

Slaves would count for 3/5 of a person for population
The Constitution
National gov't strong enough to promote commerce and suppress radicalism

supremacy clause-laws passed by national gov't and all treaties are supreme law of the land
Separation of Powers
the diffusion of governmental power among several institutions that must cooperate in decision making
Checks and Balances
mechanisms through which each branch of the gov't is able to participate in and influence the activities of the other branches.
power is concentrated entirely in the central/national government
a system of gov't where power is divided between a central gov't and subnational gov'ts.
Bill of Rights
-first ten amendments of the constitution
-ratified in 1791
-response to "dissent of the Pennsylvania minority"
-identify and ensure rights and liberties the gov't cant take away
Insulate gov't from "excessive democracy"
-electoral college, not people elect president
-stagger the terms of the senate
-supreme court justices not elected, but appointed for life